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The Ohio State University

1. Treat, Nicholas. Xiwu yu Wudao: Wushu yu Daojia ji Shijia SixiangThe Learning of Marital Arts and Daoist and Buddhist Thought.

Degree: MA, East Asian Languages and Literatures, 2019, The Ohio State University

This study seeks to reinvigorate the combination of martial arts and the traditional Chinese philosophies under which they developed, with an emphasis less on the historical, foundational, and similar relationships which I will here describe as “arbitrary,” and more on how the ideologies of Chinese philosophy, namely Buddhism and Daoism, can be of practical benefit to the martial artist in their practice. Furthermore, the author would like to demonstrate that all styles of martial arts, regardless of where they were developed or during which period of time they came to be, can all enjoy in the practical benefit of Buddhist and Daoist philosophies. This thesis begins with an account of the ways in which Daoism can be of benefit to the practice of martial arts, with focus on understanding empty space, the potential of change in that space, and how to react to that potential of change. The author goes on to expound on how Buddhist psychology and world view can allow the martial artist to respond to change with the characteristics of insight and without the hinderances of perception and bias. The author in this section also includes an explanation of the Buddhist account of how what change is founded on. The more conjectural aspect of the paper culminates in a possible method of utilizing the results of the aforementioned relationships in the practice of martial arts.Additionally, the author conducted a survey of modern Chinese martial art students to determine to what extent traditional Chinese philosophy is still a factor in Chinese martial arts today. The results of the survey determined that modern Chinese martial arts students, so long as they think that traditional Chinese philosophy is useful, and are searching for an external factor that may be of benefit to their practice, believe that Buddhism or Daoism would be useful to their practice, although very few have studied the relationship. This result is indicative of the entire study: both Buddhism and Daoism, to some extent, maintain that understanding of intrinsic and objective truths are both subjective experiences, with the main focus of both being a change in how one thinks. Both Buddhism and Daoism are transformative philosophies and religions, and martial arts is a transformative practice as well. Regardless of whether the relationships between Buddhism, Daoism, and martial arts are as described in this paper, belief in them is of immense benefit to the martial artist. At the very least, it can be said that conceptualization of something is always superior than the lack thereof. Advisors/Committee Members: Walker, Galal (Committee Chair), Jian, Xiaobin (Advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Asian Literature; Asian Studies; Philosophy; Physical Education; Religion

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APA (6th Edition):

Treat, N. (2019). Xiwu yu Wudao: Wushu yu Daojia ji Shijia SixiangThe Learning of Marital Arts and Daoist and Buddhist Thought. (Masters Thesis). The Ohio State University. Retrieved from http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1555390221952377

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Treat, Nicholas. “Xiwu yu Wudao: Wushu yu Daojia ji Shijia SixiangThe Learning of Marital Arts and Daoist and Buddhist Thought.” 2019. Masters Thesis, The Ohio State University. Accessed September 21, 2019. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1555390221952377.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Treat, Nicholas. “Xiwu yu Wudao: Wushu yu Daojia ji Shijia SixiangThe Learning of Marital Arts and Daoist and Buddhist Thought.” 2019. Web. 21 Sep 2019.

Vancouver:

Treat N. Xiwu yu Wudao: Wushu yu Daojia ji Shijia SixiangThe Learning of Marital Arts and Daoist and Buddhist Thought. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. The Ohio State University; 2019. [cited 2019 Sep 21]. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1555390221952377.

Council of Science Editors:

Treat N. Xiwu yu Wudao: Wushu yu Daojia ji Shijia SixiangThe Learning of Marital Arts and Daoist and Buddhist Thought. [Masters Thesis]. The Ohio State University; 2019. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1555390221952377

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