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You searched for +publisher:"Universidade Estadual de Campinas" +contributor:("Bastos, Avelino"). One record found.

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Universidade Estadual de Campinas

1. Gurgel, Cristina Brandt Friedrich Martin. Indios, jesuitas e bandeirantes : medicinas e doenças no Brasil dos seculos XVI e XVII: Indians, jesuits, explores : medicines and diseases in colonial Brazil (16th and 17th centuries).

Degree: 2009, Universidade Estadual de Campinas

Abstract: Isolated during thousands of years, native Brazilians did not developed immunity to microorganisms from another continent. Despite the presence of diseases in their habitat, (such as non venereal treponematosis, cutaneous leshmaniosis and Chagas' disease), with exposure to alien explorers, the deficiency of an immune response Th2 to viruses and foreign bacteria, truly decimated the native population of Brazil, which succumbed secondary to primarily small pox, but also to the flu, measles and dysentery. Trained physicians were scarce in colonial Brazil, and due to this professional void, Jesuits (the first to start medical practices), curious people, shamans, barbers and faith healers tried to replace them; all practiced a hybrid form of medicine, based initially in the popular European medicine combined with native roots. Both schools of thought had a "material" concept of the diseases; that is, once developed, it had to abandon the organism. As such, therapy was based in exsanguinations, intestinal cleansing and forced vomit, in addition to rituals, praying and use of amulets to appease the supernatural world. These medical practices made extensive use of the varied native medicinal flora, and this knowledge was spread out by the alien explorers of the north and south remote regions - as a consequence, this therapy was called " Remedios de Paulistas", i. e., Medicine of Sao Paulo - , and it was used for a variety of maladies such as anemia, scrofula, malaria, and trachoma, diseases common in the jungle and adjacent hamlets. None of the medical practices - classic or popular (very similar to each other) - was efficacious against any epidemics. Despite native Brazilians being most affected, epidemics also killed African slaves and their owners, ruining the economy and causing hunger and discouragement. Personal bankruptcy, increased debts for buying African slaves (more expensive, however more resistant to diseases) lead to, for many years, a somber lifestyle in Brazil. In a cruel circle of cause and effect, African slaves gradually replaced native Brazilians as work force in the plantations; on the other hand, they also brought in diseases such as infectious recto colitis, yellow fever and malaria - caused by P. falciparum, and even small pox. All native Brazilian resistance to colonization resulted in failure; death, in the vast majority of cases, was caused directly or indirectly by the exposure to alien diseases, and not by cannons or guns. As a consequence, due to lack of an efficient immune system, the battle against the colonizers was already lost, even before it had started. Advisors/Committee Members: UNIVERSIDADE ESTADUAL DE CAMPINAS (CRUESP), Almeida, Eros Antonio de, 1951- (advisor), Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Faculdade de Ciências Médicas (institution), Programa de Pós-Graduação em Clínica Médica (nameofprogram), Teixeira, Maria Aparecida Barone (committee member), Provenza, Jose Roberto (committee member), Souza, Milton Lopes de (committee member), Bastos, Avelino (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: História da medicina; Epidemias; Índios; Brasil - Colônias; History of Medicine; Epidemics; Colonial Brazil; Indians

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APA (6th Edition):

Gurgel, C. B. F. M. (2009). Indios, jesuitas e bandeirantes : medicinas e doenças no Brasil dos seculos XVI e XVII: Indians, jesuits, explores : medicines and diseases in colonial Brazil (16th and 17th centuries). (Thesis). Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Retrieved from http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/309188

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Gurgel, Cristina Brandt Friedrich Martin. “Indios, jesuitas e bandeirantes : medicinas e doenças no Brasil dos seculos XVI e XVII: Indians, jesuits, explores : medicines and diseases in colonial Brazil (16th and 17th centuries).” 2009. Thesis, Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Accessed December 03, 2020. http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/309188.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Gurgel, Cristina Brandt Friedrich Martin. “Indios, jesuitas e bandeirantes : medicinas e doenças no Brasil dos seculos XVI e XVII: Indians, jesuits, explores : medicines and diseases in colonial Brazil (16th and 17th centuries).” 2009. Web. 03 Dec 2020.

Vancouver:

Gurgel CBFM. Indios, jesuitas e bandeirantes : medicinas e doenças no Brasil dos seculos XVI e XVII: Indians, jesuits, explores : medicines and diseases in colonial Brazil (16th and 17th centuries). [Internet] [Thesis]. Universidade Estadual de Campinas; 2009. [cited 2020 Dec 03]. Available from: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/309188.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Gurgel CBFM. Indios, jesuitas e bandeirantes : medicinas e doenças no Brasil dos seculos XVI e XVII: Indians, jesuits, explores : medicines and diseases in colonial Brazil (16th and 17th centuries). [Thesis]. Universidade Estadual de Campinas; 2009. Available from: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/309188

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

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