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Colorado State University

1. Konkel, Kristen E. Is a life skills training infusion an effective strategy to reduce substance use among at-risk teens in a mentoring program?.

Degree: PhD, Psychology, 2017, Colorado State University

Adolescent substance use is a challenge that has myriad detrimental consequences for the individual, school systems, and society. Before graduating from high school, 70% of high school students have consumed alcohol (Johnston, O'Malley, Bachman, & Schulenberg, 2009) and 40% have tried marijuana (Johnston et al., 2009). There is a critical need to address this issue using novel evidence-based interventions that are adaptable to a school or community’s needs. Interventions focusing improving adolescent skills and providing a pro-social adult may help adolescents overcome some of the factors that put them at risk for substance use. For the current project, I designed, implemented, and evaluated an infusion-model type intervention, where two evidence-based programs for substance use reduction among at-risk teens were innovatively combined and executed. Specifically, Life Skills Training (LST; Botvin, Eng, & Williams, 1980), a skills-based program that traditionally has been delivered in a school classroom setting, was adapted and infused into Campus Connections (CC), a youth mentorship program at Colorado State University that matches university students with an at-risk youth from the community. Participants included 166 11-18 year olds enrolled in CC (85 in the LST infusion group, 81 in the comparsion group). Facilitators were trained to deliver age-appropriate 20-minute LST lessons each evening during CC, and the college student mentors were trained to practice skills and behaviors as well as have conversations with the participants about each topic during the rest of the CC evening. After a successful implementation, the evaluation unexpectedly did not show significant results. Participants in the LST infusion group did not have increased social skills, personal self-management skills, or drug resistance skills, nor did they have lower levels of substance use, substance use intentions, or self-reported delinquent behavior. A secondary evaluation of the LST-infusion treatment group only did not show that mentor fidelity to the program infusion improved outcomes. Practical implications for prevention and limitations of the current study are discussed. Advisors/Committee Members: Henry, Kimberly (advisor), Aloise-Young, Patricia (committee member), Davalos, Deana (committee member), Haddock, Shelley (committee member), Youngblade, Lise (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Life Skills; Substance Use Prevention; Mentorship; Adolescent Health

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Konkel, K. E. (2017). Is a life skills training infusion an effective strategy to reduce substance use among at-risk teens in a mentoring program?. (Doctoral Dissertation). Colorado State University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10217/178960

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Konkel, Kristen E. “Is a life skills training infusion an effective strategy to reduce substance use among at-risk teens in a mentoring program?.” 2017. Doctoral Dissertation, Colorado State University. Accessed December 17, 2017. http://hdl.handle.net/10217/178960.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Konkel, Kristen E. “Is a life skills training infusion an effective strategy to reduce substance use among at-risk teens in a mentoring program?.” 2017. Web. 17 Dec 2017.

Vancouver:

Konkel KE. Is a life skills training infusion an effective strategy to reduce substance use among at-risk teens in a mentoring program?. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Colorado State University; 2017. [cited 2017 Dec 17]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10217/178960.

Council of Science Editors:

Konkel KE. Is a life skills training infusion an effective strategy to reduce substance use among at-risk teens in a mentoring program?. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Colorado State University; 2017. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10217/178960

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