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Leiden University

1. Tona, K. Investigating the human locus coeruleus-norepinephrine system in vivo: discussions on the anatomy, involvement in cognition and clinical applications.

Degree: 2020, Leiden University

The locus coeruleus, a small brainstem nucleus, is the main source of the chemical norepineprine in the brain and is involved in a number of cognitive functions as well as several neurological and psychiatric disorders. In this dissertation we study the human LC-NE system, the anatomy of this tiny brainstem nucleus and the involvement of the LC-NE system in stress, arousal, cognitive flexibility and physiology (hormones & pupil responses). To date, the LC-NE system has been studied in animals or ex vivo (dead donors). This dissertation is among the first ones to study and visualize the LC-NE system in humans in vivo (alive volunteers) and to approach the human cognition and the study of the LC-NE system in a holistic manner: from central neuromodulators to hormones that are secreted in the body, from anatomy to physiology and cognition. To this end, all chapters were written by taking into consideration theoretical knowledge about the LC-NE system with regard to brain anatomy, cognitive functions, neuromodulation, physiological responses, and clinical applications. Chapters 2 and 3 deal mainly with the anatomy of the LC, while Chapters 4, 5 and 6 concentrate on cognition and human physiology. Additionally Chapters 5 and 6 take also a clinical approach. Advisors/Committee Members: Supervisor: Nieuwenhuis S.T., Forstmann B.U..

Subjects/Keywords: Locus coeruleus; Norepinephrine; Noradrenaline; tVNS; Stress; Arousal; Task switching; 7T MRI; Locus coeruleus; Norepinephrine; Noradrenaline; tVNS; Stress; Arousal; Task switching; 7T MRI

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Tona, K. (2020). Investigating the human locus coeruleus-norepinephrine system in vivo: discussions on the anatomy, involvement in cognition and clinical applications. (Doctoral Dissertation). Leiden University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1887/136524

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Tona, K. “Investigating the human locus coeruleus-norepinephrine system in vivo: discussions on the anatomy, involvement in cognition and clinical applications.” 2020. Doctoral Dissertation, Leiden University. Accessed September 20, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/1887/136524.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Tona, K. “Investigating the human locus coeruleus-norepinephrine system in vivo: discussions on the anatomy, involvement in cognition and clinical applications.” 2020. Web. 20 Sep 2020.

Vancouver:

Tona K. Investigating the human locus coeruleus-norepinephrine system in vivo: discussions on the anatomy, involvement in cognition and clinical applications. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Leiden University; 2020. [cited 2020 Sep 20]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/136524.

Council of Science Editors:

Tona K. Investigating the human locus coeruleus-norepinephrine system in vivo: discussions on the anatomy, involvement in cognition and clinical applications. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Leiden University; 2020. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/136524

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