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Virginia Tech

1. Maulan, Suhardi. Seremban Urban Park, Malaysia: a Preference Study.

Degree: Master of Landscape Architecture, Landscape Architecture, 2002, Virginia Tech

Unlike the West, where many studies have explored how peopleâ s needs are fulfilled by urban parks, Malaysia has received very little attention from researchers. One reason for this is the fact that Malaysia has only a short public park tradition. Although folk art and stories have chronicled a long history of gardens and other parks, these spaces were only accessible to royal family members and autocrats. In Malaysia, the concept of free public parks is relatively recent, having been introduced by the British colonial government. This thesis aims to analyze the current demands on urban parks in Malaysia. It specifically studies an urban park in the city of Seremban in the state of Negeri Sembilan, which was built by the British in the early 1900â s. This park is apparently not meeting the needs of the public at large. Even though it is near active public facilities, such as a state mosque, a downtown area, public offices, and a public library, it suffers from a declining number of visitors. This thesis is based on data obtained from a survey questionnaire that polled public attitudes regarding Seremban Urban Park. The data was analyzed to determine the factors that influence potential park patrons, as well as the preferred activities of those who visit the park. The research suggests that accessibility, sense of territoriality, activities in the park, the natural environment, and park maintenance influence participantsâ decisions to visit the park. In addition, it points out that participantsâ preferred park activities include family gatherings and passive socializing activities. The primary implications of this thesis are that urban parks are emerging as important public spaces in Malaysian cities, and that their continuing effectiveness is largely dependent upon a prioritizing of activities and a commitment to maintenance. This research should help landscape architects and planners expand the relationship between urban parks and public life in Malaysian cities. Advisors/Committee Members: Jacobson, Wendy R. (committeechair), Bork, Dean R. (committee member), Ciao, Quinsan (committee member), Miller, Patrick A. (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Malaysia; Landscape Architecture; Urban Design; Urban Park; Preferences

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APA (6th Edition):

Maulan, S. (2002). Seremban Urban Park, Malaysia: a Preference Study. (Masters Thesis). Virginia Tech. Retrieved from

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Maulan, Suhardi. “Seremban Urban Park, Malaysia: a Preference Study.” 2002. Masters Thesis, Virginia Tech. Accessed August 20, 2019.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Maulan, Suhardi. “Seremban Urban Park, Malaysia: a Preference Study.” 2002. Web. 20 Aug 2019.


Maulan S. Seremban Urban Park, Malaysia: a Preference Study. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Virginia Tech; 2002. [cited 2019 Aug 20]. Available from:

Council of Science Editors:

Maulan S. Seremban Urban Park, Malaysia: a Preference Study. [Masters Thesis]. Virginia Tech; 2002. Available from: