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1. Custer, Sharon Lilah. Promoting Change: A Review of Seclusion and Restraint Data in an Alternative Education Setting.

Degree: PhD, Educational Leadership, 2019, Miami University

This study examined 685 incident reports involving 69 different students from an Ohio behaviorally-based alternative school in order to better understand the patterns and trends associated with seclusion and/or restraint occurrences during the 2017-18 school year. Recognizing the physical and psychological risks involved with restraint and seclusion episodes, administrators from the program solicited assistance to review the associations between use of seclusion and/or restraint and incident locations, schedules and timing, students’ activities, antecedent behaviors leading up to a crisis event, and staff’s responses while attempting to de-escalate a student. Data analyses suggested that (a) seclusion and/or restraint was used in approximately one-third of incidents for behaviors deemed by the researcher to be non-dangerous, (b) similar patterns of staff’s de-escalation procedures were used regardless of the type of students’ presenting antecedent behaviors, (c) more incidents of seclusion and/or restraint occurred in the afternoon, when students have more unstructured time, (d) despite the first quarter of the school year having fewer days than the other quarters, there were more seclusion and/or restraint incidents reported during this time as students and staff may be adjusting to new expectations and behavior patterns, and (e) when looking at the proportion of how many minutes are spent in different locations throughout the day, students are more likely to be secluded or restrained in the hallway, gym, or playground compared to the classroom where noise levels and other stimulating factors are elevated and activities are less structured. Despite the limitations of the study, recommendations from these findings can inform staff training, procedural modifications, scheduling considerations, and incident reporting. Advisors/Committee Members: Noltemeyer, Amity (Committee Co-Chair), Klatt, Suzanne (Committee Co-Chair).

Subjects/Keywords: Educational Leadership; seclusion; restraint; alternative education

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Custer, S. L. (2019). Promoting Change: A Review of Seclusion and Restraint Data in an Alternative Education Setting. (Doctoral Dissertation). Miami University. Retrieved from http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=miami1562020273861986

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Custer, Sharon Lilah. “Promoting Change: A Review of Seclusion and Restraint Data in an Alternative Education Setting.” 2019. Doctoral Dissertation, Miami University. Accessed July 20, 2019. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=miami1562020273861986.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Custer, Sharon Lilah. “Promoting Change: A Review of Seclusion and Restraint Data in an Alternative Education Setting.” 2019. Web. 20 Jul 2019.

Vancouver:

Custer SL. Promoting Change: A Review of Seclusion and Restraint Data in an Alternative Education Setting. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Miami University; 2019. [cited 2019 Jul 20]. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=miami1562020273861986.

Council of Science Editors:

Custer SL. Promoting Change: A Review of Seclusion and Restraint Data in an Alternative Education Setting. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Miami University; 2019. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=miami1562020273861986

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