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Leiden University

1. Massot, A.K.J.M. Socio-political changes, confessionalization, and inter-confessional relations in Ottoman Damascus from 1760 to 1860.

Degree: 2021, Leiden University

This thesis analyzes the relation between socio-political changes and inter-confessional relations in Ottoman Damascus from 1760 to 1860. Through a cross-reading of contemporary chronicles, Ottoman archives, French and British consular archives, court records, as well as missionary archives, this research explores how religious communities were imagined and constructed in the context of the social, political, and economic transformations of the late 18th century and the early 19th century Tanzimat period, and how it affected inter-confessional relations. On the one hand, the traditional interpretation of the history of Bilād al-Šām in the 19th century based upon an essentialist reading of inter-confessional relations and violence relied upon the narrative of ancient and enduring hatred between religious groups. On the other hand, the social history reading minimizes the role of religious in these dynamics. This study reintroduces the religious factor, but through a social science analysis. It adopts a diachronic approach to study the interaction between long term developments within communities and short term socio-political reforms of the 19th century. It brings to light the relation between the internal transformation of communities and inter-confessional relations. First, this thesis analyzes the development of confessional cultures among Greek Catholics, Jews and Muslims. Then, it points to the politicization of religious identifications in the 19th century through the transformations of state-society relations, foreign intervention, power struggles for access to urban and rural resources, and the reconstruction of the hierarchies of the non-Muslim communities through the institutionalization of the millet system. Advisors/Committee Members: Heyberger, B., Zurcher, E., Nalbantian, T., Berger, M., Bouquet, O., Murre-van den Berg, H., Sanchez, K., Leiden University.

Subjects/Keywords: Socio-political Changes; Tanzimat Reforms; Ottoman Syria; Inter-confessional relations; Community-building; Religious identifications

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APA (6th Edition):

Massot, A. K. J. M. (2021). Socio-political changes, confessionalization, and inter-confessional relations in Ottoman Damascus from 1760 to 1860. (Doctoral Dissertation). Leiden University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1887/3134736

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Massot, A K J M. “Socio-political changes, confessionalization, and inter-confessional relations in Ottoman Damascus from 1760 to 1860.” 2021. Doctoral Dissertation, Leiden University. Accessed April 22, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/1887/3134736.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Massot, A K J M. “Socio-political changes, confessionalization, and inter-confessional relations in Ottoman Damascus from 1760 to 1860.” 2021. Web. 22 Apr 2021.

Vancouver:

Massot AKJM. Socio-political changes, confessionalization, and inter-confessional relations in Ottoman Damascus from 1760 to 1860. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Leiden University; 2021. [cited 2021 Apr 22]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/3134736.

Council of Science Editors:

Massot AKJM. Socio-political changes, confessionalization, and inter-confessional relations in Ottoman Damascus from 1760 to 1860. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Leiden University; 2021. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/3134736

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