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You searched for +publisher:"University of Kansas" +contributor:("Roma, Peter G"). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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University of Kansas

1. Kaplan, Brent A. The Effects of Happy Hour Drink Specials in the Alcohol Purchase Task.

Degree: PhD, Applied Behavioral Science, 2016, University of Kansas

Operant behavioral economics is a discipline within behavioral psychology that integrates concepts and principles from microeconomic theory to examine animal (humans and non-humans alike) behavior. Research in behavioral economics – primarily demand curve analyses – has yielded valuable insights into the role of environmental effects on reinforcer consumption. Demand curve analyses examine how changes in a price of a good affect changes in consumption of that good. Due to practical and ethical concerns, preparations in demand curve analyses have shifted toward using hypothetical purchase tasks, where respondents report the quantity of a good they would be willing to purchase at various prices. There is strong evidence to suggest that happy hour drink specials are associated with undesirable outcomes such as increased amount of drinking, increased likelihood of being highly intoxicated (above the 80 mg/dl legal limit for driving under the influence), and increased likelihood of experiencing negative outcomes related to drinking (e.g., getting into fights). Public policy efforts have been made to ban or at least restrict alcohol drink specials. Drink special policies across the 50 states indicate wide variability, ranging from complete happy hour bans to no bans or restrictions. The purposes of the current experiments are to determine whether self-reported consumption of alcohol on an alcohol purchase task increases when participants imagine a hypothetical “happy hour” scenario and whether there are differences in change in consumption depending on whether participants reside in states with different happy hour restrictions (i.e., whether happy hours are banned). Results from the current experiments extend previous literature on alcohol purchase task vignette manipulations and provide some insight as to whether repealing happy hour bans in states where it is currently banned results in increased alcohol consumption. Advisors/Committee Members: Reed, Derek D (advisor), DiGennaro Reed, Florence D (cmtemember), Jarmolowicz, David P (cmtemember), Roma, Peter G (cmtemember), Johnson, Paul E (cmtemember).

Subjects/Keywords: Behavioral sciences; Behavioral psychology; Psychology; alcohol purchase task; behavioral economics; decision making; demand curve; framing; hypothetical purchase task

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Kaplan, B. A. (2016). The Effects of Happy Hour Drink Specials in the Alcohol Purchase Task. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Kansas. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1808/25355

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Kaplan, Brent A. “The Effects of Happy Hour Drink Specials in the Alcohol Purchase Task.” 2016. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Kansas. Accessed June 16, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/1808/25355.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Kaplan, Brent A. “The Effects of Happy Hour Drink Specials in the Alcohol Purchase Task.” 2016. Web. 16 Jun 2019.

Vancouver:

Kaplan BA. The Effects of Happy Hour Drink Specials in the Alcohol Purchase Task. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Kansas; 2016. [cited 2019 Jun 16]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1808/25355.

Council of Science Editors:

Kaplan BA. The Effects of Happy Hour Drink Specials in the Alcohol Purchase Task. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Kansas; 2016. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1808/25355


University of Kansas

2. Henley, Amy Jessica. Translating reinforcer dimensions and behavioral economic demand to inform incentive delivery in organizational behavior management.

Degree: PhD, Applied Behavioral Science, 2017, University of Kansas

Recent research has effectively translated behavioral economic demand curve analyses for use with work-related behavior and workplace incentives (e.g., Henley, DiGennaro Reed, Reed, & Kaplan, 2016). The present experiments integrated a hypothetical and experiential demand preparation into a computerized task for use with Amazon Mechanical Turk Workers to evaluate the effects of parametric manipulations of reinforcer dimensions on performance using a behavioral economic demand framework. The first experiment examined the effects of three incentive magnitudes (0.05, 0.10, and 0.20) on performance assessed with a progressive ratio schedule. Results indicate responding on the hypothetical and experiential demand assessments was sensitive to incentive magnitude, with higher responding in the higher incentive magnitude conditions. Participant responses on the hypothetical assessment were in general agreement with observed responding in the experiential assessment. The second experiment extended the methods of Experiment 1 to evaluate the effects of three parametric values of reinforcer probability (10%, 50%, and 90% probability of earning incentives). Responding was generally comparable for all three probability conditions. Experiment 3 evaluated the effects of three delays to incentive receipt (1, 14, and 28 days). Responding was higher in the condition in which incentives were delayed by 1 as compared to 28 days. Results of the current studies may inform the development of novel methods for measuring reinforcer efficacy in organizations. Advisors/Committee Members: DiGennaro Reed, Florence D. (advisor), Reed, Derek D. (cmtemember), Roma, Peter G. (cmtemember), Morris, Edward K. (cmtemember), Fowles, Jacob T. (cmtemember).

Subjects/Keywords: Behavioral sciences; Behavioral economics; Behavior analysis; Demand; Incentives; Organizational behavior management; Performance

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Henley, A. J. (2017). Translating reinforcer dimensions and behavioral economic demand to inform incentive delivery in organizational behavior management. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Kansas. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1808/26327

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Henley, Amy Jessica. “Translating reinforcer dimensions and behavioral economic demand to inform incentive delivery in organizational behavior management.” 2017. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Kansas. Accessed June 16, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/1808/26327.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Henley, Amy Jessica. “Translating reinforcer dimensions and behavioral economic demand to inform incentive delivery in organizational behavior management.” 2017. Web. 16 Jun 2019.

Vancouver:

Henley AJ. Translating reinforcer dimensions and behavioral economic demand to inform incentive delivery in organizational behavior management. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Kansas; 2017. [cited 2019 Jun 16]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1808/26327.

Council of Science Editors:

Henley AJ. Translating reinforcer dimensions and behavioral economic demand to inform incentive delivery in organizational behavior management. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Kansas; 2017. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1808/26327

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