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Bowling Green State University

1. Li, Linda S. Investigating Students' Perceptions and Achievement in a Traditional Versus Online Statistics Course.

Degree: MA, Mathematics/Mathematics (Pure), 2020, Bowling Green State University

Most higher-ed institutions offer an Introduction to Statistics course as a general mathematics course. Students from a variety of career fields are taking this course as part of their generaleducation requirement; however, through technological advancements, the course is now mademore accessible for students by offering classes both in a traditional lecture style and a distancelearning setting. There is existing research documenting the benefits and drawbacks of distancelearning classrooms, but this study further investigates how students at a four year institution learnmathematics in both academic settings. The study took place over one semester, and it includedall students who were enrolled in a first-year statistics course at a Midwestern public University.They were given an electronic questionnaire, which included three sections - student demographics, content knowledge, and attitudes. These three categories were analyzed and cross-comparedbetween the traditional setting classroom and distance learning classes.Student demographics were evaluated based on student responses on the pre-post surveys. Academic achievement was measured by students’ grade distribution, retention rates, and pre-postsurvey responses in the traditional and online sections. For each category under academic achievement, a two-proportion z-test was performed and analyzed in order to determine whether studentperformances in the traditional and online classes had a significant difference. Student attitudeswere measured by the attitudes portion of the pre-post survey along with coded open-ended responses provided by students in the post-survey. A chi-square test for independence was used toconclude whether student attitudes were associated with their course format along with whetherstudent attitudes were associated to the pre- or post-survey.Student demographics in the study were similar to existing literature, with students from theonline sections having more out-of-school obligations. Additionally, students in the online sections all expected to complete the course with an A or B, even though the data comparison showedstudents in the online sections may be less motivated than students in the traditional format. Results from the statistical tests found notable differences in student demographics, retention rates, learning outcomes, attitudes, and common themes in the open-ended responses. Results from thetwo-proportion z-test found no significance between course format and learning outcomes basedon the survey; however, students in the traditional sections exhibited significant improvement incourse content from the pre to the post-survey whereas no significant difference was found in theonline sections. Results from the chi-square test for independence found a significant association inattitude between course format and their views towards online/in-person learning. The open-endedresponses echoed their attitudes with common themes behind why they chose the course formatand their future selection. Based on the gathered quantitative and… Advisors/Committee Members: Rogers, Kimberly (Advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Mathematics; Mathematics Education; mathematics; education; statistics; online; learning

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Li, L. S. (2020). Investigating Students' Perceptions and Achievement in a Traditional Versus Online Statistics Course. (Masters Thesis). Bowling Green State University. Retrieved from http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=bgsu1586540082366323

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Li, Linda S. “Investigating Students' Perceptions and Achievement in a Traditional Versus Online Statistics Course.” 2020. Masters Thesis, Bowling Green State University. Accessed June 01, 2020. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=bgsu1586540082366323.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Li, Linda S. “Investigating Students' Perceptions and Achievement in a Traditional Versus Online Statistics Course.” 2020. Web. 01 Jun 2020.

Vancouver:

Li LS. Investigating Students' Perceptions and Achievement in a Traditional Versus Online Statistics Course. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Bowling Green State University; 2020. [cited 2020 Jun 01]. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=bgsu1586540082366323.

Council of Science Editors:

Li LS. Investigating Students' Perceptions and Achievement in a Traditional Versus Online Statistics Course. [Masters Thesis]. Bowling Green State University; 2020. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=bgsu1586540082366323

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