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You searched for subject:( Acrwc). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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University of Pretoria

1. Okon, Ekanem. Protection of the right to a family within the context of separated and unaccompanied children in natural disasters.

Degree: Private Law, 2012, University of Pretoria

The years 2010 and 2011 recorded a number of incidents of natural disasters around the globe. These disasters resulted in death, injuries and loss of family members. Children, a vulnerable group of persons, found themselves caught up in the chaos of the natural disasters. Some children lost family members, others became separated from their families and caregiver(s) as a result of the disaster, and those who were "alone" prior to the natural disasters became completely exposed to serious physical and psychological harm. Yet, every child has the right to a family. States have a duty to protect separated and unaccompanied children. Such protection involves prevention of separation, assessment of the child's situation, registration, documentation, family tracing, verification and reunification, emergency care arrangements, and permanent care arrangements. Based on the premise that every child has a right to grow up in a family environment this dissertation attempts to answer the question: How can separated children and unaccompanied children, in the African context, be protected in the event of natural disasters such that their right to a family is promoted and protected? In so doing, it presents an explanation of the concepts of separated children and unaccompanied children through investigation xii into the practical effects of separation on children. It also presents discussions on the concept "natural disasters" and some of the effects of natural disasters on separated children and unaccompanied children. There is an attempt at defining the concept "family" based on its internal and external constitution and function, and a consideration of the needs which a family should satisfy in a child. Familial rights enjoyed by children are presented and analysed as rights which exist under the canopy of the "right to a family". In line with the Interagency Guiding Principles, the different stages of protection in natural disasters are highlighted and particular attention is given to intercountry adoption and the implications of placing moratoriums on intercountry adoptions at different stages of the intercountry adoption process, following events of natural disasters. The study stresses the need to balance the importance of protecting the child with the need to provide the child with a permanent family. Copyright Advisors/Committee Members: Prof A Skelton (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Uncrc; Moratoriums; Intercountry adoption; Functions of the family; Family; Best interests; Adoptability; Abandoned children; Separation; Street children; Separated children; Orphans; Protection; Residential care; Right to a family; Unaccompanied children; Natural disasters; Acrwc; UCTD

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Okon, E. (2012). Protection of the right to a family within the context of separated and unaccompanied children in natural disasters. (Masters Thesis). University of Pretoria. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2263/24990

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Okon, Ekanem. “Protection of the right to a family within the context of separated and unaccompanied children in natural disasters.” 2012. Masters Thesis, University of Pretoria. Accessed March 18, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/2263/24990.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Okon, Ekanem. “Protection of the right to a family within the context of separated and unaccompanied children in natural disasters.” 2012. Web. 18 Mar 2019.

Vancouver:

Okon E. Protection of the right to a family within the context of separated and unaccompanied children in natural disasters. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2012. [cited 2019 Mar 18]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/24990.

Council of Science Editors:

Okon E. Protection of the right to a family within the context of separated and unaccompanied children in natural disasters. [Masters Thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2012. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/24990


University of Pretoria

2. [No author]. Protection of the right to a family within the context of separated and unaccompanied children in natural disasters .

Degree: 2012, University of Pretoria

The years 2010 and 2011 recorded a number of incidents of natural disasters around the globe. These disasters resulted in death, injuries and loss of family members. Children, a vulnerable group of persons, found themselves caught up in the chaos of the natural disasters. Some children lost family members, others became separated from their families and caregiver(s) as a result of the disaster, and those who were "alone" prior to the natural disasters became completely exposed to serious physical and psychological harm. Yet, every child has the right to a family. States have a duty to protect separated and unaccompanied children. Such protection involves prevention of separation, assessment of the child's situation, registration, documentation, family tracing, verification and reunification, emergency care arrangements, and permanent care arrangements. Based on the premise that every child has a right to grow up in a family environment this dissertation attempts to answer the question: How can separated children and unaccompanied children, in the African context, be protected in the event of natural disasters such that their right to a family is promoted and protected? In so doing, it presents an explanation of the concepts of separated children and unaccompanied children through investigation xii into the practical effects of separation on children. It also presents discussions on the concept "natural disasters" and some of the effects of natural disasters on separated children and unaccompanied children. There is an attempt at defining the concept "family" based on its internal and external constitution and function, and a consideration of the needs which a family should satisfy in a child. Familial rights enjoyed by children are presented and analysed as rights which exist under the canopy of the "right to a family". In line with the Interagency Guiding Principles, the different stages of protection in natural disasters are highlighted and particular attention is given to intercountry adoption and the implications of placing moratoriums on intercountry adoptions at different stages of the intercountry adoption process, following events of natural disasters. The study stresses the need to balance the importance of protecting the child with the need to provide the child with a permanent family. Copyright Advisors/Committee Members: Prof A Skelton (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Uncrc; Moratoriums; Intercountry adoption; Functions of the family; Family; Best interests; Adoptability; Abandoned children; Separation; Street children; Separated children; Orphans; Protection; Residential care; Right to a family; Unaccompanied children; Natural disasters; Acrwc; UCTD

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

author], [. (2012). Protection of the right to a family within the context of separated and unaccompanied children in natural disasters . (Masters Thesis). University of Pretoria. Retrieved from http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-05252012-131019/

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

author], [No. “Protection of the right to a family within the context of separated and unaccompanied children in natural disasters .” 2012. Masters Thesis, University of Pretoria. Accessed March 18, 2019. http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-05252012-131019/.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

author], [No. “Protection of the right to a family within the context of separated and unaccompanied children in natural disasters .” 2012. Web. 18 Mar 2019.

Vancouver:

author] [. Protection of the right to a family within the context of separated and unaccompanied children in natural disasters . [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2012. [cited 2019 Mar 18]. Available from: http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-05252012-131019/.

Council of Science Editors:

author] [. Protection of the right to a family within the context of separated and unaccompanied children in natural disasters . [Masters Thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2012. Available from: http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-05252012-131019/


University of Pretoria

3. Saine, Marie. Protecting the rights of children in trouble with the law : a case study of South Africa and The Gambia.

Degree: LLM, Centre for Human Rights, 2005, University of Pretoria

"It is the responsibility of every government to protect the fundamental rights and freedoms of its citizenry and to ensure that the rule of law and justice prevails at all times. Hovewer, children accused of committing crimes are more susceptible to human rights abuses and violations of their legal rights while in detention, either in police cells, prisons or authorised detention centres. They mostly suffer from both the agents of the state as well as from inmates. These violations often take place [behind] closed doors, and society being primarily concerned with keeping offenders locked up rather than about their conditions and human rights being respected, the cries of these children to be treated with dignity and worth go unnoticed despite the constitutional and international guarantee of their rights. The problem therefore is first to examine what rights do children in trouble with the law have under international law in general and specifically within the African human rights sytem with special emphasiis on the rights of children deprived of their liberty. Secondly, to examine how these international instruments are given effect domestically and whether there are challenges encountered in realising these rights. These are the main issues that this research intends to grapple with using South Africa and the Gambia as case studies with a view to making recommendations for better protection of the rights of this category of children. ... This research consist of four chapters. The first chapter is the introduction. It will give the basis and structure of the research which will include a general overview of the problem in the two countries under study. In the second chapter, it will explore the relevant international and African normative framework that protects the rights of children in trouble with the law and the obligations of states towards these children. However, the main focus will be the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACRWC), because they are the two main human rights instruments providing specific protection for children's rights in all spheres. The third chapter will be a comparative analysis of the rights of children deprived of their liberty as provided in the municipal laws of South African and the Gambia vis a vis the minimum standards set [out] in the CRC and ACRWC. It will discuss the following issues, namely: defintion of a child, age of criminal responsibility, the best interest, detention as a last resort and for the shortest possible time, separation from adult detainees, role of parents, establishment of separate criminal procedures, right to legal respresentation and assistance, and sentencing options. It will also examine the problems and challenges for implementation. The fourth chapter will conclude and make recommendations on how best to implement the laws and who should be the role players in ensuring that the rights of these children are well protected."  – Introduction. Advisors/Committee Members: Cistac, Gilles (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: UCTD; Children's rights South Africa; Human rights Africa; Child offenders prison; Detention children; Juvenile justice system Gambia; African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACRWC); Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC); South Africa

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Saine, M. (2005). Protecting the rights of children in trouble with the law : a case study of South Africa and The Gambia. (Masters Thesis). University of Pretoria. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2263/1159

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Saine, Marie. “Protecting the rights of children in trouble with the law : a case study of South Africa and The Gambia.” 2005. Masters Thesis, University of Pretoria. Accessed March 18, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/2263/1159.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Saine, Marie. “Protecting the rights of children in trouble with the law : a case study of South Africa and The Gambia.” 2005. Web. 18 Mar 2019.

Vancouver:

Saine M. Protecting the rights of children in trouble with the law : a case study of South Africa and The Gambia. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2005. [cited 2019 Mar 18]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/1159.

Council of Science Editors:

Saine M. Protecting the rights of children in trouble with the law : a case study of South Africa and The Gambia. [Masters Thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2005. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/1159

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