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Universitat Politècnica de València

1. Bosch Abarca, Jorge. Vivienda pequeña y forma urbana. Fundamentos de la ciudad moderna alemana.

Degree: 2016, Universitat Politècnica de València

[EN] Small dwelling and urban form. German modern city bases. Small dwelling and urban form are the main concepts in which this research is based. The intention is to determine the characteristics of the German city where the modern architecture of Neues Bauen is developed. The small dwelling, as a new type lacking in an immediate historical precedent, arises from the need to house a new class of the industrial proletariat. The urban form as a different configuration which the city acquires. This is a result of the transformations that its growth demands in order to adapt to a new social reality. In Germany, as in the rest of Europe, the origin of the small dwelling came from the need to improve the living conditions of the worker. A reaction that was produced mainly from philanthropy but also as a guarantee in keeping some established social conditions. The movement for housing reform, set out by private initiatives, effectively solves new forms for a small, hygienic and functional dwelling that was accessible to a part of the working masses, establishing solid and functional criteria that would be maintained as the principles of a typology in the configuration of the modern dwelling at the beginning of the 20th century. The great German city, represented mainly by Berlin in this research, outlines its expansion through an imported urban idea that has, as its main interest, the monumental expression of the urban space. With a system originated in the interior reform processes of the French city, it outlines the exterior expansion of the German city as a continued imposing construction, in which the small dwelling only constitutes a dense internal filling. This "petrous sea", as Muthesius defines a city that extends concentrated to its limits, would be seen as incompatible with the small dwelling that was needed. Once this inconsistency was recognized and with a new scientific approach to the construction of the city, a transformation process was begun towards a new urban model that took into consideration the need for a small and healthy dwelling and returns to the citizen the contact with nature, a sense that is a deeply ingrained in German people. From the ideas and actions of the leading figures in this process, gathered in original documents, the research advances in the recognition of the typical and essential characteristics of a German city, that, at the start of the third decade of the 20th century, bases its modern quality in common criteria relative to the separation of urban functions, the insertion of green in the city and the value of public space. On this modern German city of first post-war Europe, the specific solution of the architecture of Neues Bauen will be built.; [ES] Vivienda pequeña y forma urbana. Fundamentos de la ciudad moderna alemana. Vivienda pequeña y forma urbana son los conceptos sobre los que se fundamenta esta investigación que quiere determinar las características de la ciudad alemana en la que se desarrolla la arquitectura moderna del Neues Bauen. La vivienda… Advisors/Committee Members: Lozano Velasco, José María (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Vivienda pequeña; Forma urbana; Ciudad alemana; Vivienda moderna; Vivienda moderna alemana; Movimiento reformador; V.A. Huber; R. Baumeister; C. Sitte; E. Bruch; H. Albrecht; Th. Goecke; E. May; M. Wagner; F. Schumacher; Vivienda moderna en Berlín; Vivienda moderna en Frankfurt; Vivienda moderna en Hamburgo

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Bosch Abarca, J. (2016). Vivienda pequeña y forma urbana. Fundamentos de la ciudad moderna alemana. (Doctoral Dissertation). Universitat Politècnica de València. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10251/61453

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Bosch Abarca, Jorge. “Vivienda pequeña y forma urbana. Fundamentos de la ciudad moderna alemana. ” 2016. Doctoral Dissertation, Universitat Politècnica de València. Accessed December 12, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/61453.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Bosch Abarca, Jorge. “Vivienda pequeña y forma urbana. Fundamentos de la ciudad moderna alemana. ” 2016. Web. 12 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Bosch Abarca J. Vivienda pequeña y forma urbana. Fundamentos de la ciudad moderna alemana. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Universitat Politècnica de València; 2016. [cited 2019 Dec 12]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10251/61453.

Council of Science Editors:

Bosch Abarca J. Vivienda pequeña y forma urbana. Fundamentos de la ciudad moderna alemana. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Universitat Politècnica de València; 2016. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10251/61453

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