Woolfolk, Boston Jared.
Peru in Black and White: Racial Formations in the Twentieth-Century Peruvian Novel.
Degree: PhD, Spanish, 2019, Vanderbilt University
This study analyzes the ever-fluid role of race within the characterization and representation of Peruvians, particularly those of African descent, in twentieth-century Peruvian novels. Employing the theoretical framework of Michael Omi and Howard Winant’s conceptualization of racial formation, I argue that successive generations of Peruvian authors both perpetuate and interrogate socially-constructed notions of race and racialized ideologies through the destabilization of racialized roles, tropes, and imaginaries. This project dissects how novelists challenge socially-constructed identities that become inextricably entangled with race, including gender, sexuality, class, power, morality, and nationality. Texts by Enrique López Albújar, Mario Vargas Llosa, Gregorio Martínez, and Lucía Charún-Illescas utilize historical and individual memory to “look back” into the past and create realities that, intentionally or not, bring race to the fore. Previously “invisibilized” Afro-descendant histories and protagonists are made visible, their literary presence disrupting the normalized associations between physical characteristics and hierarchical binaries such as superior/inferior, moral/immoral, and civilization/barbarism. In destabilizing the fixity of race, Peruvian novelists complicate social roles and ultimately reveal the existential proximity of peoples considered racially distinct. These authors confirm how those who construct and define the racialized boundaries that determine real-world consequences can experience an ideological backlash in which their own racial identities are contested, weakened, and ultimately exposed as constructs themselves.
Advisors/Committee Members: Celso T. Castilho (committee member), Edward H. Friedman (committee member), N. Michelle Murray (committee member), Ruth Hill (Committee Chair).
Subjects/Keywords: Peru; Race; Afro-Latin America; Afro-Peruvian
to Zotero / EndNote / Reference
APA (6th Edition):
Woolfolk, B. J. (2019). Peru in Black and White: Racial Formations in the Twentieth-Century Peruvian Novel. (Doctoral Dissertation). Vanderbilt University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1803/13156
Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):
Woolfolk, Boston Jared. “Peru in Black and White: Racial Formations in the Twentieth-Century Peruvian Novel.” 2019. Doctoral Dissertation, Vanderbilt University. Accessed May 08, 2021.
MLA Handbook (7th Edition):
Woolfolk, Boston Jared. “Peru in Black and White: Racial Formations in the Twentieth-Century Peruvian Novel.” 2019. Web. 08 May 2021.
Woolfolk BJ. Peru in Black and White: Racial Formations in the Twentieth-Century Peruvian Novel. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Vanderbilt University; 2019. [cited 2021 May 08].
Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1803/13156.
Council of Science Editors:
Woolfolk BJ. Peru in Black and White: Racial Formations in the Twentieth-Century Peruvian Novel. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Vanderbilt University; 2019. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1803/13156