University of Oklahoma
Three Essays in Corporate Finance.
Degree: PhD, 2020, University of Oklahoma
This dissertation comprises of three essays. The first essay (Chapter 1) looks at the incidence of sexual harassment in U.S. S&P 500 firms, and its relationship to shareholder value. The second essay (Chapter 2) is an investigation of the differences in policy toward corporate social responsibility (CSR) between family and non-family firms, using environmental performance as the proxy for CSR. The last essay (Chapter 3) investigates the undiversified shareholder rationale for corporate risk management by comparing the hedging behavior of family firms and non-family firms in the oil and gas industry between 1998 and 2015.
While sexual harassment has remained pervasive in the United States, its implications on shareholder value are not fully understood. In Chapter 1, I explore the value implications of sexual harassment. I find that public announcements of sexual harassment are associated with stock market losses that are both statistically and economically significant, as exemplified by an average abnormal drop in market capitalization of 419 million. In contrast, the average victim settlement is only 18.7 million. I find that investors react significantly less negatively if the firm takes action proactively, including by firing the perpetrator/s. Interestingly, I also find that a better corporate culture is associated with more sexual harassment cases being revealed, suggesting that such firms provide a safer reporting environment for victims. A firm is more likely to take action if it has higher institutional ownership, the victim is a woman, the perpetrator is a top manager, or the reported incident took place after the advent of theMeToo movement. While the number of public announcements of sexual harassment escalated sharply following the start of the #MeToo movement on October 15, 2017, I find no significant difference in the market reactions before and after #MeToo.
Recent literature suggests that some socially responsible corporate actions benefit shareholders while others do not. Chapter 2 shows that family firms are more responsible to shareholders than non-family firms in making environmental investments. When shareholder interests and societal interests coincide, i.e., when it comes to alleviating environmental concerns that have potential to harm society and elevate the firm’s risk exposure, family firms do at least as well as non-family firms in protecting shareholder interests. However, when shareholder and societal interests diverge, i.e., when it comes to making environmental investments that might benefit society but do not benefit shareholders, family firms protect shareholder interests by undertaking a significantly lower level of such investments than non-family firms. These findings suggest that lack of diversification by controlling families creates strong incentives for them to act in the financial interest of all shareholders, which more than overcomes any noneconomic benefits families may derive from engaging in social causes that do not benefit non-controlling shareholders.
Advisors/Committee Members: Fernando, Chitru (advisor), Linn, Scott (committee member), Litov, Lubomir (committee member), Megginson, William (committee member), Ghosh, Pallab (committee member).
Subjects/Keywords: Sexual Harassment; Corporate Social Responsibility; Family Firms; MeToo; Corporate Governance
to Zotero / EndNote / Reference
APA (6th Edition):
Abeysekera, A. (2020). Three Essays in Corporate Finance. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Oklahoma. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11244/324276
Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):
Abeysekera, Amal. “Three Essays in Corporate Finance.” 2020. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Oklahoma. Accessed July 08, 2020.
MLA Handbook (7th Edition):
Abeysekera, Amal. “Three Essays in Corporate Finance.” 2020. Web. 08 Jul 2020.
Abeysekera A. Three Essays in Corporate Finance. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Oklahoma; 2020. [cited 2020 Jul 08].
Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11244/324276.
Council of Science Editors:
Abeysekera A. Three Essays in Corporate Finance. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Oklahoma; 2020. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11244/324276