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Vanderbilt University

1. Hubbard, Justin Wade. âYou Canât Fool the P Testâ: American Science, the Department of Defense, and the Unlikely Invention of the War on Drugs, 1945-1980.

Degree: PhD, History, 2019, Vanderbilt University

The following dissertation examines how the US Army created and utilized new technologies to address the problem of heroin abuse in the late 1960s and early 1970s. It tracks the creation and implementation of urine drug testing, narcotics-detector dogs, methadone detox and in-patient rehab, and a handful of information technologies, including drug-use surveys and crime-data processing. There are three arguments. First, the militaryâs role in influencing and predicting new trends in drug control goes much earlier and deeper than âVietnam, 1971,â as others have supposed, and that interest was also rooted in a midcentury optimism about the potential of defense research to improve the military and American society writ large. Second, the solutions that the military created and the technologies that its members deployed shaped the imaginations of anti-drug proponents about the boundaries of what was possible or justifiable vis a vis drug control and science, and imposed limitations on the same. Third, despite the promise of new technologies to expand drug war and disparate cases of success therein, social, political, and technical conflicts constantly undercut their use, leaving the record of the militaryâs influence on drug control more technically, ethically, and politically ambiguous than we have supposed. Advisors/Committee Members: Arleen Tuchman (chair), Sarah Igo (committee member), Laura Stark (committee member), Caroline Jean Acker (committee member), Nancy Campbell (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: scientism; experimentation; social science; vietnam war; drug control

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APA (6th Edition):

Hubbard, J. W. (2019). âYou Canât Fool the P Testâ: American Science, the Department of Defense, and the Unlikely Invention of the War on Drugs, 1945-1980. (Doctoral Dissertation). Vanderbilt University. Retrieved from http://etd.library.vanderbilt.edu/available/etd-08182019-115506/ ;

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Hubbard, Justin Wade. “âYou Canât Fool the P Testâ: American Science, the Department of Defense, and the Unlikely Invention of the War on Drugs, 1945-1980.” 2019. Doctoral Dissertation, Vanderbilt University. Accessed September 19, 2019. http://etd.library.vanderbilt.edu/available/etd-08182019-115506/ ;.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Hubbard, Justin Wade. “âYou Canât Fool the P Testâ: American Science, the Department of Defense, and the Unlikely Invention of the War on Drugs, 1945-1980.” 2019. Web. 19 Sep 2019.

Vancouver:

Hubbard JW. âYou Canât Fool the P Testâ: American Science, the Department of Defense, and the Unlikely Invention of the War on Drugs, 1945-1980. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Vanderbilt University; 2019. [cited 2019 Sep 19]. Available from: http://etd.library.vanderbilt.edu/available/etd-08182019-115506/ ;.

Council of Science Editors:

Hubbard JW. âYou Canât Fool the P Testâ: American Science, the Department of Defense, and the Unlikely Invention of the War on Drugs, 1945-1980. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Vanderbilt University; 2019. Available from: http://etd.library.vanderbilt.edu/available/etd-08182019-115506/ ;

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