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You searched for +publisher:"University of Texas – Austin" +contributor:("McRoy, Ruth G."). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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1. Chanmugam, Amy Gardiner. Perspectives of young adolescent and mother dyads residing in family violence shelters : a qualitative study using life story methods.

Degree: PhD, Social Work, 2009, University of Texas – Austin

This study provided a comprehensive picture of the lives of young adolescents (ages 12-14) and their mothers residing in emergency family violence shelters. It used qualitative Life Story methods emphasizing a holistic, contextualized, chronological approach to gain deeper insight into experiences as told from the emic perspectives of individuals who have lived them, with research questions addressing relationships, intimate partner violence (IPV), coping, and views of the future. The study was prompted by the prevalence of childhood exposure to adult IPV with 15.5 million American children/adolescents exposed annually, the risks of IPV exposure, and the paucity of first-person perspectives in existing research. Research focusing on adolescents is especially lacking. The study was informed by social cognitive and family systems theories and an ecological/resilience framework. An ethnically diverse, purposive sample of 14 young adolescent-mother dyads (N= 27) was recruited from four Texas shelters. Youth and mothers were interviewed separately using a semi-structured interview guide. They completed standardized measures of IPV exposure level and youth psychological adjustment. Interviews were analyzed using thematic and categorical-content analysis. Four staff interviews at recruitment sites added context. Results revealed high levels of IPV exposure, poverty, parental incarceration, child maltreatment, residential instability, school transitions and maternal health problems. Seven themes were prominent in youths’ life stories, with the most prevalent concerning lifelong frequent moves, highly cohesive family boundaries, and loss and fear. Other themes concerned evolution in youths’ thinking about family issues, complex feelings about adult males, centrality of physical child abuse, and the influence of parental crack cocaine abuse in their lives. Numerous quotes voice participants’ strengths in spite of adversities. Youth typically framed experiences in terms of how they affected daily living, with IPV interwoven with the broader themes. Youth described key relationships, perceptions of fathers, general coping strategies, situational coping with IPV (including safety planning behaviors), perspectives on shelters, potential protective factors, and views of the future. Mothers’ interviews expanded interpretation of youth narratives. Results compare youth-mother perspectives. Implications are discussed for theory, research, and social work practice, including practice in emergency shelters, schools, substance abuse treatment programs, law enforcement and CPS. Advisors/Committee Members: Busch-Armendariz, Noël Bridget (advisor), McRoy, Ruth G. (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Family violence shelters; Adolescents; Mothers; Intimate partner violence; Youth Psychological adjustment

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Chanmugam, A. G. (2009). Perspectives of young adolescent and mother dyads residing in family violence shelters : a qualitative study using life story methods. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Texas – Austin. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2152/23937

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Chanmugam, Amy Gardiner. “Perspectives of young adolescent and mother dyads residing in family violence shelters : a qualitative study using life story methods.” 2009. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Texas – Austin. Accessed October 19, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/2152/23937.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Chanmugam, Amy Gardiner. “Perspectives of young adolescent and mother dyads residing in family violence shelters : a qualitative study using life story methods.” 2009. Web. 19 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Chanmugam AG. Perspectives of young adolescent and mother dyads residing in family violence shelters : a qualitative study using life story methods. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Texas – Austin; 2009. [cited 2019 Oct 19]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2152/23937.

Council of Science Editors:

Chanmugam AG. Perspectives of young adolescent and mother dyads residing in family violence shelters : a qualitative study using life story methods. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Texas – Austin; 2009. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2152/23937


University of Texas – Austin

2. Smith-McKeever, Thelma Chedgzsey. African American adoptions: an exploratory study of post-adoption outcomes among African American adoptive families who have adopted children from African American adoption agencies.

Degree: PhD, Social Work, 2002, University of Texas – Austin

The parents of 83 African American special-needs children who adopted through two private African American adoption agencies in California were surveyed regarding their post-adoption adjustment, satisfaction with their adoptions, parenting stress and children’s behavior. Parenting stress levels were measured using the Parenting Stress Inventory (Abidin, 1986) and child’s behavior was measured using the Child Behavior Checklist (Achenbach & Edelbrock, 1983). Comparisons were made of outcomes between single and two-parent adoptive families and infant and older child adoptive families. The sample was comprised of 24 single-parent and 58 two-parent x adoptive families. No significant differences were found in outcomes for younger child adopters (36 months or less at the time of adoption) versus those who adopted older children (37 months or more at the time of adoption) child adopters. Though children who were adopted before the age of three had lower CBCL total problem, internalizing and externalizing scores when compared to children who were adopted after the age of three, the parents of children who were adopted before the age of three expressed less overall satisfaction with their adoptions than did the parents of children adopted after the age of three. Children of single adoptive parents had significantly higher (p = .020) CBCL externalizing scores than did children in two-parent families. However, they were not more likely to have externalizing scores in the clinical range. No other significant differences in outcomes among single and two-parent adoptive families were found. Results also indicated that, though the differences were not statistically significant, single adoptive parents had lower Parenting Stress Inventory total scores than did married adoptive parents. This sample of African American adoptive families was unique in that they very much mirrored the demographic profile of White private agency adopters. As with White private agency adopters, the African American adoptive parents in the sample were highly educated, with 95% of mothers and 86.6% of fathers having graduated from college. They tended to work in full-time professional occupations, earned high yearly gross incomes (mean = $67,124) and were most likely (42.7%) to cite infertility as their primary motivation to adopt. While the sample had similar demographic backgrounds to White private agency adopters, they differed in that the African American adoptive families in this sample were most likely to adopt children who were older (mean age at adoption = 22.16 months for sample vs. 1 month for Whites) and in child welfare custody (62.2%). Advisors/Committee Members: McRoy, Ruth G. (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Adoption – United States; African American children; Adoption agencies – United States

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Smith-McKeever, T. C. (2002). African American adoptions: an exploratory study of post-adoption outcomes among African American adoptive families who have adopted children from African American adoption agencies. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Texas – Austin. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2152/943

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Smith-McKeever, Thelma Chedgzsey. “African American adoptions: an exploratory study of post-adoption outcomes among African American adoptive families who have adopted children from African American adoption agencies.” 2002. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Texas – Austin. Accessed October 19, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/2152/943.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Smith-McKeever, Thelma Chedgzsey. “African American adoptions: an exploratory study of post-adoption outcomes among African American adoptive families who have adopted children from African American adoption agencies.” 2002. Web. 19 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Smith-McKeever TC. African American adoptions: an exploratory study of post-adoption outcomes among African American adoptive families who have adopted children from African American adoption agencies. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Texas – Austin; 2002. [cited 2019 Oct 19]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2152/943.

Council of Science Editors:

Smith-McKeever TC. African American adoptions: an exploratory study of post-adoption outcomes among African American adoptive families who have adopted children from African American adoption agencies. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Texas – Austin; 2002. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2152/943

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