EVALUATING THE IMPACTS OF EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS ON THE INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT OR CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IN ONTARIO.
Degree: MSc, 2020, McMaster University
In Canada, construction companies are facing disruptions to their operations due to bad or extreme weather conditions such as thunderstorms, heavy precipitation, flooding, heatwaves and snowstorms, which cause project delays, loss of productivity and increased financial costs. This sector is prone to more disruptions due to increase in the frequency, duration and intensity of extreme weather events due to future climate change. This study examined the impacts of extreme weather events on infrastructure development companies and investigated their current practices and actions to alleviate these impacts. A survey questionnaire was developed and administrated to owners, managers, engineers, supervisors and planners of construction companies. Apart from descriptive evaluations, the survey responses were quantitatively analyzed to determine the impact of bad weather conditions on the construction companies. The findings of this study suggested that most construction companies’ operations were delayed due to bad or extreme weather events. However, construction industry is not adopting proactive measures to avoid or minimize these impacts. The main environmental factors impacting construction companies, included flooding, high winds or thunderstorms, warm/cold temperatures, heatwaves and snow/ice storms. These bad weather impacts were more significant for non-government construction companies as compared to those working in the government sector. Indirect impacts of bad weather included disruptions to their supply chain networks and changes in customer behaviors; however, these impacts were minor compared to direct environmental impacts. The study found that both government and non-government sector construction companies granted accommodations to the workers during bad weather conditions; however, government sector companies were more accommodating as compared to non-government companies.
The study results also provided insight into the financial impacts of extreme weather events on construction companies. Weighted average losses for government sector companies were 2,200 per day of bad weather as compared to 8,155 per day for non-government companies. This suggested that non-government construction companies may experience serious financial consequences due to bad or extreme weather events. Study results further showed that there were no adequate guidelines, protocols or standards available to construction companies to adapt their operations and planning for extreme weather events. The study also highlighted the lack of adequate insurance products available for the construction sector to deal with bad weather. There was little tendency shown by the construction companies to use new technologies to deal with bad weather conditions. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop guidelines, protocols or standards for construction companies by involving all levels of the government and relevant private sector organizations. This study helps to determine the nature and scale…
Advisors/Committee Members: Arain, Altaf, Earth and Environmental Sciences.
Subjects/Keywords: Construction companies; Extreme weather events; Companies operations
to Zotero / EndNote / Reference
APA (6th Edition):
Rizwan, M. (2020). EVALUATING THE IMPACTS OF EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS ON THE INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT OR CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IN ONTARIO. (Masters Thesis). McMaster University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11375/25789
Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):
Rizwan, Muhammad. “EVALUATING THE IMPACTS OF EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS ON THE INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT OR CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IN ONTARIO.” 2020. Masters Thesis, McMaster University. Accessed September 20, 2020.
MLA Handbook (7th Edition):
Rizwan, Muhammad. “EVALUATING THE IMPACTS OF EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS ON THE INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT OR CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IN ONTARIO.” 2020. Web. 20 Sep 2020.
Rizwan M. EVALUATING THE IMPACTS OF EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS ON THE INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT OR CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IN ONTARIO. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. McMaster University; 2020. [cited 2020 Sep 20].
Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11375/25789.
Council of Science Editors:
Rizwan M. EVALUATING THE IMPACTS OF EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS ON THE INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT OR CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IN ONTARIO. [Masters Thesis]. McMaster University; 2020. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11375/25789