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National University of Ireland – Galway

1. Brahm, Meghan. An investigation into weight mediated conditions as risk factors for the development of autism spectrum disorder in offspring and the application of applied behavior analysis to pre-pregnancy weight behavior .

Degree: 2018, National University of Ireland – Galway

Obesity (OB) has been identified as one of the greatest health concerns of the present time, due to the universally increasing rates (WHO, 2016). It has been found that a large proportion of the rise of OB is among women of child-bearing age (Berghöfer et al., 2008). Excessive weight pre-pregnancy has been shown to contribute to a significant number of maternal and offspring complications (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 2013). Among those recently studied complications is offspring risk of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) where OB and co-morbid conditions were present in pregnancy. OB and its related effects on pregnancy have been identified as requiring additional research and a central opportunity to limit controllable risk factors for the development of ASD in offspring (Xu et al., 2014). However, a barrier to investigating these outcomes is the lack of effective interventions to manage OB (O’Neill et al., 2012). In parallel with the increase in ASD rates, OB presents a significant health concern for both mother and child and is in need of further investigation regarding both the effects of the conditions and in the development of efficacious interventions (Nevison, 2014). This thesis aimed to evaluate maternal weight mediated conditions as risk factors for the development of ASD in offspring, to review the current approaches to weight management among women of child-bearing age, and to evaluate a functional assessment and function-matched intervention for the management of weight pre-pregnancy. The study of environmental risk factors is an important and emerging area in understanding the etiology of ASD. Maternal weight related health factors which impact offspring risk of ASD is a novel, yet important area of investigation. Chapter 1 was a review into maternal conditions surrounding pregnancy which impact offspring ASD risk. Chapter 1 identified weight mediated conditions as emerging risk factors for childhood ASD diagnosis, and highlights the need for additional and varied research in the area. Chapter 2 evaluated diabetes mellitus (DM) and OB in pregnancy as risks for the development of ASD in offspring. The results from Chapter 2 support previous findings in literature which suggest that there is a significantly increased risk of a child being diagnosed with an ASD, when DM and OW/OB are present in pregnancy. Furthermore, Chapters 2 found that children were at a risk for additional diagnosis requiring special education services where OW and OB were present. Chapter 3 evaluated the current standards of weight management programs from a behavior analytic perspective, to identify gaps where applied behavior analysis (ABA) can impact the treatment of weight related behavior patterns. Findings show a lack of assessment with regard to function of behavior in the current literature. Chapter 3 discussed that due to the absence of functional assessment, there is a persistent gap in the ability to identify and decrease variables which maintain problematic eating behavior. … Advisors/Committee Members: Leader, Geraldine (advisor), Dunne, Fidelma (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Obesity; Diabetes; Autism; Applied Behavior Analysis; Risk Factor; Psychology

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APA (6th Edition):

Brahm, M. (2018). An investigation into weight mediated conditions as risk factors for the development of autism spectrum disorder in offspring and the application of applied behavior analysis to pre-pregnancy weight behavior . (Thesis). National University of Ireland – Galway. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10379/10035

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Brahm, Meghan. “An investigation into weight mediated conditions as risk factors for the development of autism spectrum disorder in offspring and the application of applied behavior analysis to pre-pregnancy weight behavior .” 2018. Thesis, National University of Ireland – Galway. Accessed November 20, 2018. http://hdl.handle.net/10379/10035.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Brahm, Meghan. “An investigation into weight mediated conditions as risk factors for the development of autism spectrum disorder in offspring and the application of applied behavior analysis to pre-pregnancy weight behavior .” 2018. Web. 20 Nov 2018.

Vancouver:

Brahm M. An investigation into weight mediated conditions as risk factors for the development of autism spectrum disorder in offspring and the application of applied behavior analysis to pre-pregnancy weight behavior . [Internet] [Thesis]. National University of Ireland – Galway; 2018. [cited 2018 Nov 20]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10379/10035.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Brahm M. An investigation into weight mediated conditions as risk factors for the development of autism spectrum disorder in offspring and the application of applied behavior analysis to pre-pregnancy weight behavior . [Thesis]. National University of Ireland – Galway; 2018. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10379/10035

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

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