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McMaster University

1. Wallace, Peter T. LIME PLASTER USE AT LATE BRONZE AGE KALAVASOS-AYIOS DHIMITRIOS (CYPRUS): EVIDENCE FOR APPLICATION-SPECIFIC RECIPES AND THE CREATION OF SOCIAL SPACE.

Degree: MA, 2017, McMaster University

Kalavasos-Ayios Dhimitrios (K-AD; Figure 1) is a Late Bronze Age (LBA) settlement on Cyprus. It is notable for having among the earliest examples of urbanism and monumental architecture on the island along side the sites of, for example, Kition, Alassa, Enkomi, and Maroni (Philokyprou 2011; Fisher et al. in press). The LBA on Cyprus marked the beginning of urban society, economy and architecture in Cyprus (Fisher et al. in press). This study explores the social processes associated with the transition to urbanism represented by the entangled relationship between the architectural creation of social spaces and the use of these spaces as platforms for the creation and negotiation of power and influence (Fisher 2009a, 2009b; Fisher et al. in press). Specifically this study will concentrate on the construction of plaster surfaces, the immobile architecture of these social spaces, as indexes of the social development at K-AD during the LBA. Analysis of pyrogenic lime and gypsum plasters was carried out using high-resolution microscopic methods based on the integration of petrography and soil micromorphology. These techniques are employed to optically examine in-situ and oriented plaster samples in laboratory thin section. Laboratory Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis was applied to loose sediments to obtain spectroscopic data when necessary. Following the findings that lime plaster recipe variation is the result of human choice (Kingery et al. 1988; Love 2011, 2013a) the results of this analysis shows that the LBA architects at K-AD produced different recipes for different utilitarian uses and also that the construction of elite spaces demanded complex recipes that extend beyond utilitarian requirements, which can be classified as more “expensive,” resource-draining procedures (Kingery et al. 1988; Love 2011). Plaster is used at K-AD for both functional purposes and as an active component in societal creation and transformation.

Thesis

Master of Arts (MA)

Craft specialization is a core feature of urban life but the process of specialization is not perfectly understood. This thesis seeks to explore the use of lime plaster for constructing surfaces at the Late Bronze Age (LBA) site of Kalavasos-Ayios Dhimitrios (K-AD) on the island of Cyprus. Previous research has revealed a central, monumental complex, among the first of its kind on the island, surrounded by an early city. How did the LBA people create their living environment in this new setting? This thesis has shown, through the analysis of lime plaster features, floors and walls that the LBA inhabitants of K-AD were able to create diverse, specialized surfaces with a specialized lime plaster tradition in a scale and complexity that went beyond structural requirements, suggesting these surfaces were constructed with the explicit intent for creating space imbued with social meaning.

Advisors/Committee Members: Carter, Tristan, Anthropology.

Subjects/Keywords: urbanization; social space; place; social interaction; construction traditions; practice; plaster; technology; Cyprus; Late Bronze Age; micromorphology; FT-IR

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Wallace, P. T. (2017). LIME PLASTER USE AT LATE BRONZE AGE KALAVASOS-AYIOS DHIMITRIOS (CYPRUS): EVIDENCE FOR APPLICATION-SPECIFIC RECIPES AND THE CREATION OF SOCIAL SPACE. (Masters Thesis). McMaster University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11375/22352

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Wallace, Peter T. “LIME PLASTER USE AT LATE BRONZE AGE KALAVASOS-AYIOS DHIMITRIOS (CYPRUS): EVIDENCE FOR APPLICATION-SPECIFIC RECIPES AND THE CREATION OF SOCIAL SPACE.” 2017. Masters Thesis, McMaster University. Accessed November 22, 2017. http://hdl.handle.net/11375/22352.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Wallace, Peter T. “LIME PLASTER USE AT LATE BRONZE AGE KALAVASOS-AYIOS DHIMITRIOS (CYPRUS): EVIDENCE FOR APPLICATION-SPECIFIC RECIPES AND THE CREATION OF SOCIAL SPACE.” 2017. Web. 22 Nov 2017.

Vancouver:

Wallace PT. LIME PLASTER USE AT LATE BRONZE AGE KALAVASOS-AYIOS DHIMITRIOS (CYPRUS): EVIDENCE FOR APPLICATION-SPECIFIC RECIPES AND THE CREATION OF SOCIAL SPACE. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. McMaster University; 2017. [cited 2017 Nov 22]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11375/22352.

Council of Science Editors:

Wallace PT. LIME PLASTER USE AT LATE BRONZE AGE KALAVASOS-AYIOS DHIMITRIOS (CYPRUS): EVIDENCE FOR APPLICATION-SPECIFIC RECIPES AND THE CREATION OF SOCIAL SPACE. [Masters Thesis]. McMaster University; 2017. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11375/22352

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