University of Kansas
Johnson, Adrienne Marie.
Processing of wh-movement by second language learners.
Degree: MA, Linguistics, 2012, University of Kansas
This study examined whether, similar to native speakers of English, native Korean learners of English are able to process sentences with wh-dependencies incrementally, using grammatical constraints on wh-islands. Participants completed two self-paced reading experiments using a moving window self-paced reading paradigm (Just, Carpenter & Wooley, 1982). Experiment 1 examined whether the parser processes sentences incrementally and Experiment 2 examined whether the parser accurately avoids positing gaps at illicit positions within relative clause islands despite the presence of a gap licensing verb. The results showed that Korean learners of English show evidence of incremental parsing in the form of filled gap effects, similar to the patterns shown by native speakers (Stowe 1986, Canales 2012). Also similar to native speakers, Korean learners of English avoid positing gaps in positions prohibited by syntactic islands. Thus, our findings suggest that L2 learners are able to use the same syntactic information in their on-line processing as is used by native speakers, contra the claims of the Shallow Structure Hypothesis (Clahsen & Felser, 2006 a,b). Furthermore, our study provides evidence that L2 learners have access to such abstract syntactic information even when their native language does not instantiate wh-movement or island constraints as in English.
Advisors/Committee Members: Gabriele, Alison (advisor), Fiorentino, Robert (advisor), Gabriele, Alison (cmtemember), Fiorentino, Rob (cmtemember), Sereno, Joan (cmtemember).
Subjects/Keywords: Linguistics; Acquisition; L2; Processing; Second language acquisition
to Zotero / EndNote / Reference
APA (6th Edition):
Johnson, A. M. (2012). Processing of wh-movement by second language learners. (Masters Thesis). University of Kansas. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1808/10861
Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):
Johnson, Adrienne Marie. “Processing of wh-movement by second language learners.” 2012. Masters Thesis, University of Kansas. Accessed January 19, 2020.
MLA Handbook (7th Edition):
Johnson, Adrienne Marie. “Processing of wh-movement by second language learners.” 2012. Web. 19 Jan 2020.
Johnson AM. Processing of wh-movement by second language learners. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Kansas; 2012. [cited 2020 Jan 19].
Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1808/10861.
Council of Science Editors:
Johnson AM. Processing of wh-movement by second language learners. [Masters Thesis]. University of Kansas; 2012. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1808/10861