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1. Kern, Johan Hendrik Caspar. Denken over Rusland: Europese beschouwingen over de grote hervormingen, 1861-1881.

Degree: 2008, Uitgevrij Pegasus, AmsterdamFaculty of the Humanities, Leiden University

The theme of this dissertation relates to the perception of Russia as this is evidenced in European reflections on the Great Reforms in Russia during the period from 1861 to 1881, under the rule of Tsar Alexander II. The Russian Empire had suffered a humiliating defeat in the Crimean War (1853-1856) by a coalition of modern Western powers. As a result, the Russian government felt compelled to introduce drastic reforms in order to modernise the country. The authorities sought to maintain the autocratic political system by incorporating elements borrowed from Western types of societies. This attracted a new generation of Western observers and researchers who strove for a more empiric factual knowledge and a more realistic understanding of Russia. Journalists and scholars spent several months, or even years, in Russia, learned the language, made personal contacts with Russians and studied official and unofficial sources to improve their knowledge of the contemporary situation. They also published their findings in the different countries of Europe, both in popular and in more scientific works. The images presented in these works ensured a certain demythologizing of Russia and contributed to the formation of a richer and more refined image of the Russians than previously. In this way, these works lay the foundation for the subsequent systematic and scholarly study of Russia .

Subjects/Keywords: European image of Russia; Russian late-imperial history; Russian Studies; The Great Reforms (1861); Tsar Alexander II (1855-1881); European image of Russia; Russian late-imperial history; Russian Studies; The Great Reforms (1861); Tsar Alexander II (1855-1881)

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APA (6th Edition):

Kern, J. H. C. (2008). Denken over Rusland: Europese beschouwingen over de grote hervormingen, 1861-1881. (Doctoral Dissertation). Uitgevrij Pegasus, AmsterdamFaculty of the Humanities, Leiden University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1887/13310

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Kern, Johan Hendrik Caspar. “Denken over Rusland: Europese beschouwingen over de grote hervormingen, 1861-1881.” 2008. Doctoral Dissertation, Uitgevrij Pegasus, AmsterdamFaculty of the Humanities, Leiden University. Accessed September 24, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/1887/13310.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Kern, Johan Hendrik Caspar. “Denken over Rusland: Europese beschouwingen over de grote hervormingen, 1861-1881.” 2008. Web. 24 Sep 2020.

Vancouver:

Kern JHC. Denken over Rusland: Europese beschouwingen over de grote hervormingen, 1861-1881. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Uitgevrij Pegasus, AmsterdamFaculty of the Humanities, Leiden University; 2008. [cited 2020 Sep 24]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/13310.

Council of Science Editors:

Kern JHC. Denken over Rusland: Europese beschouwingen over de grote hervormingen, 1861-1881. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Uitgevrij Pegasus, AmsterdamFaculty of the Humanities, Leiden University; 2008. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/13310

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