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You searched for +publisher:"University of Wisconsin – La Cross" +contributor:("Baines, Anita"). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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University of Wisconsin – La Cross

1. Potter, Brandon. Biocontrol potential of endophytes of healthy Castanea dentata tissue for application against Cryphonectria parasitica.

Degree: 2018, University of Wisconsin – La Cross

The American chestnut, Castanea dentata (Marsh.) Borkh., was devastated by an exotic fungal pathogen, Cryphonectria parasitica (Murr.) Barr., introduced in the early 1900’s. Restoration of C. dentata is desirable for ecological and economic reasons. Endophytes, organisms that reside within host plant tissue without causing symptoms, may be a reservoir for sources of biological control agents (BCAs) active against C. parasitica. To evaluate this potential resource, endophytes were isolated from C. dentata stem sections. These were each screened in in vitro, dual-culture competition tests against four virulent C. parastica isolates and objectively assigned to antagonism classes. Of 109 endophytes screened, 84 (77%) showed some degree of antagonism against C. parasitica. Of the top ranked endophytes 10 of 24 tested were shown to excrete antibiotic substances active against C. parasitica. Microscopy failed to reveal any direct mycoparasitism among these top endophytes. Four of the top 18 endophytes were capable of colonizing a pre- established lawn of C. parasitica. The internal transcribed spacer (ITS) of these top performing endophytes was sequenced and each species putatively identified with Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST). The results of these experiments suggest several endophytes, particularly NC3K (Sordariomycetes), are candidates for further research and potential application as BCAs active against C. parasitica. Advisors/Committee Members: Rott, Marc, Osmundson, Todd, Volk, Thomas, Baines, Anita.

Subjects/Keywords: Cryphonectriaceae; American chestnut

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Potter, B. (2018). Biocontrol potential of endophytes of healthy Castanea dentata tissue for application against Cryphonectria parasitica. (Thesis). University of Wisconsin – La Cross. Retrieved from http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1793/78463

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Potter, Brandon. “Biocontrol potential of endophytes of healthy Castanea dentata tissue for application against Cryphonectria parasitica.” 2018. Thesis, University of Wisconsin – La Cross. Accessed June 16, 2019. http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1793/78463.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Potter, Brandon. “Biocontrol potential of endophytes of healthy Castanea dentata tissue for application against Cryphonectria parasitica.” 2018. Web. 16 Jun 2019.

Vancouver:

Potter B. Biocontrol potential of endophytes of healthy Castanea dentata tissue for application against Cryphonectria parasitica. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Wisconsin – La Cross; 2018. [cited 2019 Jun 16]. Available from: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1793/78463.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Potter B. Biocontrol potential of endophytes of healthy Castanea dentata tissue for application against Cryphonectria parasitica. [Thesis]. University of Wisconsin – La Cross; 2018. Available from: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1793/78463

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


University of Wisconsin – La Cross

2. Smith, Ashley. Biological control of cryphonectria parasitica with streptomyces and an analysis of vegetative compatibility diversity of cryphonectria parasitica in Wisconsin, USA.

Degree: 2013, University of Wisconsin – La Cross

The American chestnut tree (Castanea dentata) has been plagued by the fungal pathogen Cryphonectria parasitica. While the primary biological control treatment has relied upon the use of hypovirus, a mycovirus that reduces the virulence of C. parasitica, here the potential for a Streptomyces inoculum as a biological control is explored. Two Wisconsin stands of infected chestnut in Galesville and Rockland were inoculated with hypovirus and Streptomyces using a randomized block design. At these stands the Streptomyces treatment reduced canker length expansion rates more than the hypovirus treatments and control. The Streptomyces treatment had significantly lower canker width expansion rates compared to the control. In addition to having reduced canker expansion rates, the trees inoculated with Streptomyces had the lowest mortality rate. The diversity of the fungus was low at the study sites and consisted of only two known vegetative compatibility types at each stand. This low level of diversity made it ideal for hypovirus dispersal, and for limiting canker expansion rates. This research supports the hypothesis that Streptomyces treatment is an effective alternative to hypovirus treatment that may prove beneficial in areas where hypovirus efforts have failed. Advisors/Committee Members: Baines, Anita.

Subjects/Keywords: Pathogenic fungi.; Castanea  – United States.; American chestnut.

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Smith, A. (2013). Biological control of cryphonectria parasitica with streptomyces and an analysis of vegetative compatibility diversity of cryphonectria parasitica in Wisconsin, USA. (Thesis). University of Wisconsin – La Cross. Retrieved from http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1793/69673

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Smith, Ashley. “Biological control of cryphonectria parasitica with streptomyces and an analysis of vegetative compatibility diversity of cryphonectria parasitica in Wisconsin, USA.” 2013. Thesis, University of Wisconsin – La Cross. Accessed June 16, 2019. http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1793/69673.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Smith, Ashley. “Biological control of cryphonectria parasitica with streptomyces and an analysis of vegetative compatibility diversity of cryphonectria parasitica in Wisconsin, USA.” 2013. Web. 16 Jun 2019.

Vancouver:

Smith A. Biological control of cryphonectria parasitica with streptomyces and an analysis of vegetative compatibility diversity of cryphonectria parasitica in Wisconsin, USA. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Wisconsin – La Cross; 2013. [cited 2019 Jun 16]. Available from: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1793/69673.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Smith A. Biological control of cryphonectria parasitica with streptomyces and an analysis of vegetative compatibility diversity of cryphonectria parasitica in Wisconsin, USA. [Thesis]. University of Wisconsin – La Cross; 2013. Available from: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1793/69673

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


University of Wisconsin – La Cross

3. Paluch, Elisabeth. Can commercial AMF inoculum improve prairie restoration?  – Colonization and growth effects of fungi on sand prairie plants and smooth brome in field soils.

Degree: 2011, University of Wisconsin – La Cross

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) affect the species composition, structure, and function of prairie ecosystems, but prairie restorations are frequently located in sites with depauperate AMF communities. In this greenhouse study, four native sand prairie species (Schizachyrium scoparium, Elymus canadensis, Monarda punctata, and Aster ericoides) and an invasive grass (Bromus inermis) were grown in unsterilized field soils and treated with two brands of commercial AMF inoculum. Inocula were applied at the manufacturers' suggested rate and at two times the recommended rate. Soil was collected from two locations: a meadow enrolled in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) that is dominated by Bromus inermis, and from an active agricultural field. At the rates used in this study, the commercial inoculum did not significantly increase biomass or percent colonization of any grass species. However, both biomass and percent colonization in Aster were influenced by inoculum type, although treated individuals were not significantly different from control groups in pairwise comparisons. Increased percent colonization in all three grasses and increased biomass in the native grasses was observed in individuals grown in the CRP soil. In terms of prairie restoration, an existing soil fungal community appears to be more productive in terms of percent colonization and plant biomass than an addition of commercial inocula. Advisors/Committee Members: Tyser, Robin, Baines, Anita, Thomsen, Meredith, Volk, Thomas.

Subjects/Keywords: Prairie restoration; Soil inoculation; Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Paluch, E. (2011). Can commercial AMF inoculum improve prairie restoration?  – Colonization and growth effects of fungi on sand prairie plants and smooth brome in field soils. (Thesis). University of Wisconsin – La Cross. Retrieved from http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1793/53477

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Paluch, Elisabeth. “Can commercial AMF inoculum improve prairie restoration?  – Colonization and growth effects of fungi on sand prairie plants and smooth brome in field soils.” 2011. Thesis, University of Wisconsin – La Cross. Accessed June 16, 2019. http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1793/53477.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Paluch, Elisabeth. “Can commercial AMF inoculum improve prairie restoration?  – Colonization and growth effects of fungi on sand prairie plants and smooth brome in field soils.” 2011. Web. 16 Jun 2019.

Vancouver:

Paluch E. Can commercial AMF inoculum improve prairie restoration?  – Colonization and growth effects of fungi on sand prairie plants and smooth brome in field soils. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Wisconsin – La Cross; 2011. [cited 2019 Jun 16]. Available from: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1793/53477.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Paluch E. Can commercial AMF inoculum improve prairie restoration?  – Colonization and growth effects of fungi on sand prairie plants and smooth brome in field soils. [Thesis]. University of Wisconsin – La Cross; 2011. Available from: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1793/53477

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

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