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You searched for id:"oai:etd.ohiolink.edu:osu1557140210683552". One record found.

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The Ohio State University

1. Wallace, Laura Emily. Distinguishing perceptions of bias from perceptions of untrustworthiness: Independent perceptions with shared as well as unshared consequences and antecedents.

Degree: PhD, Psychology, 2019, The Ohio State University

Although anecdotally it is quite common to perceive other people as biased, social psychologists have not included bias as a fundamental person perception. The current work conceptually clarifies what it means to perceive another as biased – that they have a skewed perception (Studies 1, 2a, and 2b). It also separates perceptions of bias from untrustworthiness (dishonesty). Further, it highlights that bias may have been overlooked because source vested interest can lead to perceptions of both bias and untrustworthiness (Study 3). Consistent with the notion that bias is skewed perception, several studies examine whether people can infer bias based on the sidedness of a message that a source provides (Studies 4-7). These effects seem to be relatively unique to bias, and depend on the nature of the topic at hand. Finally, I explore consequences of perceiving a source as biased. Source bias has independent negative influences on source credibility (Studies 8-10), suggesting that bias should be included among trustworthiness and expertise as a pillar of source credibility. This negative influence on credibility ultimately reduces the persuasive impact of biased sources (Studies 9a -10). In addition to having independent effects in the same direction as untrustworthiness, perceptions of bias can also have differing effects when the source switches positions (Studies 11-17). People tend to expect biased sources to be more consistent in their position taking than objective sources. However, they do not have this expectation for untrustworthy versus trustworthy sources. As such, people are more surprised when biased sources switch positions, and this can have a positive indirect effect on persuasion. The current studies highlight the importance of considering bias as an independent perception. Although my studies thus far have focused on the persuasion domain, the distinction between bias and untrustworthiness has important implications for other domains of psychology as well, including impression formation and intergroup relations. Advisors/Committee Members: Wegener, Duane (Committee Chair).

Subjects/Keywords: Psychology; persuasion, bias, untrustworthiness, person perception, attitude change, surprise, message sidedness, vested interest, credibility

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Wallace, L. E. (2019). Distinguishing perceptions of bias from perceptions of untrustworthiness: Independent perceptions with shared as well as unshared consequences and antecedents. (Doctoral Dissertation). The Ohio State University. Retrieved from http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1557140210683552

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Wallace, Laura Emily. “Distinguishing perceptions of bias from perceptions of untrustworthiness: Independent perceptions with shared as well as unshared consequences and antecedents.” 2019. Doctoral Dissertation, The Ohio State University. Accessed November 17, 2019. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1557140210683552.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Wallace, Laura Emily. “Distinguishing perceptions of bias from perceptions of untrustworthiness: Independent perceptions with shared as well as unshared consequences and antecedents.” 2019. Web. 17 Nov 2019.

Vancouver:

Wallace LE. Distinguishing perceptions of bias from perceptions of untrustworthiness: Independent perceptions with shared as well as unshared consequences and antecedents. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. The Ohio State University; 2019. [cited 2019 Nov 17]. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1557140210683552.

Council of Science Editors:

Wallace LE. Distinguishing perceptions of bias from perceptions of untrustworthiness: Independent perceptions with shared as well as unshared consequences and antecedents. [Doctoral Dissertation]. The Ohio State University; 2019. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1557140210683552

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