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You searched for +publisher:"Virginia Tech" +contributor:("del Ninno, Carlo"). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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Virginia Tech

1. Groover, Kimberly Darnton. Distinguishing between Chronic and Transient Poverty in Mozambique.

Degree: MS, Agricultural and Applied Economics, 2011, Virginia Tech

The main purpose of the study is to identify household characteristics which can 1) distinguish between the chronic poor and transient poor and 2) be feasibly implemented as targeting criterion in poverty interventions. Data for this study was drawn from Mozambiqueâ s 2008/09 Household Budget Survey and consisted of 10,832 observations. This study fills a gap in the literature by structurally determining the impact of common shocks (drought, floods and cyclones, agricultural pests, illness, death, and theft) on 1) food expenditures at the household level and 2) poverty rates at the national level. The results of the study indicate that shocks are one of the key determinants of household food expenditures. The expected impact of shocks in aggregate increases the national poverty rate by 9%. However, the impact of specific shocks on household food expenditures varies across regions and households. Further, the variables which are strongly correlated with chronic poverty differ from the variables strongly correlated with transient poverty. These results suggest the need to both more rapidly identify and enroll households exposed to shocks in short-term social protection programs and continue to improve methods targeting the chronic poor in long-term programs. Advisors/Committee Members: Mills, Bradford F. (committeechair), Alwang, Jeffrey R. (committee member), del Ninno, Carlo (committee member), Davis, George C. (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: endogenous treatment effect model; poverty reduction; developing countries; Mozambique; covariate shocks; transient poverty; chronic poverty; Sub-Saharan Africa

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APA (6th Edition):

Groover, K. D. (2011). Distinguishing between Chronic and Transient Poverty in Mozambique. (Masters Thesis). Virginia Tech. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10919/33611

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Groover, Kimberly Darnton. “Distinguishing between Chronic and Transient Poverty in Mozambique.” 2011. Masters Thesis, Virginia Tech. Accessed July 17, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10919/33611.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Groover, Kimberly Darnton. “Distinguishing between Chronic and Transient Poverty in Mozambique.” 2011. Web. 17 Jul 2019.

Vancouver:

Groover KD. Distinguishing between Chronic and Transient Poverty in Mozambique. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Virginia Tech; 2011. [cited 2019 Jul 17]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10919/33611.

Council of Science Editors:

Groover KD. Distinguishing between Chronic and Transient Poverty in Mozambique. [Masters Thesis]. Virginia Tech; 2011. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10919/33611

2. Stoeffler, Quentin. Three Essays on Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa: Multidimensional Poverty Change in Zimbabwe; Long-Term Impact of Cash Transfers in Niger; and Targeting Efficiency of Social Protection Programs in Cameroon.

Degree: PhD, Economics, Agriculture and Life Sciences, 2014, Virginia Tech

This dissertation focuses on identifying the poor in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and the potential of social assistance programs to address their condition. Each essay is related to one particular key step of the poverty alleviation agenda: poverty definition and measurement in Zimbabwe; targeting poor households in Cameroon; and impact evaluation of anti-poverty interventions in Niger. The first essay explores changes in poverty across multiple dimensions in a period of dramatic economic crisis and recovery in Zimbabwe. The essay analyzes changes in household well-being between 2001, 2007 and 2011/12, using an Alkire-Foster multidimensional poverty index. Results indicate a large increase in multidimensional poverty across between 2001 and 2007, followed by a (smaller) decrease in poverty between 2007 and 2011/12 (recovery period after the hyperinflation peak in 2008). However, decomposition of the index shows significantly different trends in poverty dimensions over time, as for instance health related dimensions continued to deteriorate after 2007. The second essay contributes to the policy debate on targeting by studying the ex-post efficiency of two targeting mechanisms employed in a cash transfer project in rural Cameroon: Proxy Means Testing (PMT) and community targeting. Results show a poor performance of community targeting in selecting households with low per capita consumption, compared to PMT targeting—whose errors remain high nonetheless. Communities tend to select small, isolated households with low physical and human capital, regardless of their actual consumption level, but produce variable outcomes. Overall results suggest that a higher coverage contributes to reducing targeting errors, and that better guidance should be provided to communities if the policy objective is to select low per capita consumption individuals. The third essay investigate whether cash transfers induce investments in assets and productive activities that survive the termination of program payments using data from an unconditional cash transfer project in Niger 18 months after its termination. Based on quasi-experimental methods, results indicate that local saving/credit systems (tontines) participation and livestock ownership significantly increased among project participants. There is also evidence of improvement in private assets, micro-enterprises and agriculture. The findings imply that cash transfer programs can have long-term sustainable impacts in rural SSA. Advisors/Committee Members: Mills, Bradford F. (committeechair), You, Wen (committee member), Alwang, Jeffrey R. (committee member), del Ninno, Carlo (committee member), Norton, George W. (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa; Cash Transfers; Targeting; Multidimensional Poverty; Quasi-Experimental Methods

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Stoeffler, Q. (2014). Three Essays on Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa: Multidimensional Poverty Change in Zimbabwe; Long-Term Impact of Cash Transfers in Niger; and Targeting Efficiency of Social Protection Programs in Cameroon. (Doctoral Dissertation). Virginia Tech. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10919/50444

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Stoeffler, Quentin. “Three Essays on Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa: Multidimensional Poverty Change in Zimbabwe; Long-Term Impact of Cash Transfers in Niger; and Targeting Efficiency of Social Protection Programs in Cameroon.” 2014. Doctoral Dissertation, Virginia Tech. Accessed July 17, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10919/50444.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Stoeffler, Quentin. “Three Essays on Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa: Multidimensional Poverty Change in Zimbabwe; Long-Term Impact of Cash Transfers in Niger; and Targeting Efficiency of Social Protection Programs in Cameroon.” 2014. Web. 17 Jul 2019.

Vancouver:

Stoeffler Q. Three Essays on Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa: Multidimensional Poverty Change in Zimbabwe; Long-Term Impact of Cash Transfers in Niger; and Targeting Efficiency of Social Protection Programs in Cameroon. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Virginia Tech; 2014. [cited 2019 Jul 17]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10919/50444.

Council of Science Editors:

Stoeffler Q. Three Essays on Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa: Multidimensional Poverty Change in Zimbabwe; Long-Term Impact of Cash Transfers in Niger; and Targeting Efficiency of Social Protection Programs in Cameroon. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Virginia Tech; 2014. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10919/50444

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