Cabrelli Amaro, Jennifer L.
The Phonological Permeability Hypothesis Measuring Regressive L3 Influence to Test L1 and L2 Phonological Representations.
Degree: PhD, Romance Languages - Spanish and Portuguese Studies, 2013, University of Florida
The Phonological Permeability Hypothesis (PPH, Cabrell iAmaro & Rothman, 2010) attempts to reconcile evidence suggesting some L2learners, however rare, attain native-like L2 phonological systems with the observation that most do not.
Considering existing L2 phonology research, it isnot clear that phonological differences between early and late acquirers mustbe the consequence of maturational effects on implicit mechanisms. Thus, to test how native-like adult-acquired systems are, the
extent to which early- and late-acquired systems are equally resilient to influence from an L3 is examined.The PPH posits that native-like phonological systems acquired in adulthood are different from systems acquired in childhood with regards to relative
stability. To test the PPH, a cross-sectional study of three types of English/Spanish bilinguals differing in age and context of acquisition (AoA) of Spanish was carried out to examine whether AoA determines relative vulnerability of the Spanish
phonological system when exposed to L3 BP. In addition, a longitudinal case study was conducted, observing an L1 English/L2Spanish bilingual’s Spanish prior to BP exposure, and his BP and Spanish after 11weeks of BP immersion. The focus of the
investigation was the acquisition of reduced word-final unstressed vowels [?] and [?] in BP and potential regressive influence on the perception, production, and processing of Spanish word-final unstressed [e] and [o]. Results from the cross-sectional
study did not reveal any between-group differences in perception, production, or reaction time in terms of BP influence on Spanish. Therefore, these data align with the possibility that AoA does not determine the relative stability of a phonological
system in terms of mental representation or processing. However,while these data do not support the PPH, evidence meeting the criteria for falsification of the PPH is also lacking. The case study results are indicative of rapid and permeating L3 influence
on the learner’s Spanish processing during speech production, and a large-scale longitudinal investigation of the three bilingual types tested here is necessary to reveal whether early and late acquirers of Spanish are equally vulnerable to L3 influence
and what the nature of any observed vulnerability is. ( en )
Advisors/Committee Members: Rothman, Jason Leonardo (committee chair), Wiltshire, Caroline R (committee member), Lord-Ward, Gillian E (committee member), Wayland, Ratree (committee member), Kager, Rene W (committee member).
Subjects/Keywords: Language; Language acquisition; Learning; Lexical stress; Linguistics; Native languages; Phonetics; Phonology; Syllables; Vowels; acquisition – brazilian – heritage – l1 – l2 – l3 – language – optimality – phonetic – phonology –
portuguese – reduction – regressive – spanish – theory – transfer – vowel
…University of Florida in Partial Fulfillment of the
Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of…
to Zotero / EndNote / Reference
APA (6th Edition):
Cabrelli Amaro, J. L. (2013). The Phonological Permeability Hypothesis Measuring Regressive L3 Influence to Test L1 and L2 Phonological Representations. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Florida. Retrieved from https://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0045225
Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):
Cabrelli Amaro, Jennifer L. “The Phonological Permeability Hypothesis Measuring Regressive L3 Influence to Test L1 and L2 Phonological Representations.” 2013. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Florida. Accessed August 04, 2020.
MLA Handbook (7th Edition):
Cabrelli Amaro, Jennifer L. “The Phonological Permeability Hypothesis Measuring Regressive L3 Influence to Test L1 and L2 Phonological Representations.” 2013. Web. 04 Aug 2020.
Cabrelli Amaro JL. The Phonological Permeability Hypothesis Measuring Regressive L3 Influence to Test L1 and L2 Phonological Representations. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Florida; 2013. [cited 2020 Aug 04].
Available from: https://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0045225.
Council of Science Editors:
Cabrelli Amaro JL. The Phonological Permeability Hypothesis Measuring Regressive L3 Influence to Test L1 and L2 Phonological Representations. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Florida; 2013. Available from: https://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0045225