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University of Glasgow

1. Khan, Shaista Irshad. An investigation of the concept of critical thinking in the context of a functional English course in a BEd Degree in Pakistan.

Degree: PhD, 2017, University of Glasgow

The National Education Policy document published in 2009 in Pakistan emphasised that one of the wider goals for teaching and learning at all levels is the need to encourage and develop critical thinking skills. In the literature, these have been conceptualised in terms of a variety of skills many of which relate to evaluation. These skills imply the ability and willingness to ask productive questions related to the material that is being presented. The Higher Education Commission, Pakistan, worked with a team from the United States Agency of International Development (USAID) Teacher Education Project to develop and implement the curricula for a new BEd Honours/ADE (Associate Degree in Education) programme. This has been offered in 22 Universities and 75 Elementary colleges in Pakistan since 2012. Critical thinking is specifically listed as a goal in the generic course outlines as well as in the objectives for the revised BEd/ADE degree. The development and implementation of these planned new approaches to teaching and learning offered an opportunity to explore critical thinking at policy, course development and implementation levels. The revised Functional English course was chosen for this study because it was a compulsory course in BEd/ADE degree, giving access to the entire student teacher cohort. Based on the literature, the working definition of critical thinking adopted for this study is conceptualised as purposeful thinking which is to be seen in skills like analysis and evaluation, weighing arguments, judging the quality of evidence and the credibility of sources. The central feature is the skill and willingness to ask productive questions. Using the working definition as a point of reference, this study explored how undergraduate students and teachers perceived the nature of critical thinking as a concept as well as the set of skills that exemplify critical thinking. The study also examined the likely facilitators and barriers in the development of critical thinking as perceived by students and teachers involved in the course. Another theme that was explored was how the course guidelines were being followed in the context of the development of critical thinking. This study was carried out in two Phases. Phase-I (at the start of the Functional English course) investigated the teaching and learning experiences of the participants in their previous English courses along with their expectations from the Functional English course in the context of critical thinking. Phase-II (at the completion of the Functional English course) explored the participants overall experience of studying Functional English including the extent to which this course met their expectations in terms of learning and their perceptions towards critical thinking skills. The study used a mixed method approach involving questionnaires, student teacher focus groups, teacher interviews in both phases and observation of classes during the course. 140 undergraduates (the entire cohort following the course in Hazara Region) studying Functional…

Subjects/Keywords: L Education (General)

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Khan, S. I. (2017). An investigation of the concept of critical thinking in the context of a functional English course in a BEd Degree in Pakistan. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Glasgow. Retrieved from http://theses.gla.ac.uk/7922/

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Khan, Shaista Irshad. “An investigation of the concept of critical thinking in the context of a functional English course in a BEd Degree in Pakistan.” 2017. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Glasgow. Accessed April 25, 2017. http://theses.gla.ac.uk/7922/.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Khan, Shaista Irshad. “An investigation of the concept of critical thinking in the context of a functional English course in a BEd Degree in Pakistan.” 2017. Web. 25 Apr 2017.

Vancouver:

Khan SI. An investigation of the concept of critical thinking in the context of a functional English course in a BEd Degree in Pakistan. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Glasgow; 2017. [cited 2017 Apr 25]. Available from: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/7922/.

Council of Science Editors:

Khan SI. An investigation of the concept of critical thinking in the context of a functional English course in a BEd Degree in Pakistan. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Glasgow; 2017. Available from: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/7922/

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