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Kent State University

1. Dyne, Matthew Aaron. Drivers of Land Cover Change via Deforestation in Selected Post-Soviet Russian Cities.

Degree: MA, College of Arts and Sciences / Department of Geography, 2019, Kent State University

Deforestation is a major driver of global climate change and the causes and consequences of deforestation are largely societal. Forested areas in the Russian Federation have a particularly important role, mainly due to the size, location, and growth periods of the boreal, coniferous, and deciduous forests. Understanding the causes of deforestation also requires a comprehension of the changes that have occurred since the collapse of the Soviet Union. In the nearly twenty-five years, which have passed since the dissolution of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), a number of political, economic, and social dynamics have changed the landscape of the country both physically and institutionally. Two Russian cities, Moscow and Vladivostok, will serve as comparative case studies of the human environment dynamics across different natural environments, economic industries, and population centers in the country. In order to assess how human dimensions like urban expansion, supply and demand, and national/regional forest sector legislation have influenced land cover change; a mixed methods investigation is deployed. The investigation depends on both spatial evidence of land cover changes via remote sensing and analysis of human drivers such as policy, markets, and agriculture. Landsat images will be analyzed using normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and other classification queries. Content analysis of national forest policy will also serve to bolster where and why deforestation occurred. It is expected that deforestation is an outcome of complex social processes and in most cases the drivers of land cover change are multi-dimensional and require moving beyond analysis of single causal mechanisms such as urban expansion through the clearing of forested land. In other words, deforestation is not simply driven by proximate causes such as the cutting down of trees for usage elsewhere or the opening of new land for use. The clearing of forests in Russia is one case where more distal causes of deforestation are hidden within the history and policies of the past. These policies have implications in the present and relationship between post-soviet human-environment systems dynamics, which may shed light on the future of an environmental region that has a part in our climatic future at a global scale. Advisors/Committee Members: Tyner, James (Advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Geography; Russia; Post-Soviet; Deforestation; Remote Sensing; Forestry; Landsat; Moscow; Vladivostok; Lease; Environment; City; Land Cover Change

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Dyne, M. A. (2019). Drivers of Land Cover Change via Deforestation in Selected Post-Soviet Russian Cities. (Masters Thesis). Kent State University. Retrieved from http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=kent1550616624452609

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Dyne, Matthew Aaron. “Drivers of Land Cover Change via Deforestation in Selected Post-Soviet Russian Cities.” 2019. Masters Thesis, Kent State University. Accessed March 20, 2019. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=kent1550616624452609.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Dyne, Matthew Aaron. “Drivers of Land Cover Change via Deforestation in Selected Post-Soviet Russian Cities.” 2019. Web. 20 Mar 2019.

Vancouver:

Dyne MA. Drivers of Land Cover Change via Deforestation in Selected Post-Soviet Russian Cities. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Kent State University; 2019. [cited 2019 Mar 20]. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=kent1550616624452609.

Council of Science Editors:

Dyne MA. Drivers of Land Cover Change via Deforestation in Selected Post-Soviet Russian Cities. [Masters Thesis]. Kent State University; 2019. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=kent1550616624452609

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