Advanced search options

Advanced Search Options 🞨

Browse by author name (“Author name starts with…”).

Find ETDs with:

in
/  
in
/  
in
/  
in

Written in Published in Earliest date Latest date

Sorted by

Results per page:

Sorted by: relevance · author · university · dateNew search

You searched for +publisher:"University of Houston" +contributor:("Johnson, Sharon"). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

Search Limiters

Last 2 Years | English Only

No search limiters apply to these results.

▼ Search Limiters


University of Houston

1. Koen, Bobbie 1952-. The Location and Effects of Visual Hemisphere-specific Stimulation on Fluency in Children with the Characteristics of Dyslexia.

Degree: PhD, Educational Psychology and Individual Differences, 2011, University of Houston

Fluency is often used as an indicator of reading proficiency, but many students with reading disabilities are unable to benefit from typical classroom interventions. Lorusso, et al. (2006) used a modified FlashWord computer program that tachistoscopically presents words in the right or left visual hemi-field (Visual Hemisphere-specific Stimulation or VHSS). They matched the intervention to the specific reading profiles (dyslexia subtypes) of reading disabled Italian students using parameters proposed by Bakker, Bouma, and Gardien, (1990). After 1440 minutes of intervention, their behavioral results show significant gains in fluency, reading accuracy, spelling, and memory. The present study is designed to replicate Lorusso’s work in English and locate through fMRI imaging the processing areas involved in fluency and changes as a result of the FlashWord intervention. Recent advancements in the conceptualization of fluency (Katzir et al., 2006), define fluency as the automatization of reading processes which results from the automatization of underlying lexical and sublexical skills. This suggests that investigations of the development fluent reading should focus on the fast processing of phonological analysis, as well as underlying skills already linked by fMRI results to specific brain regions. Shaywitz, et al., (2004) focused on three Regions of Interest (ROI) within the core sub-systems supporting the processing of written language in normal readers: the left hemisphere (LH) superior temporal gyrus (STG) in the inferior parietal lobule within the temporoparietal system associated with semantic encoding or word meaning; the posterior aspect of the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) within the anterior system associated with phonological encoding and sound/symbol associations; and the LH inferior occipito-temporal/fusiform area (VWFA) within the ventral system associated with orthographic encoding and quick recall of high frequency words. It is hypothesized that achieving fluency in reading will involve automaticity within each of these ROIs and that the intervention will increase fluency scores in students with reading disabilities. This study involved 15 students aged 8-19 years with reading disabilities randomly assigned to Intervention (N = 9) and Delayed Intervention (N = 6) groups. Based on initial fluency assessments, these subjects were matched to a computerized VHSS intervention, FlashWord, modified, targeting either the right or left hemisphere, or both. The Intervention group completed 1440 minutes of their assigned program, and the Delayed Intervention group participated in regular fluency instruction in their classrooms only during the course of the study. Both groups also contributed fMRI data collected during scans conducted pre- and post-intervention and post-intervention assessments of fluency. Analysis of intervention data showed that six of the nine Intervention group subjects (67%) achieved levels of automatic processing (<100 ms as defined by Bakker, et al., 1990) in either left or right… Advisors/Committee Members: Hawkins, Jacqueline (committee member), Fan, Weihua (committee member), Jansen, Ben H. (committee member), Johnson, Sharon (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Reading; Dyslexia; Fluency; Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI); Dyslexic children; Dyslexia – Physiological aspects

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Koen, B. 1. (2011). The Location and Effects of Visual Hemisphere-specific Stimulation on Fluency in Children with the Characteristics of Dyslexia. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Houston. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10657/497

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Koen, Bobbie 1952-. “The Location and Effects of Visual Hemisphere-specific Stimulation on Fluency in Children with the Characteristics of Dyslexia.” 2011. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Houston. Accessed November 29, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10657/497.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Koen, Bobbie 1952-. “The Location and Effects of Visual Hemisphere-specific Stimulation on Fluency in Children with the Characteristics of Dyslexia.” 2011. Web. 29 Nov 2020.

Vancouver:

Koen B1. The Location and Effects of Visual Hemisphere-specific Stimulation on Fluency in Children with the Characteristics of Dyslexia. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Houston; 2011. [cited 2020 Nov 29]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10657/497.

Council of Science Editors:

Koen B1. The Location and Effects of Visual Hemisphere-specific Stimulation on Fluency in Children with the Characteristics of Dyslexia. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Houston; 2011. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10657/497

2. Goodrich, Elizabeth. CHANGE IN TIME UTILIZATION BY OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY AND PHYSICAL THERAPY SERVICE PROVIDERS IN SCHOOLS.

Degree: PhD, Educational Psychology and Individaul Differences, 2012, University of Houston

Occupational therapy (OT) and physical therapy (PT) are related services that are provided under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA, 20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.). Related services are provided under the IDEA to assist children with disabilities to benefit from special education. Nationally, there is a critical shortage of qualified personnel to provide related services in schools. Due to budget constraints, public school systems also experience challenges in competing with medical facilities to hire these personnel. Due to this combination of the critical shortage of qualified personnel and budgetary constraints, public school systems often times operate with staffing shortages. Therefore, it is important to develop evidence based practices that facilitate the efficient utilization of both personnel time and talent to provide these services in schools. To contribute to this evidence, the researcher investigated change in how OT and PT service providers utilized time in a large urban school district across four school years. These years are consistent with the years investigated by Goodrich, Hawkins, Burridge, and White (2009), who reported an increase across these years in the number of appropriate as opposed to inappropriate referrals generated for OT and PT services in this school district. In the later three years, three interventions designed to facilitate appropriate referrals were implemented. The interventions included training on using an education based decision making process when generating a referral, a modified referral form to guide campus personnel through using an education based decision making process, and the addition of a classroom based support service to the continuum of services provided by OT and PT services. In the current study, a longitudinal analysis was conducted to measure if a significant change occurred in the proportion of time OT and PT service providers spent in various activities performed as a part of their work responsibilities when the increase in the proportion of appropriate referrals was reported. Therapy personnel increased the time spent in providing campus or classroom based support services and in travel. Time spent in providing screening and evaluation services remained stable across the years. The interventions implemented in this school district across these four years were supported as effective practices to improve the efficient utilization of OT and PT services provided in schools. These personnel were able to increase the proportion of time they were able to spend in providing the campus or classroom based support services, offering a proactive model of support in addition to the reactionary, referral driven, model. The referral process improved because less, more appropriate referrals were generated by campus teams (Goodrich, et al. 2009) the time spent in responding to these referrals remained relatively consistent across these years. This time was spent in responding to more appropriate referrals as opposed to being… Advisors/Committee Members: Hawkins, Jacqueline (advisor), Burridge, Andrea (committee member), Johnson, Sharon (committee member), White, Cathryn (committee member), Yu, Shirley (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Special Education; Occupational Therapy; Physical Therapy; Related Services; School Based Practice

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Goodrich, E. (2012). CHANGE IN TIME UTILIZATION BY OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY AND PHYSICAL THERAPY SERVICE PROVIDERS IN SCHOOLS. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Houston. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10657/185

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Goodrich, Elizabeth. “CHANGE IN TIME UTILIZATION BY OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY AND PHYSICAL THERAPY SERVICE PROVIDERS IN SCHOOLS.” 2012. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Houston. Accessed November 29, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10657/185.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Goodrich, Elizabeth. “CHANGE IN TIME UTILIZATION BY OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY AND PHYSICAL THERAPY SERVICE PROVIDERS IN SCHOOLS.” 2012. Web. 29 Nov 2020.

Vancouver:

Goodrich E. CHANGE IN TIME UTILIZATION BY OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY AND PHYSICAL THERAPY SERVICE PROVIDERS IN SCHOOLS. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Houston; 2012. [cited 2020 Nov 29]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10657/185.

Council of Science Editors:

Goodrich E. CHANGE IN TIME UTILIZATION BY OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY AND PHYSICAL THERAPY SERVICE PROVIDERS IN SCHOOLS. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Houston; 2012. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10657/185

.