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Colorado School of Mines

1. Moorthy, Senthamilaruvi. Modeling and characterization of mechanical properties in laser powder bed fusion additive manufactured Inconel 718.

Degree: MS(M.S.), Mechanical Engineering, 2018, Colorado School of Mines

Laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF) is a promising additive manufacturing process capable of manufacturing near net shaped components directly from digital computer-aided-design (CAD) data. Lack of consistency in mechanical properties of L-PBF printed parts prevent widespread adaptation of this technique in industry. To understand the factors that cause variability and inconsistency in mechanical properties two plates each of tensile and compression samples were L-PBF printed in various orientations using Inconel 718 alloy. One plate each of compression and tensile samples was subjected to solution annealing and double aging heat treatment. Tensile, compressive and hardness properties were measured in as built and heat-treated condition. Compressive properties were also characterized in the machined condition to understand the influence of all post-processing activities on mechanical properties. Porosity of compression samples was characterized with X-ray micro computed tomography to understand the influence of porosity on mechanical properties. Apart from build orientation, factors such as shape, thickness and laser scanning path were found to cause variation in mechanical properties. Anisotropy in mechanical properties that developed because of build orientation and laser scanning path was retained after heat treatment. Hardness increased by 58% after heat treatment. More than 50% of porosity by volume was found to be removed after machining compression samples from 2mm nominal diameter down to 1.5mm diameter. The samples also showed higher yield and Young's modulus after machining. An attempt has been made to explain the observed variability in mechanical properties across orientation and part position on the build plate using machine learning algorithms. Although the regression approach could not explain the variability, the classification technique seems to be a plausible approach. Orientation and position could not completely explain the variability in mechanical properties. This suggests that more variables are involved in determining the final mechanical properties of L-PBF printed parts. Advisors/Committee Members: Stebner, Aaron P. (advisor), Kappes, Branden Bernard (committee member), Berger, John R. (committee member), Brice, Craig (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Additive manufacturing; Machine learning; Selective laser melting; Inconel 718; 3D printing; Mechanical properties

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Moorthy, S. (2018). Modeling and characterization of mechanical properties in laser powder bed fusion additive manufactured Inconel 718. (Masters Thesis). Colorado School of Mines. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11124/172164

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Moorthy, Senthamilaruvi. “Modeling and characterization of mechanical properties in laser powder bed fusion additive manufactured Inconel 718.” 2018. Masters Thesis, Colorado School of Mines. Accessed June 19, 2018. http://hdl.handle.net/11124/172164.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Moorthy, Senthamilaruvi. “Modeling and characterization of mechanical properties in laser powder bed fusion additive manufactured Inconel 718.” 2018. Web. 19 Jun 2018.

Vancouver:

Moorthy S. Modeling and characterization of mechanical properties in laser powder bed fusion additive manufactured Inconel 718. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Colorado School of Mines; 2018. [cited 2018 Jun 19]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11124/172164.

Council of Science Editors:

Moorthy S. Modeling and characterization of mechanical properties in laser powder bed fusion additive manufactured Inconel 718. [Masters Thesis]. Colorado School of Mines; 2018. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11124/172164

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