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You searched for +publisher:"University of Adelaide" +contributor:("Crockett, Alan Joseph"). One record found.

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University of Adelaide

1. Newbury, Wendy Lynne. Exploring the currency of spirometric predictive equations from the viewpoint of the lung age concept.

Degree: 2013, University of Adelaide

Spirometry is used to diagnose respiratory disease, to monitor disease progression and response to treatment, and in epidemiological surveys. As a large burden of disease is caused by cigarette smoking, spirometry has been incorporated in smoking cessation counselling in an attempt to improve quit rates. The concept of lung age (LA) was developed in 1985 in an effort to make spirometry results more easily understood by the lay person. Research results using LA to aid quitting remain inconclusive. This thesis investigates the need to update LA equations, as predictive equations based on old data may not be relevant for today’s populations, and contemporary equations may result in a stronger message for smokers. New LA equations were firstly developed using contemporary Australian data and four further LA equations were derived from previously published FEV₁ predictive equations. A series of comparisons of LA equations in contemporary Australian datasets followed. The first project compared the original Morris LA equations with newly developed Australian LA equations in an independent workplace dataset (males only). The second project compared four extra LA equations derived from previously published FEV₁ equations from Europe, the United Kingdom, America and Australia with the Morris and the new Australian equations. An independent dataset of randomly-selected males and females was used to compare these equations with the Morris LA equations and contemporary Australian LA equations. Lastly, a different type of LA equation expressed as delta lung age (ΔLA), the difference between chronological age and lung age, based on the ratio of Forced Expiratory Volume in one second/Forced Vital Capacity (FEV₁/FVC), was compared with three other LA equations based on FEV₁ alone. This project used three independent datasets (urban, rural and a workplace) for added strength. All LA equations confirmed poorer lung function in smokers than in never smokers in all 3 independent datasets. LA estimates were approximately 20 years lower using the original Morris equations when compared with the newest LA equations. The differences seen between estimated LA using all six equations were consistent in each analysis. The ΔLA equation gave extreme LA estimates in both the community-based datasets compared with the LA equations based on FEV₁ alone. These results show that the Morris LA equations need to be updated. However, there appears to be no advantage in using the ΔLA equation. The differences between the older and the newer LA equations are most likely a result of cohort and period effects. This is also the case in the predictive equations themselves. Continuously updating predictive equations using recently acquired data will result in LA equations that are more relevant to contemporary populations. Advisors/Committee Members: Crockett, Alan Joseph (advisor), Ruffin, Richard Ernest (advisor), School of Population Health (school).

Subjects/Keywords: spirometry; lung age; predictive equations; smoking cessation; COPD; lung function

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Newbury, W. L. (2013). Exploring the currency of spirometric predictive equations from the viewpoint of the lung age concept. (Thesis). University of Adelaide. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2440/83639

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Newbury, Wendy Lynne. “Exploring the currency of spirometric predictive equations from the viewpoint of the lung age concept.” 2013. Thesis, University of Adelaide. Accessed March 01, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/2440/83639.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Newbury, Wendy Lynne. “Exploring the currency of spirometric predictive equations from the viewpoint of the lung age concept.” 2013. Web. 01 Mar 2021.

Vancouver:

Newbury WL. Exploring the currency of spirometric predictive equations from the viewpoint of the lung age concept. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Adelaide; 2013. [cited 2021 Mar 01]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/83639.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Newbury WL. Exploring the currency of spirometric predictive equations from the viewpoint of the lung age concept. [Thesis]. University of Adelaide; 2013. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/83639

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

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