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Karolinska Institute

1. Villaume, Karin. Personality in relation to health, psychosocial work environment and occupational health intervention adherence .

Degree: 2017, Karolinska Institute

Background: Personality is a well-studied topic within psychology and it has intrigued scientists and philosophers for centuries. It is a broad, complex and multidimensional phenomenon that constitute individuals’ typical behavioral patterns. One of the fields within personality psychology studies the relationships between personality, health and disease. Although the complete mechanisms have not been fully established, the associations with health and disease can be both direct or indirect through dysfunctional and unhealthy and risk-taking behaviors. Personality can also influence how health is perceived and reported. In addition, the current knowledge is mainly based on assessments of broad personality dimensions. Therefore, a better understanding of more specific and precise health-relevant personality traits could help clarify the mechanisms in more detail. Personality has also been found to be associated with various aspects of the psychosocial work environment, such as job satisfaction, stress and work performance, but no studies have investigated health-relevant personality traits in this context. Organizations may implement interventions, such as stress management or health promotion initiatives with the best intentions. However, there is limited knowledge about which interventions work for whom and why. Therefore, there is a need to better understand the characteristics of those who do and do not utilize (adhere to) an intervention. This knowledge could be used improve pedagogic features of the interventions and implementation procedures in order to optimize adherence. Aim: The overall aim of this thesis was to examine possible associations between healthrelevant personality traits and indicators of health, psychosocial work environment and occupational health intervention adherence. The specific aims of the four papers included in this thesis are stated below. Paper I aimed to investigate health-relevant personality in relation to one aspect of health, or ill-health, namely sensitivity to sound (hyperacusis). Paper II aimed to explore possible associations and differences in mean values between employee health-relevant personality traits and assessments of the psychosocial work environment and leadership behaviors. Paper III aimed to investigate possible associations between health-relevant personality traits and adherence to a web-based occupational health intervention. Paper IV aimed to investigate health-relevant personality traits in relation to health-related variables and indicators of the psychosocial work environment, using repeated assessments over time. The paper also investigated if these personality traits could predict changes in perceptions of health and psychosocial work environment over time. Methods: The present thesis is based on three separate studies and populations. Personality was assessed with the Health-relevant 5 inventory (HP5i) in all papers. Health-relevant personality consist of the following five traits: Hedonic…

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APA (6th Edition):

Villaume, K. (2017). Personality in relation to health, psychosocial work environment and occupational health intervention adherence . (Thesis). Karolinska Institute. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10616/46108

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Villaume, Karin. “Personality in relation to health, psychosocial work environment and occupational health intervention adherence .” 2017. Thesis, Karolinska Institute. Accessed January 16, 2018. http://hdl.handle.net/10616/46108.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Villaume, Karin. “Personality in relation to health, psychosocial work environment and occupational health intervention adherence .” 2017. Web. 16 Jan 2018.

Vancouver:

Villaume K. Personality in relation to health, psychosocial work environment and occupational health intervention adherence . [Internet] [Thesis]. Karolinska Institute; 2017. [cited 2018 Jan 16]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10616/46108.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Villaume K. Personality in relation to health, psychosocial work environment and occupational health intervention adherence . [Thesis]. Karolinska Institute; 2017. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10616/46108

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

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