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Leiden University

1. Zhou, Jiayun. Meaning and Function of Modal particle A.

Degree: 2018, Leiden University

Mandarin Chinese has a grammatical category that contains what is generally called yǔqìcí (语气词), a term that is translated into English as ‘modal particles,’ ‘mood particles,’ or ‘emotional particles.’ These particles primarily appear at the end of sentences and are often regarded as modifying a whole sentence rather than its linguistic unit; therefore, they are also known as ‘sentence-final particles’ or ‘sentence particles.’ Considering the high frequency of such particles in spoken Chinese than in written Chinese, Luke (1990) and Chu (2002) also refer to the term as ‘utterance particles’ or ‘utterance-final particles.’ Advisors/Committee Members: Sybesma, Rint (advisor).

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APA (6th Edition):

Zhou, J. (2018). Meaning and Function of Modal particle A. (Masters Thesis). Leiden University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1887/65369

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Zhou, Jiayun. “Meaning and Function of Modal particle A.” 2018. Masters Thesis, Leiden University. Accessed November 13, 2018. http://hdl.handle.net/1887/65369.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Zhou, Jiayun. “Meaning and Function of Modal particle A.” 2018. Web. 13 Nov 2018.

Vancouver:

Zhou J. Meaning and Function of Modal particle A. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Leiden University; 2018. [cited 2018 Nov 13]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/65369.

Council of Science Editors:

Zhou J. Meaning and Function of Modal particle A. [Masters Thesis]. Leiden University; 2018. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/65369

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