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1. Robinson, Shaiya C. Molecular & Biological Characterization of the POZ-ZF Transcription Factor KAISO in Intestinal Homeostasis.
Degree: PhD, 2017, McMaster University
We recently reported that intestinal-specific overexpression of the POZ-ZF transcription factor Kaiso produced two prominent phenotypes in 1-year old mice: Kaiso transgenic (KaisoTg) mice presented with chronic intestinal inflammation, and an increase in secretory cell types – a trait typical of Notch signalling inhibition. Despite these findings however, the factor(s) responsible for Kaiso-mediated inflammation and secretory cell increases had not been elucidated. The primary goal of this thesis was to begin filling in this knowledge gap, by shedding mechanistic insight on Kaiso’s role in governing these two prominent phenotypes. First, we elucidated Kaiso’s role in the Notch signalling pathway and found that Kaiso inhibited the expression of the Notch1 receptor, and its ligand Dll-1, but promoted the expression of the Jagged-1 ligand. We postulated that the Kaiso-mediated reduction in Dll-1 might be responsible for the increase in secretory cell types, whereas Kaiso-mediated regulation of Jagged-1, which is dispensable for cell fate decisions, may be implicated in colon cancer progression. Importantly, we also found that Kaiso’s effects on Notch pathway inhibition occurred prior to the onset of chronic intestinal inflammation. Our analyses of the chronic inflammatory phenotype in KaisoTg mice demonstrated that Kaiso overexpression drives pathogenic neutrophil-specific recruitment (as evidenced by increases in neutrophil-specific enzymatic activity, the formation of crypt abscesses, and augmented expression levels of the neutrophils-specific chemokine, MIP2); an increase in the pore-forming Claudin-2; reduction of the cell adhesion protein E-cadherin; and abnormal intestinal epithelial repair mechanisms. Together, these findings imply that the pathogenesis of Kaiso-mediated intestinal inflammation is a multi-factorial process. A secondary goal of this thesis was to initiate studies to elucidate how the Kaiso binding partner, Znf131, might play a role Kaiso-mediated transcriptional regulation. We found that Znf131 indirectly associated with several Kaiso target genes, including Cyclin D1 (CCND1). Importantly, Znf131 activated a minimal CCND1 promoter previously shown to be inhibited by Kaiso. Moreover, Kaiso overexpression attenuated Znf131-mediated transcriptional activation and Znf131 expression in intestinal cells. Together, these findings hint that Znf131 and Kaiso may exert opposing biological functions, which may have implications in Kaiso-mediated intestinal homeostasis and disease.
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)Advisors/Committee Members: Daniel, Juliet M., Biology.
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APA (6th Edition):
Robinson, S. C. (2017). Molecular & Biological Characterization of the POZ-ZF Transcription Factor KAISO in Intestinal Homeostasis. (Doctoral Dissertation). McMaster University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11375/22063
Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):
Robinson, Shaiya C. “Molecular & Biological Characterization of the POZ-ZF Transcription Factor KAISO in Intestinal Homeostasis.” 2017. Doctoral Dissertation, McMaster University. Accessed December 18, 2017. http://hdl.handle.net/11375/22063.
MLA Handbook (7th Edition):
Robinson, Shaiya C. “Molecular & Biological Characterization of the POZ-ZF Transcription Factor KAISO in Intestinal Homeostasis.” 2017. Web. 18 Dec 2017.
Robinson SC. Molecular & Biological Characterization of the POZ-ZF Transcription Factor KAISO in Intestinal Homeostasis. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. McMaster University; 2017. [cited 2017 Dec 18]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11375/22063.
Council of Science Editors:
Robinson SC. Molecular & Biological Characterization of the POZ-ZF Transcription Factor KAISO in Intestinal Homeostasis. [Doctoral Dissertation]. McMaster University; 2017. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11375/22063