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You searched for +publisher:"University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign" +contributor:("Iwamoto, Gary"). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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1. Boscolo, Marco. Optimization of inversion ankle taping: A Taguchi method based study.

Degree: PhD, 0351, 2013, University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign

Optimization of a complex process or system is often a task utilized in industrial engineering where specialized Designs of Experiments (DOEs) are used. Optimization for the purpose of finding the ideal condition of a product or process is a novel concept in kinesiology. In kinesiology research comparing 3 or more multi-level independent variables (IVs) is rarely conducted. In optimization DOE studies, each IV is a multi-level independent variable and all combinations of these variables are studied simultaneously with a factorial DOE approach or method. One such method is the Taguchi Method (TM), which is a robust industrial engineering optimization DOE method developed by Dr. Genichi Taguchi in post WWII Japan. The TM was created for the purpose of developing a product or process in a cost effective and efficient manner. To conserve resources the TM relies on fractional factorial orthogonal arrays, which require half or less of all possible linear combinations (LC). The TM works best when the materials under study behave uniformly. When the material behaves uniformly only a few replications of a LC are needed. In optimization studies with humans, humans are the material, and often humans behave non-uniformly which requires many repeat observations of LCs to achieve stable results. The purpose of this study was to validate the use of the TM in a kinesiology and athletic training application using humans along with determining what sample size produces consistent results in a TM study. For this study, the reduction in ankle inversion motion was studied by manipulating ankle taping variables relating to how thick the tape was applied, how high up the lower leg tape was applied, and how thick the prewrap was applied. Each independent variable (IV) was studied at two levels using the same ankle taping pattern. A TM orthogonal linear array four (L4) and a full factorial array were compared to see how close the two arrays optimal results were in value. For score stability progressively smaller sample sizes were analyzed. Video and inclinometery based motion analyses were used to measure the amount of ankle inversion motion, and the amount of plantar flexion. In addition, the weight of each participant’s ankle taping for each LC was measured for cost comparison. No TM based environmental variables where used in this study. Repeated measures statistical analysis was used which involved each participant being tested in each of the taping LCs, a no tape condition, and a durable ankle brace condition. The participants had no history of ankle injury in the past 12 months. The results of this study showed the TM identifying the same optimal LC parameters as the full factorial approach. The results also showed that the TM’s estimated optimal condition value was consistent with the optimal value found with the full factorial approach. To achieve statically significant results a sample size of n = 34 was needed in this study, but if the main emphasis of the researcher was in identifying meaningful difference between LC for… Advisors/Committee Members: Zhu, Weimo (advisor), Zhu, Weimo (Committee Chair), Iwamoto, Gary (committee member), Sosnoff, Jacob J. (committee member), Broglio, Steven P. (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Taguchi Method; Design of Experiment; Human Performance Optimization; Cost Saving; Fractional Factorial; Full Factorial; Quality; Optimize; Dose Response; Robustness; Ankle Taping

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Boscolo, M. (2013). Optimization of inversion ankle taping: A Taguchi method based study. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2142/44355

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Boscolo, Marco. “Optimization of inversion ankle taping: A Taguchi method based study.” 2013. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign. Accessed April 11, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/2142/44355.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Boscolo, Marco. “Optimization of inversion ankle taping: A Taguchi method based study.” 2013. Web. 11 Apr 2021.

Vancouver:

Boscolo M. Optimization of inversion ankle taping: A Taguchi method based study. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign; 2013. [cited 2021 Apr 11]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/44355.

Council of Science Editors:

Boscolo M. Optimization of inversion ankle taping: A Taguchi method based study. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign; 2013. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/44355

2. Ranadive, Sushant. Protective effects of acute moderate exercise on vaccination induced inflammation, arterial function and vaccine efficacy.

Degree: PhD, 0351, 2012, University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign

Acute induced inflammation, using vaccination, reduces flow-mediated vasodilation in the conduit artery in young healthy volunteers. However, this has not been shown in older adults. Immunosenescence with advancing age results in inadequate protection from disease because of ineffective responses to vaccination. An acute bout of moderate aerobic exercise improves arterial and endothelial function and may increase the efficacy of the vaccine in young individuals. Hence, this study sought to evaluate the effect of acute systemic inflammation on endothelial function and wave reflection in older adults. The second aim was to evaluate if acute moderate intensity endurance exercise immediately prior to induced inflammation can prevent the negative effect of acute systemic inflammation on vascular function while augmenting the efficacy of the vaccine. Fifty-nine healthy volunteers between 55 – 75 years of age were randomly allocated to an exercise or control group. Arterial function and inflammatory markers were measured at baseline, 24 hours and 48 hours after influenza vaccine and sham injections. Antibody titers were measured at baseline and 4 weeks following the Influenza vaccine. CRP increased when measured at 24 and 48 hours and IL-6 increased at 24 hours from baseline after the Influenza vaccine compared to the sham injection while unexpectedly, arterial function was unaltered. There were no significant correlations between changes in inflammatory markers and changes in arterial function. Fitness was related to endothelial function as baseline. Endothelial function was significantly higher in individuals classified as having good fitness compared to the poor fitness category. There was a significant decrease in the endothelial function at 48 hours after vaccination compared to baseline in the fair fitness while there was significant decrease in the endothelial function when measured at 24 and 48 hours as compared to the baseline in good fitness category group. The endothelial function was unaffected in the poor fitness group. There were no differences in the levels of antibody titers against the H3N2 influenza strain between the men and women in exercise group as compared to the control group. However, women in the exercise group had a significantly higher antibody response for H1N1 influenza strain. In conclusion, there was dissociation between inflammation and endothelial function following induced acute systemic inflammation in older adults. The responses of endothelial function to induced acute systemic inflammation were related to fitness. Acute moderate aerobic exercise was not immune-stimulatory in healthy older men, but may serve as a vaccine adjuvant in older women. Advisors/Committee Members: Fernhall, Bo (advisor), Fernhall, Bo (Committee Chair), Woods, Jeffrey A. (committee member), Wilund, Kenneth R. (committee member), Iwamoto, Gary (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Acute induced inflammation; acute moderate aerobic exercise; flow-mediated dilation; vaccine efficacy

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Ranadive, S. (2012). Protective effects of acute moderate exercise on vaccination induced inflammation, arterial function and vaccine efficacy. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2142/31224

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Ranadive, Sushant. “Protective effects of acute moderate exercise on vaccination induced inflammation, arterial function and vaccine efficacy.” 2012. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign. Accessed April 11, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/2142/31224.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Ranadive, Sushant. “Protective effects of acute moderate exercise on vaccination induced inflammation, arterial function and vaccine efficacy.” 2012. Web. 11 Apr 2021.

Vancouver:

Ranadive S. Protective effects of acute moderate exercise on vaccination induced inflammation, arterial function and vaccine efficacy. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign; 2012. [cited 2021 Apr 11]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/31224.

Council of Science Editors:

Ranadive S. Protective effects of acute moderate exercise on vaccination induced inflammation, arterial function and vaccine efficacy. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign; 2012. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/31224

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