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Virginia Tech

1. Al Rufaydah, Abdullah Saeed. Shear Strength Assessment of Corrosion-Damaged Prestressed Concrete Girders.

Degree: MS, Civil Engineering, 2021, Virginia Tech

Many bridges in the United States were built using longitudinal members, called girders, made of prestressed concrete. In prestressed concrete, because concrete cannot resist high tensile forces, tensioned steel cables, called strands, are used to produce compression on the concrete member to improve its behavior when it is in service. Corrosion is a concern in old prestressed concrete bridges, especially bridges built in marine environments. Corrosion induces cracks in the concrete superstructure which accelerates the deterioration rate and can result in a partial loss of the concrete body and exposure of the embedded steel. This causes degradation in the load-carrying capacity of the bridge girders which raises a danger to vehicles, passengers, and pedestrians. Consequently, decisions need to be made by authorities on whether to replace, repair, or load post these bridges. Two main types of loads exist in bridge girders, namely shear forces and bending moments. Extensive research has focused on the ability of corroded prestressed concrete girders to resist stresses produced by moment, or flexure. However, bridge girders must also resist shear forces. This research studies the shear strength of corroded prestressed concrete girders which can, then, be expanded further to evaluate the possible retrofitting techniques for restoring, or enhancing, their shear strengths. Two old prestressed concrete girders built in the 1960's and 1970's were delivered to the Murray Structural Engineering Laboratory at Virginia Tech from two decommissioned bridges in Virginia. The two girders showed signs of deterioration due to corrosion. These signs include concrete losses, cracks, areas of unsound concrete, and exposed strands. Non-destructive testing was performed on the girders to evaluate the severity of their in-situ conditions. Then, two destructive full-scale tests were performed on each girder in the lab to estimate their actual shear strengths. Shear strengths of the girders were also predicted using four methods present in the current American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, AASHTO, and the American Concrete Institute, ACI, codes. In addition, analyses using other advanced tools were also carried out. Evaluation of these methods and comparisons with the experimental results were performed to reach to conclusions and recommendations for future work. Corrosion in strands seemed to not have as much influence on the shear strength as on the flexural strength. Destructive shear tests indicated that the actual shear strengths of the girders investigated in this research exceeded nominal strengths predicted by the current codes, the AASHTO and the ACI. However, the flexural strengths were reduced. Possible reasons for the girders' behaviors are discussed. Advisors/Committee Members: Roberts-Wollmann, Carin L. (committeechair), Koutromanos, Ioannis (committee member), Hebdon, Matthew Hardy (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Corrosion Damage; Shear strength; Prestressed concrete girders; Bridges; Forensic engineering; Residual shear strength

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APA (6th Edition):

Al Rufaydah, A. S. (2021). Shear Strength Assessment of Corrosion-Damaged Prestressed Concrete Girders. (Masters Thesis). Virginia Tech. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10919/101848

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Al Rufaydah, Abdullah Saeed. “Shear Strength Assessment of Corrosion-Damaged Prestressed Concrete Girders.” 2021. Masters Thesis, Virginia Tech. Accessed February 26, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/10919/101848.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Al Rufaydah, Abdullah Saeed. “Shear Strength Assessment of Corrosion-Damaged Prestressed Concrete Girders.” 2021. Web. 26 Feb 2021.

Vancouver:

Al Rufaydah AS. Shear Strength Assessment of Corrosion-Damaged Prestressed Concrete Girders. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Virginia Tech; 2021. [cited 2021 Feb 26]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10919/101848.

Council of Science Editors:

Al Rufaydah AS. Shear Strength Assessment of Corrosion-Damaged Prestressed Concrete Girders. [Masters Thesis]. Virginia Tech; 2021. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10919/101848

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