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Virginia Tech

1. Khurshid, Maheen. Architecture as Living Memory: Building Across Borders.

Degree: M. Arch., Not found, 2021, Virginia Tech

This thesis looks at the problem of border delineations and walls within a modern context and proposes the use of borders for functions supplementary to border control and security – such as local commerce, cultural spaces, tourism, hospitality, and public gathering places. Border delineations and walls have been used to protect cities and towns throughout history. In the present age of modern surveillance and advanced military technology however, physical walls have much less significance for the protection of present-day states and nations and have become artifacts of mostly symbolic significance. In an increasingly connected world with the potential for becoming more compassionate, the symbolic significance of the border wall, barrier, and delineation demands to be reassessed and reapproached. This opens the possibility of designing a new binational border typology with functions of business, tourism, cultural education, hospitality, and public assembly that can mutually benefit bordering regions. Spatial justice involves the fair and equitable distribution within a space of resources and opportunities. The site of this thesis is the 1949 Armistice Agreement, or Green Line, on the perimeter of the West Bank of Palestine – a prolonged border conflict of our time and a powerful example of spatial injustice. Through a combination of ancient and modern materials, this thesis explores the potential of hospitality through the design of a roadside inn to recognize the history of its place and create a physical and symbolic bridge for future cooperation. In addition to lodging for travelers, the project's program, or scope of work, includes a museum, artist workshops, dining areas, gift shops, and gathering spaces. Straddling the Green Line along the Dead Sea shoreline, it is designed to carry the memory of the land, but also to symbolize a future that joins divided communities. Advisors/Committee Members: Emmons, Paul F. (committeechair), Piedmont-Palladino, Susan C. (committee member), La Coe, Jodi Lynn (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Architecture; Spatial Justice; Space; Power; Borders; Walls; Twins; West Bank

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APA (6th Edition):

Khurshid, M. (2021). Architecture as Living Memory: Building Across Borders. (Masters Thesis). Virginia Tech. Retrieved from

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Khurshid, Maheen. “Architecture as Living Memory: Building Across Borders.” 2021. Masters Thesis, Virginia Tech. Accessed March 01, 2021.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Khurshid, Maheen. “Architecture as Living Memory: Building Across Borders.” 2021. Web. 01 Mar 2021.


Khurshid M. Architecture as Living Memory: Building Across Borders. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Virginia Tech; 2021. [cited 2021 Mar 01]. Available from:

Council of Science Editors:

Khurshid M. Architecture as Living Memory: Building Across Borders. [Masters Thesis]. Virginia Tech; 2021. Available from: