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University of Queensland

1. Piggott-McKellar, Annah. Assessing the effectiveness of planned adaptation in rural Pacific Island communities: case studies from Fiji and Kiribati.

Degree: School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 2020, University of Queensland

Rural coastal communities in Pacific Island Countries (PICs) are amongst the world’s most vulnerable to climate change. This is due to a combination of both high physical exposure (from sea-level rise, increasingly intensified storm surges, tidal inundation, and coastal erosion) as well as a range of underlying social, cultural, historical, economic, and physical factors that generate and drive vulnerability. As such, a plethora of adaptation projects intended to assist such communities in reducing their vulnerability to experienced and future climate change impacts have emerged, with the Pacific Region receiving the highest per capita climate aid globally. Owing to the inadequacies of traditional top-down approaches in achieving successful outcomes for communities, projects implemented at the community level, known commonly as community-based adaptation (CBA) and seen as a bottom-up approach, have been increasingly implemented. Yet, if such projects have been effective in reducing the vulnerability of targeted groups remains equivocal owing in part to the limited (yet growing) empirical case study material.This thesis aims to better understand if community adaptation projects implemented in rural coastal communities in PICs have been successful in providing sustained outcomes and benefits, and further provide insights into how adaptation can be improved in the future. This is achieved through a review of CBA projects published in the grey literature (Chapter 2.0), and three in-depth qualitative case studies across the tripartite of adaptation responses: retreat, protect, and accommodate from communities in both Fiji and Kiribati (Chapter 3.0, 4.0, and 5.0). In total, 16 focus groups (FGs) and 41 interviews were undertaken with a total of 205 participants.First, a review of CBA grey literature is undertaken to gain a snapshot of CBA initiatives globally and explore the main barriers to adaptation success. The grey literature reviewed included reports undertaken by donors, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), and international NGOs (INGOs). These reports hold a wealth of information on, and lessons about, CBA as these are the organisations often responsible for implementing and reporting on projects. In undertaking this review it was found that the most common barriers to adaptation success were cognitive and behavioural. These barriers reveal limited interest by community members in CBA projects, as well as projects not being in line with the social and cultural views of target communities. This raises questions about the usefulness and role of CBA in reducing people’s vulnerability to climate change impacts in future adaptation efforts. Further, this review detailed the need for evaluation of adaptation from the perspective of those adaptation has been implemented to assist – that of the community.Next, this thesis contributes to the dearth of in-depth case studies, especially those evaluating adaptation from community perspectives. This is achieved through providing an in-depth case study across each of the…

Subjects/Keywords: Climate change; Adaptation; Pacific Islands; Community; Sea level rise; Vulnerability; Adaptive capacity; Rural; Livelihoods; Intersectionality; 1604 Human Geography

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APA (6th Edition):

Piggott-McKellar, A. (2020). Assessing the effectiveness of planned adaptation in rural Pacific Island communities: case studies from Fiji and Kiribati. (Thesis). University of Queensland. Retrieved from http://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:5

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Piggott-McKellar, Annah. “Assessing the effectiveness of planned adaptation in rural Pacific Island communities: case studies from Fiji and Kiribati.” 2020. Thesis, University of Queensland. Accessed April 09, 2020. http://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:5.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Piggott-McKellar, Annah. “Assessing the effectiveness of planned adaptation in rural Pacific Island communities: case studies from Fiji and Kiribati.” 2020. Web. 09 Apr 2020.

Vancouver:

Piggott-McKellar A. Assessing the effectiveness of planned adaptation in rural Pacific Island communities: case studies from Fiji and Kiribati. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Queensland; 2020. [cited 2020 Apr 09]. Available from: http://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:5.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Piggott-McKellar A. Assessing the effectiveness of planned adaptation in rural Pacific Island communities: case studies from Fiji and Kiribati. [Thesis]. University of Queensland; 2020. Available from: http://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:5

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

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