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You searched for +publisher:"University of North Carolina" +contributor:("Chowa, Gina"). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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University of North Carolina

1. Despard, Mathieu. Evidence-Based Practice in Nonprofit Human Service Organizations.

Degree: 2015, University of North Carolina

Engaging in evidence-based practice (EBP) is one of the key ways nonprofit human service organizations (NPHSOs) can improve programs to better respond to community needs. However, to identify, adapt, implement, and sustain EBPs requires capacity, which many smaller NPHSOs lack in areas like evaluation. Capacity-building may help NPHSOs further engage in EBP, yet more knowledge is needed concerning valid ways to measure NPHSO capacity and the impacts of capacity-building related to EBP. The aims of this study are to 1) develop a model with testable hypotheses concerning the effect of organizational factors on EBP engagement in NPHSOs; 2) identify a valid way to measure NPHSO capacity; and 3) assess NPHSO capacity-building outcomes related to EBP engagement. In Chapter 1, a brief overview of the key challenges confronting NPHSOs is provided. EBP is reviewed as a promising strategy for confronting these challenges and discussed in relation to NPHSO characteristics. In Chapter 2, a conceptual model explaining EBP engagement as the use of best available evidence to inform programming decisions in NPHSOs is presented. Research evidence concerning capacity and readiness factors which promote EBP engagement is reviewed. The perceived advantage of EBP engagement and alignment of evidence with NPHSOs' mission and capacity are presented as factors mediating the relationship between readiness and EBP engagement. In Chapter 3, confirmatory factor analysis is used to test the fit of three different models for measuring NPHSO capacity. A model with four sub-scales related to resource development, program development, management, and governance capacity fit the data well, while two models with a larger number of items assessing organizational performance did not. In Chapter 4, the effects of capacity-building on evaluation in NPHSOs are assessed using subset efficacy analysis. NPHSOs that received evaluation-related capacity-building assistance experienced statistically significant gains in four of five evaluation capacities compared to a control group after controlling for organizational characteristics, motivation to receive assistance, and amount of financial assistance. Lastly, in Chapter 5, key findings are synthesized, limitations are delineated, and practice, policy, and research implications are described. Advisors/Committee Members: Despard, Mathieu, Chowa, Gina, Howard, Matthew O., Kelley, Thomas, Nelson, Gary, Rounds, Kathleen.

Subjects/Keywords: Social service; Organizational behavior; Political planning; School of Social Work

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Despard, M. (2015). Evidence-Based Practice in Nonprofit Human Service Organizations. (Thesis). University of North Carolina. Retrieved from https://cdr.lib.unc.edu/record/uuid:c2041fbd-3848-484e-80ad-57ba730ad2ac

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Despard, Mathieu. “Evidence-Based Practice in Nonprofit Human Service Organizations.” 2015. Thesis, University of North Carolina. Accessed December 04, 2020. https://cdr.lib.unc.edu/record/uuid:c2041fbd-3848-484e-80ad-57ba730ad2ac.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Despard, Mathieu. “Evidence-Based Practice in Nonprofit Human Service Organizations.” 2015. Web. 04 Dec 2020.

Vancouver:

Despard M. Evidence-Based Practice in Nonprofit Human Service Organizations. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of North Carolina; 2015. [cited 2020 Dec 04]. Available from: https://cdr.lib.unc.edu/record/uuid:c2041fbd-3848-484e-80ad-57ba730ad2ac.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Despard M. Evidence-Based Practice in Nonprofit Human Service Organizations. [Thesis]. University of North Carolina; 2015. Available from: https://cdr.lib.unc.edu/record/uuid:c2041fbd-3848-484e-80ad-57ba730ad2ac

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


University of North Carolina

2. Wu, Shiyou. Welfare Participation and Depression Among Youth and Young Adults in the United States and China.

Degree: 2017, University of North Carolina

Globally, depression is one of the most common mental disorders among youth and young adults, occurring at similar rates in countries with dissimilar cultures, such as the United States and China. Despite cultural differences, both the United States and China have systems of public welfare that create a social safety net and provide at least a minimal standard of living. Although many studies have documented the prevalence of mental health issues among adult welfare recipients, little empirical research has examined the prevalence of depression among youth and young adults who were raised in welfare recipient families. To address this gap in the knowledge, this dissertation uses welfare participation as a marker of low socioeconomic status with the aim of creating a nuanced understanding of the relationship between welfare participation and youth depression in the United States and China. The first paper presents a systematic review of 15 reports that evaluated the relationship of welfare participation with the prevalence of youth depression in the United States. Results from four descriptive studies had mixed findings, whereas the remaining comparison studies consistently showed an association between welfare participation and elevated risk of depression. The second paper used the U.S. Add Health data to investigate the relationship between childhood welfare participation and depression during young adulthood. Results showed childhood welfare participation to be positively related to self-reported depression score in young adulthood. However, no significant relationship between childhood welfare participation and clinical diagnoses of depression was observed. Additionally, subgroup analyses (i.e., by poor, near-poor, and non-poor groups and by gender) indicated that the higher depression scores were significant only for the poor group, whereas only the near-poor group had a significantly higher probability of being diagnosed with depression. Moreover, female young adults raised in families that received welfare had significantly higher depression scores. The third paper used data from a national survey conducted in China to examine the relationship between participating the Dibao welfare program and depression among Chinese youth. Results showed that Dibao-recipient youth had significantly higher depression scores compared to non-recipient youth. Moreover, subgroup analyses showed significantly higher depression scores among 4 groups of Dibao-recipient youth: those living in rural areas, those with a child, females with a child, and rural female with a child. Overall, the findings presented across these 3 papers are consistent and suggest youth from welfare recipient families have a higher vulnerability to depression. Each of the papers includes a discussion of the implications for social work practice and future research. Advisors/Committee Members: Wu, Shiyou, Fraser, Mark W., Chapman, Mimi, Chowa, Gina, Gao, Qin, Huang, Jingfang, Rounds, Kathleen.

Subjects/Keywords: School of Social Work

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Wu, S. (2017). Welfare Participation and Depression Among Youth and Young Adults in the United States and China. (Thesis). University of North Carolina. Retrieved from https://cdr.lib.unc.edu/record/uuid:f4a09608-090b-429c-87ba-9add3c95428c

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Wu, Shiyou. “Welfare Participation and Depression Among Youth and Young Adults in the United States and China.” 2017. Thesis, University of North Carolina. Accessed December 04, 2020. https://cdr.lib.unc.edu/record/uuid:f4a09608-090b-429c-87ba-9add3c95428c.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Wu, Shiyou. “Welfare Participation and Depression Among Youth and Young Adults in the United States and China.” 2017. Web. 04 Dec 2020.

Vancouver:

Wu S. Welfare Participation and Depression Among Youth and Young Adults in the United States and China. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of North Carolina; 2017. [cited 2020 Dec 04]. Available from: https://cdr.lib.unc.edu/record/uuid:f4a09608-090b-429c-87ba-9add3c95428c.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Wu S. Welfare Participation and Depression Among Youth and Young Adults in the United States and China. [Thesis]. University of North Carolina; 2017. Available from: https://cdr.lib.unc.edu/record/uuid:f4a09608-090b-429c-87ba-9add3c95428c

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


University of North Carolina

3. Masa, Rainier. Food Security and Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence among People Living with HIV in Lundazi District, Zambia: A Pilot Study.

Degree: 2016, University of North Carolina

Food security, or adequate access to food at all times, is critical to the health and well-being of people living with HIV (PLHIV). Research has shown that food insecurity is associated with suboptimal adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Nonadherence, in turn, predicts adverse health outcomes, including higher risk of mortality. However, evidence remains limited on the prevalence, correlates and effects of food insecurity on treatment adherence, as well as appropriate strategies to improve food security in rural and resource-limited settings. This dissertation aims to: 1) expand the literature on food insecurity and ART adherence in resource-limited settings, particularly in rural communities; and 2) examine the effectiveness of an income-generating strategy to increase food security and treatment adherence among PLHIV in Lundazi District, Eastern Province, Zambia. The study sample included 101 PLHIV who were attending two health facilities in Lundazi District and participating in a pilot integrated HIV and livelihood program. Consistent with prior research, food insecurity was highly prevalent among the study sample. Ninety-three and 95 percent of the sample were food insecure at baseline and follow-up, respectively. In addition, at least 70% of the sample was severely food-insecure at both time points. In this rural sample of PLHIV, food insecurity was predicted by lack of economic security in the household. Lower income, fewer assets, and having debts were significantly associated with food insecurity. Results also indicated an inverse, albeit not statistically significant, association between food insecurity and treatment adherence. Food-insecure PLHIV were less likely to achieve optimal treatment adherence contrasted with food-secure PLHIV. Finally, participation in a livelihood program contributed to statistically significant increase in food security, as well as positive effect on treatment adherence. Findings suggest that food security can be improved using a promising intervention that targets underlying social and economic determinants of food insecurity among PLHIV. Implications of findings for social work policy, practice, and research, as well as key study limitations, are discussed. Advisors/Committee Members: Masa, Rainier, Chowa, Gina, Rounds, Kathleen, Singh Ongechi, Kavita, Guo, Shenyang, Sherraden, Michael.

Subjects/Keywords: School of Social Work

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Masa, R. (2016). Food Security and Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence among People Living with HIV in Lundazi District, Zambia: A Pilot Study. (Thesis). University of North Carolina. Retrieved from https://cdr.lib.unc.edu/record/uuid:8e430e09-ca57-4a89-84c0-165926785d5d

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Masa, Rainier. “Food Security and Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence among People Living with HIV in Lundazi District, Zambia: A Pilot Study.” 2016. Thesis, University of North Carolina. Accessed December 04, 2020. https://cdr.lib.unc.edu/record/uuid:8e430e09-ca57-4a89-84c0-165926785d5d.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Masa, Rainier. “Food Security and Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence among People Living with HIV in Lundazi District, Zambia: A Pilot Study.” 2016. Web. 04 Dec 2020.

Vancouver:

Masa R. Food Security and Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence among People Living with HIV in Lundazi District, Zambia: A Pilot Study. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of North Carolina; 2016. [cited 2020 Dec 04]. Available from: https://cdr.lib.unc.edu/record/uuid:8e430e09-ca57-4a89-84c0-165926785d5d.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Masa R. Food Security and Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence among People Living with HIV in Lundazi District, Zambia: A Pilot Study. [Thesis]. University of North Carolina; 2016. Available from: https://cdr.lib.unc.edu/record/uuid:8e430e09-ca57-4a89-84c0-165926785d5d

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.