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Case Western Reserve University

1. Slaton, LaVonne. STEM ENTREPRENEURS:EDUCATING SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING AND MATHEMATICS (STEM) UNDERREPRESENTED MINORITIES (URM) AND NON-MINORITIES FOR JOB SATISFACTION AND CAREER SUCCESSSTEM Entrepreneurs Educating for Job Satisfaction and Career Success.

Degree: PhD, Management, 2018, Case Western Reserve University

There is a dearth of literature on STEM-educated self-employed or entrepreneurs, so this dissertation is a contribution to education, and Entrepreneurship theory and practice. The dissertation includes four studies to identify common career blueprints that individuals pursued to gain career success and job satisfaction to flourish. This mixed-methods qualitative, quantitative and quantitative-qualitative research examines what experiences effectively prepare STEM-educated majority and underrepresented minority students (URM) for the workforce when 74% of STEM-educated individuals are not employed in STEM fields (U.S. Census Bureau, 2014). Half of all majority white STEM degree holders go into a STEM job, but the likelihood is lower than 30% among underrepresented minority (URM) workers (ESA, 2011). These statistics point to the importance of educating URM STEM students with skills beyond a STEM degree to achieve career success and job satisfaction. This is concerning when government funding is focused on increasing U.S. STEM-educated in STEM fields. Study 1 is a qualitative study consisting of interviews with 38 individuals including 22 underrepresented minorities (URM) and 8 counselors whose insights were used to explore their definition and experiences of career success, education, transition into the workforce, diversity, workforce experience, and what fostered or hindered their career success. The study examines how individual experiences influence career success. The research revealed five characteristics common to career success: intrinsic satisfaction, the illusion that individuals can achieve career success based on their education alone, vocational experience, supportive guidance, and the presence of a personal champion. The research also suggests a need to educate individuals about the reality of the challenges of achieving successful careers and improvement in the career counseling process. Quantitative Study 2 focuses on job satisfaction of URM with a Bachelor’s degree in STEM fields to determine if taking courses education, job-related training, research development and design work activity and self-employed entrepreneurship have a positive impact on job satisfaction. The data for this quantitative study is from the 2013 National Survey of College Graduates (NSCG) administrated by the National Science Foundation (NSF) using a random sample of 500 individuals in STEM fields. The key findings are that for STEM-educated individuals, taking college courses is negatively correlated with job satisfaction for both minorities and non-minorities, but self-employment and training improves this relationship. The relationship between work activity of research, development and design and work-related training have a positive impact on job satisfaction. These findings confirm that there is an illusion that STEM education will result in job satisfaction and success of URM which was found in the qualitative research.Studies 3A and 3B include a quantitative and qualitative mixed methods study which triangulates around… Advisors/Committee Members: Salipante, Jr., Paul F. (Committee Chair).

Subjects/Keywords: Entrepreneurship; Business Education; Science Education; Technology; Engineering; Mathematics; Minority and Ethnic Groups; Education; education; educational institutions; educators; work activity; training; job satisfaction; career success; self-employed; entrepreneurs; flourishing; science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, STEM; underrepresented minorities, URM, STEM

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Slaton, L. (2018). STEM ENTREPRENEURS:EDUCATING SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING AND MATHEMATICS (STEM) UNDERREPRESENTED MINORITIES (URM) AND NON-MINORITIES FOR JOB SATISFACTION AND CAREER SUCCESSSTEM Entrepreneurs Educating for Job Satisfaction and Career Success. (Doctoral Dissertation). Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved from http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=case1522675787168487

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Slaton, LaVonne. “STEM ENTREPRENEURS:EDUCATING SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING AND MATHEMATICS (STEM) UNDERREPRESENTED MINORITIES (URM) AND NON-MINORITIES FOR JOB SATISFACTION AND CAREER SUCCESSSTEM Entrepreneurs Educating for Job Satisfaction and Career Success.” 2018. Doctoral Dissertation, Case Western Reserve University. Accessed September 21, 2018. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=case1522675787168487.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Slaton, LaVonne. “STEM ENTREPRENEURS:EDUCATING SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING AND MATHEMATICS (STEM) UNDERREPRESENTED MINORITIES (URM) AND NON-MINORITIES FOR JOB SATISFACTION AND CAREER SUCCESSSTEM Entrepreneurs Educating for Job Satisfaction and Career Success.” 2018. Web. 21 Sep 2018.

Vancouver:

Slaton L. STEM ENTREPRENEURS:EDUCATING SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING AND MATHEMATICS (STEM) UNDERREPRESENTED MINORITIES (URM) AND NON-MINORITIES FOR JOB SATISFACTION AND CAREER SUCCESSSTEM Entrepreneurs Educating for Job Satisfaction and Career Success. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Case Western Reserve University; 2018. [cited 2018 Sep 21]. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=case1522675787168487.

Council of Science Editors:

Slaton L. STEM ENTREPRENEURS:EDUCATING SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING AND MATHEMATICS (STEM) UNDERREPRESENTED MINORITIES (URM) AND NON-MINORITIES FOR JOB SATISFACTION AND CAREER SUCCESSSTEM Entrepreneurs Educating for Job Satisfaction and Career Success. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Case Western Reserve University; 2018. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=case1522675787168487

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