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You searched for +publisher:"Vanderbilt University" +contributor:("Johnson, Robert"). One record found.

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Vanderbilt University

1. -3660-4570. Coping With Complexities in High Dimensional Data: PheWAS in EMR and Statistical Inference in fMRI Data.

Degree: PhD, Biostatistics, 2020, Vanderbilt University

When conducting analyses on high dimensional data, one could face statistical difficulties due to large dimensionality and the noisy nature of the data. In this dissertation, we specifically look into potential complexities one might encounter when analyzing electronic medical record (EMR) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data. Phenome-Wide Association study (PheWAS) is a newly proposed method that scans through phenotypes (Phecodes) with a specific genotype of interest using logistic regression. Since the clinical diagnoses in EMR are often inaccurate which can lead to biases in the odds ratio estimates, much effort has been put to accurately define the cases and controls to ensure an accurate analysis. Specifically in order to correctly classifying controls in the population, an exclusion criteria list for each Phecode was manually compiled to obtain unbiased estimates. However, this method could be inefficient and the accuracy of the lists cannot be guaranteed. We propose to estimate relative risk (RR) instead. With simulation and real data application, we show that RR is unbiased without compiling exclusion criteria lists. With RR as estimates, we are able to extend PheWAS to larger-scale phenotypes which preserve more disease-related clinical information than Phecodes. The main purpose of task-induced fMRI is to measure neuronal activities related to specific task. fMRI data usually require several preprocessing steps before analysis. Among all, spatial smoothing is a necessary step known to increase signal-to-noise ratios but the choice of degree of smoothing is often arbitrary. One critical statistical issue in fMRI analysis is the balance between Type I and II error rates. We first demonstrate the influence of the degree of smoothing and experimental factors on the trade-off between Type I and II error rates. Next, we propose to use second-generation p-values (SGPV) as an inference tool instead of the traditional p-values for hypothesis testing. By allowing the interval null hypothesis, we have shown that SGPV is able to alleviate the critical statistical issue by controlling Type I error rate more steadily while obtaining enough power. Advisors/Committee Members: Johnson, Robert (advisor), Kang, Hakmook (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: EMR; PheWAS; fMRI; Statistical analysis; study design; Type I error rate; Type II error rate; p-value; Multiple comparison; Second-generation p-values; SGPV; Interval null; Hypothesis testing

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APA (6th Edition):

-3660-4570. (2020). Coping With Complexities in High Dimensional Data: PheWAS in EMR and Statistical Inference in fMRI Data. (Doctoral Dissertation). Vanderbilt University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1803/15924

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Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

-3660-4570. “Coping With Complexities in High Dimensional Data: PheWAS in EMR and Statistical Inference in fMRI Data.” 2020. Doctoral Dissertation, Vanderbilt University. Accessed April 15, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/1803/15924.

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MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

-3660-4570. “Coping With Complexities in High Dimensional Data: PheWAS in EMR and Statistical Inference in fMRI Data.” 2020. Web. 15 Apr 2021.

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Vancouver:

-3660-4570. Coping With Complexities in High Dimensional Data: PheWAS in EMR and Statistical Inference in fMRI Data. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Vanderbilt University; 2020. [cited 2021 Apr 15]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1803/15924.

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Council of Science Editors:

-3660-4570. Coping With Complexities in High Dimensional Data: PheWAS in EMR and Statistical Inference in fMRI Data. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Vanderbilt University; 2020. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1803/15924

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Author name may be incomplete

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