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You searched for +publisher:"University of Ghana" +contributor:("Afari, E.A"). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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University of Ghana

1. Birukundi, F.F. Assessment of Factors Contributing to Obesity among Students of School of Public Health, University of Ghana.

Degree: 2016, University of Ghana

Background Understanding the determinants of obesity in adults is important due to its association with other chronic diseases. A study done in Ghana to determine Socio-demographic variation in obesity among Ghanaians adults reported that overweight and obesity had high prevalence in Accra metropolis. The study identified high prevalence among women and other upper- class residents. A similar study done at the University for Development Studies (UDS) in Tamale, Ghana, found that risk factors for general obesity were being female, engaging in light Physical Activity, being aged 28-37 years and being married. The School of Public health environment have some exposures (such as lack of sleep, fast foods, peer influence that may influence overweight and obese.This study aimed at determining the prevalence of obesity and assessment of risk factors contributing to obesity among students at the School of Public health, University of Ghana, Legon. Methods. A cross-sectional study design was used. A systematic random sample of 180 students aged 18 to 49 years were interviewed from both undergraduate and postgraduate degree programmes from a total population of 352 students. This sample was made up of 87 males (48.3%) and 93 females (51.7%). Demographic characteristics such as age, sex, marital status and lifestyle (tobacco use, alcohol consumption and physical activity) were recorded. Weight and height were also measured with appropriate equipment. Physical activity level was assessed using the WHO Global Physical Activity Questionnaire. Results were expressed as frequencies, percentages, median and interquartile range (IQR). Chi-square test for trends at α=0.05 was used for checking association between risk factors and obesity. Multiple logistic regression was finally used to determine significant risk factors on obesity. STATA version 13 software was be used for data analysis. Results Prevalence of Body Mass Index (BMI) categories were 3(1.7%) underweight, 98(55.1%) normal, 58(32.6%) overweight and 19(10.7%) Obese. Prevalence of obesity was high (15.6%) in postgraduate students compared to undergraduate students (6.9%). Being married was also significantly associated with obesity (P-value=0.002). Physical activity, smoking and alcohol drinking did not show association with obesity. However prevalence of overweight (12.4%) and obesity (5.1%) was high among individuals engaged in light physical activity compared to those engaged in vigorous physical activity. Female had high odds of being obese compared to males (AOR=25, CI= 2.73-232.42, P-value=0.004). These results showed that as age group was the least predictor of obesity status of an individual (P-value=0.041). This is because its P-value is close to 0.5 (significance level). Conclusion The prevalence of obesity in this study was relatively high. This implies that obesity epidemic is a health problem among students attending tertiary institutions in Ghana. In this study, female sex was found to be the most significant factor associated with obesity among… Advisors/Committee Members: Afari, E.A (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Obesity; Students

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Birukundi, F. F. (2016). Assessment of Factors Contributing to Obesity among Students of School of Public Health, University of Ghana. (Masters Thesis). University of Ghana. Retrieved from http://ugspace.ug.edu.gh/handle/123456789/21709

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Birukundi, F F. “Assessment of Factors Contributing to Obesity among Students of School of Public Health, University of Ghana. ” 2016. Masters Thesis, University of Ghana. Accessed March 26, 2019. http://ugspace.ug.edu.gh/handle/123456789/21709.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Birukundi, F F. “Assessment of Factors Contributing to Obesity among Students of School of Public Health, University of Ghana. ” 2016. Web. 26 Mar 2019.

Vancouver:

Birukundi FF. Assessment of Factors Contributing to Obesity among Students of School of Public Health, University of Ghana. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Ghana; 2016. [cited 2019 Mar 26]. Available from: http://ugspace.ug.edu.gh/handle/123456789/21709.

Council of Science Editors:

Birukundi FF. Assessment of Factors Contributing to Obesity among Students of School of Public Health, University of Ghana. [Masters Thesis]. University of Ghana; 2016. Available from: http://ugspace.ug.edu.gh/handle/123456789/21709


University of Ghana

2. Azagba, C.K. Tuberculosis Treatment Outcomes Using Treatment Supporters in Ketu South Municipality of Volta Region in Ghana .

Degree: 2013, University of Ghana

Introduction: The current global tuberculosis (TB) epidemic has put pressure on health care managers, especially those in the developing countries to seek innovative ways of delivering effective treatment to TB patients. One of the strategies employed is directly observed therapy for all patients where community members are used to supervise TB patients during the treatment regimen. Even though treatment supporters are used to improve the situation, proportion cured and completing treatment are still low. This study conducted in Ketu South municipality of the Volta region in Ghana on tuberculosis treatment outcomes using treatment supporters was to determine treatment supporter factors influencing treatment outcomes in the municipality. Methods: The study was a cross sectional study, using quantitative method to collect data on 137 TB clients and their treatment supporters. Tuberculosis records were reviewed to determine the proportion of TB clients cured, completed treatment and defaulted after which a questionnaire was used to collect data from their treatment supporters. The data was analyzed using SPSS and Stata. Univariate, chi-squared and logistic regression analyses were done to determine proportions, differences and strengths of associations between the independent variables and the dependent variables Results: Tuberculosis case detection for the municipality was 96.1% with a treatment success of 79.6%. Treatment outcome for cure, completion and treatment default were 66.7%, 81.9% and 20.4% respectively. It was realized that some treatment supporter factors influenced treatment cure of the TB clients. These factors include: age of treatment supporter being older or younger than the TB client, marital status of the supporter, selection of the treatment supporter and treatment supporter’s knowledge on TB. Conclusions and Recommendations: Tuberculosis clients are more likely to be cured when they are supervised by people, who are older than them, married, have good knowledge on TB and are selected by the TB clients themselves. Financial challenge and time spent on supervising drug intake are the main challenges faced by the treatment supporters in Ketu South municipality. It is recommended that DHMT should make sure institutional coordinators, disease control officers and Community health nurses visit the treatment supporters regularly during the course of treatment National Tuberculosis control Programme (NTP) should provide enabler’s package for treatment supporters. Advisors/Committee Members: Afari, E.A (advisor).

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Azagba, C. K. (2013). Tuberculosis Treatment Outcomes Using Treatment Supporters in Ketu South Municipality of Volta Region in Ghana . (Masters Thesis). University of Ghana. Retrieved from http://ugspace.ug.edu.gh/handle/123456789/5535

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Azagba, C K. “Tuberculosis Treatment Outcomes Using Treatment Supporters in Ketu South Municipality of Volta Region in Ghana .” 2013. Masters Thesis, University of Ghana. Accessed March 26, 2019. http://ugspace.ug.edu.gh/handle/123456789/5535.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Azagba, C K. “Tuberculosis Treatment Outcomes Using Treatment Supporters in Ketu South Municipality of Volta Region in Ghana .” 2013. Web. 26 Mar 2019.

Vancouver:

Azagba CK. Tuberculosis Treatment Outcomes Using Treatment Supporters in Ketu South Municipality of Volta Region in Ghana . [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Ghana; 2013. [cited 2019 Mar 26]. Available from: http://ugspace.ug.edu.gh/handle/123456789/5535.

Council of Science Editors:

Azagba CK. Tuberculosis Treatment Outcomes Using Treatment Supporters in Ketu South Municipality of Volta Region in Ghana . [Masters Thesis]. University of Ghana; 2013. Available from: http://ugspace.ug.edu.gh/handle/123456789/5535

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