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You searched for +publisher:"Virginia Commonwealth University" +contributor:("Kellie Carlyle, PhD"). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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Virginia Commonwealth University

1. Laws, Michelle. Examining the Effects of Psychosocial Stress on the Hypertension Self-Management Behaviors of African American Women.

Degree: PhD, Social and Behavioral Health, 2016, Virginia Commonwealth University

Hypertension is a preventable and yet major risk factor for early death and morbidity among African Americans. Compared to other women in the US, African American women continue to die earlier and more frequently from preventable and controllable chronic health conditions that are notably due to hypertension and hypertension-related illnesses. While there are multiple factors contributing to the high death rates of African American women, hypertension is one of the most common and modifiable risk factors associated with fatal health outcomes among African American women. The rate of death resulting from hypertension is more than double for African American females compared to white females. Even armed with increased knowledge and awareness, African American women are encountering barriers to controlling their hypertension, which places them at higher risk of becoming sicker and dying earlier than their white counterparts. The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to examine the effects of psychosocial stress on the hypertension self-management behaviors. The rationale for the study is supported by findings from a systematic literature review identifying gaps and contributions in the health literature on African American women and hypertension management. Findings underscore a need to continue to examine psychosocial factors as barriers to African American women’s hypertension self-management. Specifically, the study found statistically significant associations between psychosocial stress and depression as it relates to the hypertension self-management of African American women. Further investigation is warranted to better understand the significance of the relationships between psychosocial stress, depression and African American women’s hypertension self-management. Advisors/Committee Members: Maghboeba Mosavel, PhD, Kellie Carlyle, PhD, Susan Kornstein, MD, Domenic Sica, MD, Robert Perera, PhD.

Subjects/Keywords: Hypertension; African American women; self-management; pyschosocial stress; depression; health behavior; Social and Behavioral Sciences

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Laws, M. (2016). Examining the Effects of Psychosocial Stress on the Hypertension Self-Management Behaviors of African American Women. (Doctoral Dissertation). Virginia Commonwealth University. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.25772/B9RK-1B31 ; https://scholarscompass.vcu.edu/etd/4573

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Laws, Michelle. “Examining the Effects of Psychosocial Stress on the Hypertension Self-Management Behaviors of African American Women.” 2016. Doctoral Dissertation, Virginia Commonwealth University. Accessed October 19, 2020. https://doi.org/10.25772/B9RK-1B31 ; https://scholarscompass.vcu.edu/etd/4573.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Laws, Michelle. “Examining the Effects of Psychosocial Stress on the Hypertension Self-Management Behaviors of African American Women.” 2016. Web. 19 Oct 2020.

Vancouver:

Laws M. Examining the Effects of Psychosocial Stress on the Hypertension Self-Management Behaviors of African American Women. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Virginia Commonwealth University; 2016. [cited 2020 Oct 19]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.25772/B9RK-1B31 ; https://scholarscompass.vcu.edu/etd/4573.

Council of Science Editors:

Laws M. Examining the Effects of Psychosocial Stress on the Hypertension Self-Management Behaviors of African American Women. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Virginia Commonwealth University; 2016. Available from: https://doi.org/10.25772/B9RK-1B31 ; https://scholarscompass.vcu.edu/etd/4573

2. Guidry, Jeanine. Designing Effective Messages to Promote Future Zika Vaccine Uptake.

Degree: PhD, Social and Behavioral Health, 2017, Virginia Commonwealth University

The Zika virus is associated with the devastating birth defect microcephaly, and while a vaccine was not yet available in early-2017, several were under development. It is imperative to identify effective communication strategies to promote uptake of a new vaccine, particularly among women of reproductive age. Moreover, though the Zika outbreak has received much social media attention, little is known about these conversations on Instagram. The purpose of this dissertation, therefore, was to understand current Zika-focused communication on Instagram and to inform effective communication strategies to promote future Zika vaccine uptake intent. The study aims were: (1) explore Zika conversations on Instagram; (2) determine effective message characteristics to increase Zika vaccine uptake intent; and (3) explore salient demographic, healthcare, and psychosocial factors related to Zika vaccine uptake intent. A content analysis of 1,000 Zika-focused Instagram posts, found that these messages primarily focus on perceived threat constructs, yet they elicited little engagement. In addition, 10% of all Instagram posts mentioned conspiracy theories, and these messages elicited high engagement. A 2x2 online experiment tested the effect of message framing and visual type on Zika vaccine uptake intent. The 339 participants – all women of reproductive age – each were exposed to one of four messages (gain vs. loss-framed, and infographic vs. photo). There was no interaction effect of framing and visual type (p=.116), nor main effect of either framing (p=.185) or visual type (p=.724) on vaccine uptake intent. When testing the effect of these variables on those known to be predictors of behavioral intent, gain-framed messages were associated with higher subjective norms, perceived benefits, and self-efficacy. Data from the same online survey was used to examine whether demographics, healthcare-related variables, and psychosocial variables predict Zika vaccine uptake intent. Attitude (p<.001), subjective norms (p=.002), perceived benefits (p=.001), self-efficacy (p=.031), perceived susceptibility (p=.030), and cues to action (p=.020) were predictive of higher Zika vaccine uptake intent, as was being African-American (p=.042). In summary, messages promoting the Zika vaccine should be designed to complement the high perceived threat of Zika while activating positive social norms and perceived benefits in order to allow the public to respond efficaciously. Advisors/Committee Members: Kellie Carlyle, PhD, Jessica LaRose, PhD, Marcus Messner, PhD, Paul Perrin, PhD, Mark Ryan, MD.

Subjects/Keywords: Zika virus; Instagram; Zika vaccine; Communication Technology and New Media; Health Communication; Public Health Education and Promotion

…the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at Virginia Commonwealth University. Virginia… …Commonwealth University, 2017. Major Director: Kellie E. Carlyle, PhD, MPH Associate Professor… 

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Guidry, J. (2017). Designing Effective Messages to Promote Future Zika Vaccine Uptake. (Doctoral Dissertation). Virginia Commonwealth University. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.25772/VQ9M-VF81 ; https://scholarscompass.vcu.edu/etd/5017

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Guidry, Jeanine. “Designing Effective Messages to Promote Future Zika Vaccine Uptake.” 2017. Doctoral Dissertation, Virginia Commonwealth University. Accessed October 19, 2020. https://doi.org/10.25772/VQ9M-VF81 ; https://scholarscompass.vcu.edu/etd/5017.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Guidry, Jeanine. “Designing Effective Messages to Promote Future Zika Vaccine Uptake.” 2017. Web. 19 Oct 2020.

Vancouver:

Guidry J. Designing Effective Messages to Promote Future Zika Vaccine Uptake. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Virginia Commonwealth University; 2017. [cited 2020 Oct 19]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.25772/VQ9M-VF81 ; https://scholarscompass.vcu.edu/etd/5017.

Council of Science Editors:

Guidry J. Designing Effective Messages to Promote Future Zika Vaccine Uptake. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Virginia Commonwealth University; 2017. Available from: https://doi.org/10.25772/VQ9M-VF81 ; https://scholarscompass.vcu.edu/etd/5017

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