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You searched for +publisher:"University of Notre Dame" +contributor:("Doris Bergen, Committee Chair"). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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University of Notre Dame

1. Elizabeth C Strauss. “Cast me not off in my time of old age…”: The Aged and Aging in the Łódź Ghetto, 1939-1944.

Degree: PhD, History, 2013, University of Notre Dame

This dissertation is an exploration of the aged and aging in the Łódź ghetto from 1939 to 1944. The first two years of German occupation and Jewish subjugation from May 1940 to September 1942 provide the chronological focus for my analysis of the experiences of older Jews in the Łódź ghetto. Aged Jews in the ghetto struggled for their own survival and contributed to the wellbeing of the larger community. Constant negotiations between the needs of older Jews and various communal objectives generated moments of solidarity and revealed devastating tensions within the community. The escalating policies of German authorities during the first years of the ghetto period created an environment in which possibilities of survival among the elderly dwindled. Negotiations for survival in the contexts of work, family, and communal life reveal the degradation of fundamental social structures. Through the lens of aging, both actual and metaphorical, this dissertation reveals connections between the fate of the aged in the ghetto and the community as a whole. In early September 1942 German authorities led a violent assault on the Jewish community in the Łódź ghetto that targeted Jews under the age of ten and over the age of sixty-five for murder. During the week of 5 September 16,500 Jews were torn from community institutions and family dwellings, contained in collections points, and loaded on trains bound for the death camp at Chełmno. No family was left untouched, and all were engulfed by grief over the death of loved ones. The community’s oldest generation was killed overnight. The collection of individuals that remained alive in the Łódź ghetto in the wake of this mass murder experienced the phenomenon of rapid collective aging. From 1939 through 1942, German policies ensured the deaths of tens of thousands of elderly Jews in the Łódź ghetto and the hallmarks of a vibrant, cohesive Jewish community died. Advisors/Committee Members: Doris Bergen , Committee Chair, Semion Lyandres, Committee Member, Asher Kaufman, Committee Member, Paul Jaskot, Committee Member.

Subjects/Keywords: Family Life; Jewish Community; Jewish Leadership; Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski; Jewish Labor; Elderly; Aging; Aged; Łódź Ghetto; Holocaust; Jewish History

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Strauss, E. C. (2013). “Cast me not off in my time of old age…”: The Aged and Aging in the Łódź Ghetto, 1939-1944. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Notre Dame. Retrieved from https://curate.nd.edu/show/6h440r9868r

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Strauss, Elizabeth C. ““Cast me not off in my time of old age…”: The Aged and Aging in the Łódź Ghetto, 1939-1944.” 2013. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Notre Dame. Accessed November 17, 2017. https://curate.nd.edu/show/6h440r9868r.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Strauss, Elizabeth C. ““Cast me not off in my time of old age…”: The Aged and Aging in the Łódź Ghetto, 1939-1944.” 2013. Web. 17 Nov 2017.

Vancouver:

Strauss EC. “Cast me not off in my time of old age…”: The Aged and Aging in the Łódź Ghetto, 1939-1944. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Notre Dame; 2013. [cited 2017 Nov 17]. Available from: https://curate.nd.edu/show/6h440r9868r.

Council of Science Editors:

Strauss EC. “Cast me not off in my time of old age…”: The Aged and Aging in the Łódź Ghetto, 1939-1944. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Notre Dame; 2013. Available from: https://curate.nd.edu/show/6h440r9868r


University of Notre Dame

2. Steven Mark Schroeder. Reconciliation in Occupied Germany, 1944-1954.

Degree: PhD, History, 2008, University of Notre Dame

During the decade between the collapse of the Nazi Empire and the end of Allied occupation of West Germany, a wide variety of individuals and groups in all four occupation zones began processes of reconciliation between Germans and their wartime enemies and victims. This dissertation studies those early steps toward reconciliation and compares and contrasts developments in the western zones of occupation, eventually the Federal Republic of Germany, and the eastern zone/German Democratic Republic. In many ways, interactions between the Allies and Germans in the first year of occupation supported reconciliatory efforts. However, Allied-German relations proceeded with a mandated distance between the two groups and through legal impositions on the German people. A different approach was needed in order to achieve the peaceful integration of Germany into international affairs. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) – international and German – provided such an alternative. Rather than addressing exclusively the statist concerns that drove Allied policies, NGOs prioritized attempts at reconciliation between individuals and communities, provided a crucial link between Germans and the outside world, and fostered dialogue in ways that governments and military personnel did not. After the collapse of the Third Reich, most Germans were unwilling to engage critically with the recent past. Still, the conditions of Allied occupation and demands of the international community led Germans to acknowledge, however reluctantly, the crimes of the Nazi era. In all parts of occupied Germany, NGOs – aided by a disparate array of individuals – played a key role in shaping public memory of the past. In western Germany, Germans engaged in discussions and negotiations that acknowledged Nazi crimes and recognized victims of Nazism. Discourses created in eastern Germany also acknowledged Nazi crimes but did not admit that Germans in the Soviet zone/German Democratic Republic bore any responsibility for them. In general, the motives of people involved in initiating dialogue between former enemies and between perpetrators and their victims mattered less than actions and their repercussions. As the increasing divergence after 1947 between the situation in western and eastern Germany indicates, however, Allied support was necessary, if not sufficient, for any productive efforts at reconciliation. Advisors/Committee Members: Doris Bergen, Committee Chair, Semion Lyandres, Committee Member, Wilson Miscamble, C.S.C., Committee Member, Thomas Kselman, Committee Member.

Subjects/Keywords: Soviets; Nazism; victims; Christian-Jewish relations; NGOs; Allies; reparations

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Schroeder, S. M. (2008). Reconciliation in Occupied Germany, 1944-1954. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Notre Dame. Retrieved from https://curate.nd.edu/show/4j03cz32k79

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Schroeder, Steven Mark. “Reconciliation in Occupied Germany, 1944-1954.” 2008. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Notre Dame. Accessed November 17, 2017. https://curate.nd.edu/show/4j03cz32k79.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Schroeder, Steven Mark. “Reconciliation in Occupied Germany, 1944-1954.” 2008. Web. 17 Nov 2017.

Vancouver:

Schroeder SM. Reconciliation in Occupied Germany, 1944-1954. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Notre Dame; 2008. [cited 2017 Nov 17]. Available from: https://curate.nd.edu/show/4j03cz32k79.

Council of Science Editors:

Schroeder SM. Reconciliation in Occupied Germany, 1944-1954. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Notre Dame; 2008. Available from: https://curate.nd.edu/show/4j03cz32k79

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