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You searched for id:"oai:etd.ohiolink.edu:case1499463442029744". One record found.

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1. Rice, Heather Marie. Neighborhood Disorganization, Social Support, Substance Use and Functioning amongst Adolescents: An Analysis of the Ohio Behavioral Health Juvenile Justice Initiative.

Degree: PhD, Nursing, 2017, Case Western Reserve University

Juvenile delinquency is a serious public health concern that places adolescents at risk for poor academic performance, violence, aggression and teen pregnancy. Approximately 70% of juveniles in the United States legal system also struggle with some form of mental health or substance abuse disorder and most juvenile courts are ill-equipped to manage these adolescent’s complex needs. Diversion programs provide an alternative to the formal court processing and redirect offenders through programming, supervision and intensive family therapy. The purpose of this study was to develop a path model examining the relationships and identifying whether neighborhood disorganization, social support, substance use and depressive symptoms were predictors of functioning in a sample of adolescents involved in the juvenile justice system. The study also determined whether social support mediated the relationship between neighborhood disorganization and functioning and neighborhood disorganization and substance use. This project is guided by Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Transactional Theory of Human Behavior and focuses on key factors nested within the microsystem (functioning, substance use), mesosystem (social support) and exosystem (neighborhood disorganization). This descriptive correlational study is a secondary analysis of the Ohio Behavioral Health Juvenile Justice Initiative (BHJJ), a diversion program for 10-18 year old delinquents with mental health issues and behavioral problems. The subsample (n=408) was comprised of Ohio youth who completed the Youth Information Questionnaire (YIQ) at intake between 2006-2007. The sample was primarily white, male with a mean age of 15 years old. Measures included: Substance-Use Survey-Revised (ever trying tobacco, alcohol or marijuana), Youth Information Questionnaire (social support), Ohio Youth Problem, Functioning and Satisfaction Scale (functional capacity), Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (depressive symptoms) and neighborhood disorganization (levels of neighborhood disorder at the zip code level). Parental social support was the strongest predictor of functioning followed by race, age and ever-trying marijuana. Parental and peer social support were not found to be mediators between neighborhood disorganization and functioning and neighborhood disorganization and substance use. Nurses have a unique opportunity to provide comprehensive assessments that identify these youth early, provide health education and evidence-based interventions that encourage parental engagement and social support. Advisors/Committee Members: Musil, Carol (Committee Chair).

Subjects/Keywords: Nursing; Mental Health; Health Care; Adolescents; Mental Health; Juvenile Justice; Social Support; Substance Use; Functioning

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APA (6th Edition):

Rice, H. M. (2017). Neighborhood Disorganization, Social Support, Substance Use and Functioning amongst Adolescents: An Analysis of the Ohio Behavioral Health Juvenile Justice Initiative. (Doctoral Dissertation). Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved from http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=case1499463442029744

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Rice, Heather Marie. “Neighborhood Disorganization, Social Support, Substance Use and Functioning amongst Adolescents: An Analysis of the Ohio Behavioral Health Juvenile Justice Initiative.” 2017. Doctoral Dissertation, Case Western Reserve University. Accessed September 20, 2017. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=case1499463442029744.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Rice, Heather Marie. “Neighborhood Disorganization, Social Support, Substance Use and Functioning amongst Adolescents: An Analysis of the Ohio Behavioral Health Juvenile Justice Initiative.” 2017. Web. 20 Sep 2017.

Vancouver:

Rice HM. Neighborhood Disorganization, Social Support, Substance Use and Functioning amongst Adolescents: An Analysis of the Ohio Behavioral Health Juvenile Justice Initiative. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Case Western Reserve University; 2017. [cited 2017 Sep 20]. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=case1499463442029744.

Council of Science Editors:

Rice HM. Neighborhood Disorganization, Social Support, Substance Use and Functioning amongst Adolescents: An Analysis of the Ohio Behavioral Health Juvenile Justice Initiative. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Case Western Reserve University; 2017. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=case1499463442029744

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