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You searched for id:"handle:10919/102026". One record found.

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Virginia Tech

1. Cruvinel Brandao Fonseca Marinho, Rayssa. Atmospheric Pollutant Levels in Southeast Brazil During COVID-19 Lockdown: Combined Satellite and Ground-based Data Analysis.

Degree: MS, Environmental Engineering, 2021, Virginia Tech

This study aims to explore satellite data applied to the lockdown context resultant from the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. Satellite data usage in air quality management is yet to be explored to its full potential. Two highly populated states were chosen: Sao Paulo (SP) and Rio de Janeiro (RJ). Local governments have been imposing limitations on private and public vehicle circulation, inducing a decrease in atmospheric pollutant levels, specifically nitrogen dioxide (NO2), which is directly emitted to the air by fuel combustion. NO2 is also short-lived in the atmosphere, so its variation within days can be easily captured. PM2.5, a category of fine inhalable particles, can be produced by wildfires, in addition to fuel burning and mechanical processes such as resuspension by cars. Here we retrieved daily NO2 vertical column densities for the month of May within the 2015-2020 years from the OMI instrument onboard of NASA's Aura satellite. Ground daily NO2 and PM2.5 measurements were also collected from local environmental agencies. Results showed an average 42% decrease of the NO2 column values in SP in 2020 compared to 2015-2019. The decrease was 49.6% in RJ for the same timeframe. Correspondent surface data showed a decrease of 13.3% (p-value = 0.099) and 18.8% (p-value = 0.077) during 2020 compared to 2019 in SP and RJ stations, respectively. No significant divergence in PM2.5 values was found between 2019 and 2020. Finally, weather data was added to the pollutant analysis. PM2.5 concentrations were associated with wildfires, while the NO2 levels found in 2020 for SP and RJ were attributed to local lockdown decrees. Satellite retrievals showed significant potential in filling out ground datasets, correlating with the SP and RJ surface data in 77% and 53%, respectively. Advisors/Committee Members: Foroutan, Hosein (committeechair), Marr, Linsey C. (committee member), Lind, Elena Spinei (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: air pollution; satellite; surface air quality; COVID-19; lockdown; Brazil

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Cruvinel Brandao Fonseca Marinho, R. (2021). Atmospheric Pollutant Levels in Southeast Brazil During COVID-19 Lockdown: Combined Satellite and Ground-based Data Analysis. (Masters Thesis). Virginia Tech. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10919/102026

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Cruvinel Brandao Fonseca Marinho, Rayssa. “Atmospheric Pollutant Levels in Southeast Brazil During COVID-19 Lockdown: Combined Satellite and Ground-based Data Analysis.” 2021. Masters Thesis, Virginia Tech. Accessed March 01, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/10919/102026.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Cruvinel Brandao Fonseca Marinho, Rayssa. “Atmospheric Pollutant Levels in Southeast Brazil During COVID-19 Lockdown: Combined Satellite and Ground-based Data Analysis.” 2021. Web. 01 Mar 2021.

Vancouver:

Cruvinel Brandao Fonseca Marinho R. Atmospheric Pollutant Levels in Southeast Brazil During COVID-19 Lockdown: Combined Satellite and Ground-based Data Analysis. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Virginia Tech; 2021. [cited 2021 Mar 01]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10919/102026.

Council of Science Editors:

Cruvinel Brandao Fonseca Marinho R. Atmospheric Pollutant Levels in Southeast Brazil During COVID-19 Lockdown: Combined Satellite and Ground-based Data Analysis. [Masters Thesis]. Virginia Tech; 2021. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10919/102026

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