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You searched for id:"oai:d-scholarship.pitt.edu:34102". One record found.

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University of Pittsburgh

1. Rangachar Srinivasa, Vatsala. Clostridium difficile infection spread within the hospital environment.

Degree: 2018, University of Pittsburgh

Background: Clostridium difficile Infection (CDI) is one of the leading causes of hospital-associated infections (HAIs) and accounts for nearly half a million infections in the United States (2015). It was associated with approximately 29,000 deaths nationwide in 2011. This study focusses on the role of the environment in the spread of CDI within a hospital in a non-outbreak setting. Statement of public health significance: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) classifies CDI threat rate as five, which requires urgent and aggressive public health action, because CDI is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Also, the hospitalization costs associated with CDI increase by over 50%. Method: This study was conducted at a 495- bed academic University-affiliated single center. The first step includes the performance of bed tracing on all positive CDI admitted patients in the year 2016. The second step included the collection of environmental cultures of the immediate patient surrounding shared devices and floors to identify lapses in environmental cleaning. Aerobic environmental cultures were performed for CDI followed by Gram stain and anaerobic confirmatory culture. Both biochemical and molecular testing was used to confirm Clostridium difficile (CD) presence. Results: Bed tracing was performed for 115 hospital-associated (HA)- and 96 community-associated (CA)- CDI patients. Initial analysis between HA-CDI and CA-CDI revealed that the length of stay was significantly longer in HA-CDIs. However, readmission and recurrence were significantly higher in CA-CDIs. Bed-tracing showed a limited list of high burden rooms. Environmental Cultures revealed only 2 out of 81 surfaces, 14 out of 28 floors & 3 out of 20 wheelchairs as positive for CD spores. None of these patients’ rooms had active CDI patients. Conclusion: Bed tracing and environmental culturing are important public health tools for recognizing rooms with high density of CDI and are particularly important in outbreak settings or any increase in incidence. Shared devices (such as wheel chairs) and floors of patients’ rooms could serve as a reservoir for CD spores. Routine monitoring of disinfection adequacy of shared devices and floors is an important step to assure a safe patient environment.

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Rangachar Srinivasa, V. (2018). Clostridium difficile infection spread within the hospital environment. (Thesis). University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved from http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/34102/1/RangacharSrinivasa_Vatsala_MPH_Apr_2018.pdf ; http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/34102/

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Rangachar Srinivasa, Vatsala. “Clostridium difficile infection spread within the hospital environment.” 2018. Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. Accessed July 17, 2018. http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/34102/1/RangacharSrinivasa_Vatsala_MPH_Apr_2018.pdf ; http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/34102/.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Rangachar Srinivasa, Vatsala. “Clostridium difficile infection spread within the hospital environment.” 2018. Web. 17 Jul 2018.

Vancouver:

Rangachar Srinivasa V. Clostridium difficile infection spread within the hospital environment. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Pittsburgh; 2018. [cited 2018 Jul 17]. Available from: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/34102/1/RangacharSrinivasa_Vatsala_MPH_Apr_2018.pdf ; http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/34102/.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Rangachar Srinivasa V. Clostridium difficile infection spread within the hospital environment. [Thesis]. University of Pittsburgh; 2018. Available from: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/34102/1/RangacharSrinivasa_Vatsala_MPH_Apr_2018.pdf ; http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/34102/

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

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