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You searched for +publisher:"Universiteit Utrecht" +contributor:("van der Smagt, M."). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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Universiteit Utrecht

1. Nederhoff, T. The Representation of Tactical Information as an Abstraction Hierarchy: Is the Abstraction Level of Knowledge Representation Related to the Situational Awareness and the Abstraction Level of Team Communication?.

Degree: 2015, Universiteit Utrecht

The main goal of a military operational team is to assess the tactical situation in order to act and react to the situation timely and accurately. Over the years, tactical situations have become more complex, including more actors and asymmetric threads. Additionally, military operations have become more comprehensive (i.e., operations require more than just fighting an opponent but also contain activities such as re-constructive work, counterinsurgency, and politics). An important role in achieving situational awareness is extracting knowledge from the system’s interface. By applying concepts of ecological interface design, environmental information can be presented in a system more effectively. By using an abstraction hierarchy in the information representation, a better fit to the operator’s mental representation can be realized. This paper describes an experiment where the knowledge representation in a command and control interface is modeled according to the abstraction hierarchy by Rasmussen (1985). Measures of situation awareness and communication were analyzed to assess the effect of the implication of abstraction hierarchy in information representation. Results showed no significant difference when hierarchical knowledge representation was compared to conventional knowledge representation. However, trends were directly showing that higher abstraction levels in communication and situation awareness of the tactical situation increases with the application of abstraction hierarchy. Advisors/Committee Members: van der Smagt, M., Donker, S..

Subjects/Keywords: Abstraction hierarchy; ecological interface design; communication

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Nederhoff, T. (2015). The Representation of Tactical Information as an Abstraction Hierarchy: Is the Abstraction Level of Knowledge Representation Related to the Situational Awareness and the Abstraction Level of Team Communication?. (Masters Thesis). Universiteit Utrecht. Retrieved from http://dspace.library.uu.nl:8080/handle/1874/311924

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Nederhoff, T. “The Representation of Tactical Information as an Abstraction Hierarchy: Is the Abstraction Level of Knowledge Representation Related to the Situational Awareness and the Abstraction Level of Team Communication?.” 2015. Masters Thesis, Universiteit Utrecht. Accessed January 21, 2020. http://dspace.library.uu.nl:8080/handle/1874/311924.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Nederhoff, T. “The Representation of Tactical Information as an Abstraction Hierarchy: Is the Abstraction Level of Knowledge Representation Related to the Situational Awareness and the Abstraction Level of Team Communication?.” 2015. Web. 21 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Nederhoff T. The Representation of Tactical Information as an Abstraction Hierarchy: Is the Abstraction Level of Knowledge Representation Related to the Situational Awareness and the Abstraction Level of Team Communication?. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Universiteit Utrecht; 2015. [cited 2020 Jan 21]. Available from: http://dspace.library.uu.nl:8080/handle/1874/311924.

Council of Science Editors:

Nederhoff T. The Representation of Tactical Information as an Abstraction Hierarchy: Is the Abstraction Level of Knowledge Representation Related to the Situational Awareness and the Abstraction Level of Team Communication?. [Masters Thesis]. Universiteit Utrecht; 2015. Available from: http://dspace.library.uu.nl:8080/handle/1874/311924


Universiteit Utrecht

2. Brink, E.D. van den. Kan het door Bureau Zuidema gebruikte Invloedmodel®, effectief worden toegepast via online communicatie?.

Degree: 2015, Universiteit Utrecht

Doel: Het Invloedmodel® dat door Bureau Zuidema wordt gebruikt, is een model dat mensen bewust maakt van het eigen gedrag waardoor in de juiste situatie, het juiste gedrag kan worden uitgeoefend om doelen te behalen met behoud van relatie tussen de beïnvloeder en de gesprekspartner. Het Invloedmodel® is echter enkel getest bij offline contact tussen personen. In dit onderzoek zijn de verschillende aspecten van het Invloedmodel® getest bij de online media: e-mail en Instant Messaging, om te achterhalen of het Invloedmodel® de potentie heeft om effectief gebruikt te worden tijdens e-mail en Instant Messaging. Methoden: De online media werden gesplitst in twee verschillende condities met een offline medium (contact met fysieke aanwezigheid tussen gesprekspartners) als baseline. Participanten voerden een experiment uit via tenminste één van de media. Er was sprake van een between-subject design. Het gebruik van invloedstijlen en gedragssoorten van het Invloedmodel®, het behalen van een doel en het behouden van de relatie tussen gesprekspartners waren de afhankelijke variabelen. Resultaten: Er bleek geen verschil in het gebruik van invloedstijlen tussen de verschillende media. Ook bleken de gedragssoorten niet te verschillen tussen de media, met uitzondering van de gedragssoort ‘betrekken’. Het bleek dat er bij de baseline vaker de gedragssoort ‘betrekken’ werd gebruikt dan bij de online media. Er bleek geen verschil in het behalen van doelen tussen de media en ook was er geen verschil tussen de media zichtbaar in het behouden van de relatie tussen gesprekspartners. Conclusie: In dit onderzoek werden voor de invloedstijlen en de meeste gedragssoorten geen verschillen gevonden wanneer invloed plaatsvond via e-mail, Instant Messaging en offline contact. Ook toont dit onderzoek geen verschillen in het behalen van doelen en het behouden van de relatie tussen e-mail, Instant Messaging en offline contact. Deze resultaten suggereren dat het Invloedmodel® potentie heeft om effectief te worden toegepast bij de online media: e-mail en Instant Messaging. Advisors/Committee Members: van der Smagt, M., Donker, S..

Subjects/Keywords: Invloed; Invloedmodel®; e-mail; Instant Messaging; face-to-face; beïnvloeden; invloedstijlen; gedragssoorten; overreden; overbruggen; stellen; inspireren; wegbewegen; trainer; Bureau Zuidema; Zuidema

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Brink, E. D. v. d. (2015). Kan het door Bureau Zuidema gebruikte Invloedmodel®, effectief worden toegepast via online communicatie?. (Masters Thesis). Universiteit Utrecht. Retrieved from http://dspace.library.uu.nl:8080/handle/1874/311944

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Brink, E D van den. “Kan het door Bureau Zuidema gebruikte Invloedmodel®, effectief worden toegepast via online communicatie?.” 2015. Masters Thesis, Universiteit Utrecht. Accessed January 21, 2020. http://dspace.library.uu.nl:8080/handle/1874/311944.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Brink, E D van den. “Kan het door Bureau Zuidema gebruikte Invloedmodel®, effectief worden toegepast via online communicatie?.” 2015. Web. 21 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Brink EDvd. Kan het door Bureau Zuidema gebruikte Invloedmodel®, effectief worden toegepast via online communicatie?. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Universiteit Utrecht; 2015. [cited 2020 Jan 21]. Available from: http://dspace.library.uu.nl:8080/handle/1874/311944.

Council of Science Editors:

Brink EDvd. Kan het door Bureau Zuidema gebruikte Invloedmodel®, effectief worden toegepast via online communicatie?. [Masters Thesis]. Universiteit Utrecht; 2015. Available from: http://dspace.library.uu.nl:8080/handle/1874/311944


Universiteit Utrecht

3. Zuiderduin, S.M. Under Pressure. Influence of different types of feedback on decision making performance in stressful situations.

Degree: 2015, Universiteit Utrecht

People in emergency professions, such as firefighters or soldiers, often have to work and make decisions with life or death consequences in stressful conditions. To help people in emergency professions make better decisions while stressed, the ‘Cognitive Feedback System’ (CFSystem) has been developed. The CFSystem can support a stressed person while performing a task or making decisions by providing its users with three kinds of feedback: biofeedback, a prediction on their performance and a prediction of four types of cognitive errors stressed people have been found to make often when performing a task. The CFSystem can provide its users with more than one type of feedback at a time. The current experiment was set up to study which type of feedback or combination of types of feedback helps users improve their performance, reduces stress or is the most user-friendly. User-friendliness was measured using the System Usability Scale. Participants had to perform a fire-fighting computer simulation while they were supported by eight different combinations of feedback from the CFSystem. Although usability of the feedback provided by the CFSystem was not good, providing feedback did help participants improve their performance. The combination of biofeedback, performance-prediction and error-prediction was the only combination of feedback that helped participants improve their performance and was the best combination of feedback to help stressed users make better decisions. Because participants are expected to benefit more from feedback with better usability, usability of the feedback should be improved. Results also implied that feedback was processed implicitly and that implicitly processed feedback was more helpful to participants than explicitly processed feedback. More research should be done on how implicit processes in decision making work and how implicit processing can be used to help people in emergency professions improve performance even more. Advisors/Committee Members: van der Smagt, M., Donker, S..

Subjects/Keywords: stress; decision-making; feedback

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Zuiderduin, S. M. (2015). Under Pressure. Influence of different types of feedback on decision making performance in stressful situations. (Masters Thesis). Universiteit Utrecht. Retrieved from http://dspace.library.uu.nl:8080/handle/1874/311960

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Zuiderduin, S M. “Under Pressure. Influence of different types of feedback on decision making performance in stressful situations.” 2015. Masters Thesis, Universiteit Utrecht. Accessed January 21, 2020. http://dspace.library.uu.nl:8080/handle/1874/311960.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Zuiderduin, S M. “Under Pressure. Influence of different types of feedback on decision making performance in stressful situations.” 2015. Web. 21 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Zuiderduin SM. Under Pressure. Influence of different types of feedback on decision making performance in stressful situations. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Universiteit Utrecht; 2015. [cited 2020 Jan 21]. Available from: http://dspace.library.uu.nl:8080/handle/1874/311960.

Council of Science Editors:

Zuiderduin SM. Under Pressure. Influence of different types of feedback on decision making performance in stressful situations. [Masters Thesis]. Universiteit Utrecht; 2015. Available from: http://dspace.library.uu.nl:8080/handle/1874/311960

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