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1. Hall, Carmen L. Beyond Physical Inclusion| Teaching Skills in the Community to Enhance Social Inclusion.

Degree: 2017, Saybrook University

Along with the deinstitutionalization movement, supports for persons with Intellectual Disabilities (ID) have shifted to promotion of person-centered supports inclusive in the community. Although successes have occurred regarding physical inclusion, skill building and social inclusion have not fared as well for those with more significant disabilities. This study evaluated a 5-week intensive, behavioral, specialized training and skill-building program for transition-age youth and emerging adults with more significant intellectual disabilities in a community college setting that utilized Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) and Positive Behavior Support (PBS) strategies. Eighteen persons with significant IDs participated in the study in a mixed methodology research design. Through voluntary sampling, eight participants received the intervention first, in Group 1, and ten participants received the intervention second, in Group 2, through a quantitative switching replications design. Results were analyzed with a sequential explanatory approach for mixed methodology research. The results demonstrated a statistically significant increase when participants were in the intervention group, as compared to acting as the control group, on the Verbal Behavior Milestones Assessment and Program Plan (VB-MAPP), which measures social and communication skills. A similar pattern was trending towards significance on the Assessment of Functional Living Skills (AFLS). No statistically significant difference occurred on the Adaptive Behavior Assessment System (ABAS-3). Subscales on the San Martin Scale (SMS) for Quality of Life demonstrated statistically significant interaction effects for five of six subscales, when individuals were in the intervention group, but the treatment gains did not maintain after the intervention ended. The multiple-probe across-behaviors design demonstrated that participants were able to gain one to three skills while in the intervention, but, again, little carry-over effect was found on skills in baseline until the skill teaching was implemented. Further analysis demonstrated high satisfaction on the part of caregivers. Qualitative focus groups demonstrated a significant dichotomy between Theme 1, <i>Fitting into a System</i>, which did not meet individual needs, and Theme 3, <i>Learning is Meaningful</i>, which described successes and skill increases from the intervention as seen by caregivers. Results provided evidence that a short-term behavioral intervention can be effective in increasing skills, demonstrating satisfaction, and improving quality of life, combining a focus on behavior with one deriving from the disability rights movement.

Subjects/Keywords: Behavioral psychology; Adult education; Special education

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Hall, C. L. (2017). Beyond Physical Inclusion| Teaching Skills in the Community to Enhance Social Inclusion. (Thesis). Saybrook University. Retrieved from http://pqdtopen.proquest.com/#viewpdf?dispub=10287778

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Hall, Carmen L. “Beyond Physical Inclusion| Teaching Skills in the Community to Enhance Social Inclusion.” 2017. Thesis, Saybrook University. Accessed November 19, 2017. http://pqdtopen.proquest.com/#viewpdf?dispub=10287778.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Hall, Carmen L. “Beyond Physical Inclusion| Teaching Skills in the Community to Enhance Social Inclusion.” 2017. Web. 19 Nov 2017.

Vancouver:

Hall CL. Beyond Physical Inclusion| Teaching Skills in the Community to Enhance Social Inclusion. [Internet] [Thesis]. Saybrook University; 2017. [cited 2017 Nov 19]. Available from: http://pqdtopen.proquest.com/#viewpdf?dispub=10287778.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Hall CL. Beyond Physical Inclusion| Teaching Skills in the Community to Enhance Social Inclusion. [Thesis]. Saybrook University; 2017. Available from: http://pqdtopen.proquest.com/#viewpdf?dispub=10287778

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

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