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You searched for +publisher:"University of Florida" +contributor:("Waldo, Douglas G."). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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University of Florida

1. Moyo, Sibusiso. Welfare Analysis in International Sugar Trade the Case of the EU-ACP Sugar Protocol.

Degree: PhD, Food and Resource Economics, 2012, University of Florida

The European Union (EU) Common Agricultural Policy for sugar has evolved since the 1960s and what has evolved is a costly supply management scheme which insulates domestic producers from international competition by means of a system of price supports and prohibitive import tariffs. There is evidence from sugar price data that the policies that were followed by the EU have resulted in domestic prices three times higher than world free market prices. Excess supply has been exported to the world markets using expensive market distorting subsidies. Part of the supply management scheme involved granting duty free access for certain amounts of sugar from the African, Caribbean and Pacific countries (ACP), a block made up of mostly former British and French colonies. Following a complaint by Australia, Brazil and Thailand in 2002, claiming that the volume of the EU’s subsidized exports of sugar exceeded the levels the EU had committed itself under the Uruguay Round Agreements, a World Trade Organization (WTO) panel ruled in favor of the three complainants. The EU was then obliged to bring its domestic market regulation into conformity with its WTO obligations. To be compliant with WTO regulations, in 2005 the European Agricultural Council agreed to a set of reforms that were to result in a 36% price cut. Given that most ACP countries have agriculturally based economies, any agricultural sector that guarantees the economy a steady influx of foreign exchange is critical and needs to be cultivated. The study is a world sugar trade model to understand the effects of EU sugar policy reform on world production and how it would affect sugar production in the ACP countries and the rest of the world, and what the effects of reforms are on world sugar prices, production and consumption. Results indicate that liberalization might be beneficial to some members of the ACP countries, which is contrary to what other studies have suggested. ( en ) Advisors/Committee Members: Spreen, Thomas H (committee chair), Evans, Edward A (committee member), Schmitz, Andrew (committee member), Waldo, Douglas G (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Economic models; Imports; Liberalization; Market prices; Modeling; Prices; Sugars; Supply; Table sugars; Tariffs; sugar

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APA (6th Edition):

Moyo, S. (2012). Welfare Analysis in International Sugar Trade the Case of the EU-ACP Sugar Protocol. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Florida. Retrieved from http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0045003

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Moyo, Sibusiso. “Welfare Analysis in International Sugar Trade the Case of the EU-ACP Sugar Protocol.” 2012. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Florida. Accessed June 15, 2019. http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0045003.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Moyo, Sibusiso. “Welfare Analysis in International Sugar Trade the Case of the EU-ACP Sugar Protocol.” 2012. Web. 15 Jun 2019.

Vancouver:

Moyo S. Welfare Analysis in International Sugar Trade the Case of the EU-ACP Sugar Protocol. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Florida; 2012. [cited 2019 Jun 15]. Available from: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0045003.

Council of Science Editors:

Moyo S. Welfare Analysis in International Sugar Trade the Case of the EU-ACP Sugar Protocol. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Florida; 2012. Available from: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0045003


University of Florida

2. Levy, Ting. Essays on International Trade, Growth and the Environment.

Degree: PhD, Economics, 2010, University of Florida

The relationship between environmental degradation and economic growth has been central to the debate over sustainable growth. The first chapter uses utility growth as an index of sustainable growth, which is positively related to economic growth and negatively related to environmental degradation. Skilled and unskilled labor are used in this economy and the population is growing over time generating growth without scale effects. The pollution growth rate is higher in a decentralized economy, whereas the sustainable growth rate is higher in an economy with a social planner. An increased rate of population growth is associated with a higher sustainable growth rate in both economies. A higher share of skilled labor is associated with a higher sustainable growth rate in a decentralized economy. A simple monopolistic competition model is developed to examine the impact of environmental standards upon firms' profitability, pollution and consumers' welfare. There is a continuum of firms and each firm produces a variety with different environmental quality. The second chapter shows that when regulators impose a more stringent environmental standard, there will be fewer firms in the market at the steady-state equilibrium; firms' average profits will be higher as competition will be less intense; and the overall effect on the welfare of consumers will be ambiguous because the effect on pollution generated is unclear. In addition, an optimal standard is calculated under Pareto distribution and the factors which affect the optimal standard are discussed. The third chapter develops a trade model to examine the impact of trade liberalization upon firms' profitability, pollution and consumers' welfare. Firms with high levels of environmental quality export, whereas firms with low levels of environmental quality only serve the domestic market. An increase in the number of trading partners raises the cutoff export environmental quality; a reduction in foreign market entry costs reduces the cutoff export environmental quality; and a reduction in per-unit trade costs reduces the cutoff export environmental quality. A more stringent environmental standard increases successful firms' revenues and profits. Due to trade liberalization, firms that only serve the domestic market make lower revenues and profits; firms that are able to export will increase their sales to foreign countries, compensating for their loss from domestic sales and making overall revenues higher. Trade liberalization ultimately increases aggregate consumption. ( en ) Advisors/Committee Members: Dinopoulos, Elias (committee chair), Waldo, Douglas G. (committee member), Ai, Chunrong (committee member), Seale, James L. (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Brands; Consumer preferences; Environmental quality; Environmental technology; Pollution control; Population growth; Population growth rate; Skilled labor; Sustainable growth; Unskilled labor; development, economic, environment, environmental, firm, international, monopolistic, sustainable, technology, trade

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APA (6th Edition):

Levy, T. (2010). Essays on International Trade, Growth and the Environment. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Florida. Retrieved from http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0042360

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Levy, Ting. “Essays on International Trade, Growth and the Environment.” 2010. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Florida. Accessed June 15, 2019. http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0042360.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Levy, Ting. “Essays on International Trade, Growth and the Environment.” 2010. Web. 15 Jun 2019.

Vancouver:

Levy T. Essays on International Trade, Growth and the Environment. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Florida; 2010. [cited 2019 Jun 15]. Available from: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0042360.

Council of Science Editors:

Levy T. Essays on International Trade, Growth and the Environment. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Florida; 2010. Available from: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0042360


University of Florida

3. Gungoraydinoglu, Ali. Essays in International Trade, Growth and Industrial Organization.

Degree: PhD, Economics, 2007, University of Florida

We build a dynamic general equilibrium model without scale-effects, incorporating patented and non-patented sectors. An innovator has two options: either applying for a patent and secure the monopoly profits for a finite period or engaging in rent protecting activities to deter the challengers from discovering the next higher quality product. We endogenously split the industries in the economy into patented and non-patented sectors. The long-run Schumpeterian growth rate is bounded and does not exhibit scale-effects; it depends positively on R & D difficulty constant in patented sector and R & D subsidy in non-patented sector; negatively on RPA productivity constant, quality increment, R & D subsidy to patented sector, researcher productivity in R & D services of patented sector, unit-labor requirement in R & D services of non-patented sector. The optimal patent length that maximizes growth is determined, which depends positively on R & D subsidy to patented sector, researcher productivity in R & D services of patented sector, unit-labor requirement in R & D services of non-patented sector, quality increment and constant effectiveness of RPA and negatively on R & D difficulty constant in patented sector. We investigate the effect of globalization by introducing an exogenous non-traded sector in a two-country dynamic general equilibrium model. Firms engage in R & D activities and produce final goods using only labor. The quality of a good is improved by R & D races where the winner becomes the industry leader until the next invention. We determine the wage-inequality between countries and the marginal industry that determines the pattern of trade. We remove the scale-effects property and suggest that the liberalization of the economy by shrinking the range of non-traded industries closes the wage-gap and widens the range of goods exported by both countries. We introduce international trade costs are into a two country, dynamic general equilibrium model with Ricardian trade. Continuum of industries differs in technology, and firms produce final goods and engage in R & D activities. R & D races improve the quality of a good, and the winner of R & D race produces the state-of-the-art product. Wage-inequality, trade pattern, range of traded and non-traded goods sectors, innovation and growth rates are all endogenous. Countries have different long run growth rates due to the non-traded goods sector and heterogeneity of technology across countries. The growth rate is higher, the higher is the inventive step, the lower is the R & D difficulty, the more productive is the labor, and the larger is the other country?s population size. Globalization reduces the wage-inequality between Home and Foreign, and leads the country with wider range of export sector to innovate and grow faster than its trade partner. ( en ) Advisors/Committee Members: Dinopoulos, Elias (committee chair), Denslow, David A. (committee member), Waldo, Douglas G. (committee member), Seale, James L. (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Exports; Globalization; International trade; Patents; Population growth rate; Population size; Productivity; Relative wages; Research and development; Research and development costs; globalization, growth, patents, trade

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Gungoraydinoglu, A. (2007). Essays in International Trade, Growth and Industrial Organization. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Florida. Retrieved from http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0021066

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Gungoraydinoglu, Ali. “Essays in International Trade, Growth and Industrial Organization.” 2007. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Florida. Accessed June 15, 2019. http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0021066.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Gungoraydinoglu, Ali. “Essays in International Trade, Growth and Industrial Organization.” 2007. Web. 15 Jun 2019.

Vancouver:

Gungoraydinoglu A. Essays in International Trade, Growth and Industrial Organization. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Florida; 2007. [cited 2019 Jun 15]. Available from: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0021066.

Council of Science Editors:

Gungoraydinoglu A. Essays in International Trade, Growth and Industrial Organization. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Florida; 2007. Available from: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0021066

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