Delft University of Technology
Meijer, Berend (author).
Impact forces on bridge piers in the event of ship collisions.
Degree: 2020, Delft University of Technology
The aim of this thesis is to propose a simple technique to estimate the maximum impact forces acting on bridge piers in the event of ship collisions. This technique is determined for Dutch commercial inland waterway ships (CEMT classes) and set up to be applied by bridge engineers to determine the required bridge pier strength. Many collision events on bridge piers have occurred in history where some led to a major failure of the bridge deck due to insufficient strength of the bridge pier. The accuracy of the Dutch guideline on calculating these impact forces (ROK 1.4) is questioned, mainly regarding the generalisation of the guideline to different ship types. Therefore, an investigation on this topic has been initiated to provide more accuracy in the estimations on bridge pier impact forces in the event of ship collisions. A dynamic nonlinear finite element model has been created using ABAQUS/Explicit to simulate the ship-bridge pier collision event. The bridge pier is assumed to be rigid and fixed, while the ship structure is assumed to dissipate all initial kinetic energy through plastic deformation (crushing of the structure). Material properties have been obtained from a test database and include rate effects. It has been concluded that the numerical calculation model is verified as stable, and results are in agreement with existing calculation methods. Numerical simulations have been performed on one class IV and two class V ship's bow structures. A relationship between initial kinetic energy levels and maximum impact force has been developed based on the results of the numerical calculations. With the established expression, the estimated impact force can be calculated for the event of a ship collision, given an initial kinetic energy level involved in the collision event. Maximum impact force values have been presented for different ship classes using this expression. For ships smaller than a medium-sized ship (CEMT IV), the impact force values are higher than is found in the current Dutch guideline. However, lower impact forces are estimated for ships larger than this medium-sized ship. This difference mainly originate from the relatively stiff response of the frontal part of the analysed ship's bows, compared to the ship's bow structure that led to the current Dutch guideline. With the proposed impact force expression, the maximum impact force on bridge piers in the event of ship collisions could be estimated with increased accuracy.
Advisors/Committee Members: Veljkovic, M. (graduation committee), Sluijs, L.J. (graduation committee), Walters, C.L. (graduation committee), Vreugdenhil, J.W. (graduation committee), de Hertog, M. (graduation committee), Delft University of Technology (degree granting institution).
Subjects/Keywords: Collisions; Bridge pier; Structural crashworthiness; Nonlinear finite element analysis; Inland waterway ships; Ship structure; Abaqus; Dynamic Finite Element Analysis
to Zotero / EndNote / Reference
APA (6th Edition):
Meijer, B. (. (2020). Impact forces on bridge piers in the event of ship collisions. (Masters Thesis). Delft University of Technology. Retrieved from http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:6e0c6aaf-3a75-4e51-a898-fb907a57b283
Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):
Meijer, Berend (author). “Impact forces on bridge piers in the event of ship collisions.” 2020. Masters Thesis, Delft University of Technology. Accessed January 16, 2021.
MLA Handbook (7th Edition):
Meijer, Berend (author). “Impact forces on bridge piers in the event of ship collisions.” 2020. Web. 16 Jan 2021.
Meijer B(. Impact forces on bridge piers in the event of ship collisions. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Delft University of Technology; 2020. [cited 2021 Jan 16].
Available from: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:6e0c6aaf-3a75-4e51-a898-fb907a57b283.
Council of Science Editors:
Meijer B(. Impact forces on bridge piers in the event of ship collisions. [Masters Thesis]. Delft University of Technology; 2020. Available from: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:6e0c6aaf-3a75-4e51-a898-fb907a57b283