wallace, kelly n.
Contributors to Overweight and Obesity among Correctional Officers.
Statement of the Problems: Correctional officers have an increased risk for the development of “stress-related health problems” and a decreased life expectancy in part credited to stress levels (Ghaddar et al. 2008). Officer stress can be attributed to contact with inmates, long and unpredictable shift work, unanticipated emergency codes, the sedentary nature of the job, low control and high effort to reward imbalance (Hannerz et al., 2004, Oginska-Bulki, 2005, Senol-Durak et al., 2006). Such stressors decrease the likelihood of partaking in a healthy lifestyle, including the consumption of nutritious foods and regular physical activity. Since the “high-stress” environment of the correctional facility is not conducive to healthy living it is important to understand how the environment affects the lifestyle of the employees and to determine the specific variables that affect the health of the officers. In this study we performed a health risk assessment (HRA) to identify the occupational variables related to weight gain.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate 3-year weight gain in a cohort of correctional employees representing a high stress occupation. Furthermore this study aims to evaluate the relationship between weight gain and the stressors that employees working within high stress environments share and how other health indictors may be interacting and predicting weight gain.
Study Design: Longitudinal observational
Sample Size and Composition: All employees (correctional officers, lieutenants, captain, deputy wardens, wardens, correctional treatment officers, counselors, support staff and medical staff) of two correctional facilities, with similar characteristics, were invited to participate. One hundred and six employees participated and completed the HRA survey at baseline and year three.
Measures Utilized: Age, Gender, Job, Job Tenure, Body Weight, Body Mass Index, Blood Pressure, Nutrition Score, Fitness Score, Adequacy of Sleep, Stress Signals, Coping Status, Emotional Problems, Sick Days, Job Satisfaction, and Shift were used to evaluate changes in weight over a three-year period.
Analysis Method: Descriptive statistics were obtained on all of the collected data for year 1 and year 3. Mean and standard deviations were reported for quantitative data. Percentages and frequencies were reported for categorical as well as demographic characteristics at both baseline and year three. Normality (using Shapiro-wilk test, quantile probability plot, and histogram), linear (using scatter plots and correlations), and variance homogeneity assumptions (using Levene’s test) were tested to run general linear model using ANOVAs and multivariate regressions. A significance levels of α=0.05 was considered for all the bivariate analysis, Fisherʼs least Significant Difference Tests (Fisherʼs LSD) was used for multiple comparisons tests, and Kruskal- …
Advisors/Committee Members: Martin G. Cherniack, MD, MPH, Michael Copenhaver, PhD, Tania. Huedo-Medina, PhD, Dr. Pouran Faghri, MD, MS, FACSM.
to Zotero / EndNote / Reference
APA (6th Edition):
wallace, k. n. (2013). Contributors to Overweight and Obesity among Correctional Officers. (Masters Thesis). University of Connecticut. Retrieved from https://opencommons.uconn.edu/gs_theses/439
Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):
wallace, kelly n. “Contributors to Overweight and Obesity among Correctional Officers.” 2013. Masters Thesis, University of Connecticut. Accessed August 25, 2019.
MLA Handbook (7th Edition):
wallace, kelly n. “Contributors to Overweight and Obesity among Correctional Officers.” 2013. Web. 25 Aug 2019.
wallace kn. Contributors to Overweight and Obesity among Correctional Officers. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Connecticut; 2013. [cited 2019 Aug 25].
Available from: https://opencommons.uconn.edu/gs_theses/439.
Council of Science Editors:
wallace kn. Contributors to Overweight and Obesity among Correctional Officers. [Masters Thesis]. University of Connecticut; 2013. Available from: https://opencommons.uconn.edu/gs_theses/439